AYURVEDA - The Ancient System Of Medicine
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27th Nov 2011, 11:48 AM #1
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AYURVEDA - The Ancient System Of MedicineIt is believed that Lord Brahma, the authority of all knowledge, recollected Ayurveda from his memory, according to Hindu mythology, Brahma is having four faces (Chathurmugha) and the word means supreme soul or pure knowledge and his four faces represent four Vedas,i.e, Rig-Veda, Yajur-veda, Sama-veda and Atharva-veda.
In the beginning of Kaliyuga, the creator of entire universe, Brahma taking compassion on mans suffering state produced the Upa-Vedas or commentary on the sacred Vedas. This consists of Dharma-sasthra (Science of Law) Dhanurveda (Science of bow) Gandharva Veda (Science of Music and Ayurveda (Science of life). It is believed that Ayurvedas the Upa Veda of Atharva Veda, So Veda related to 'Ayur'is Ayurveda.
Vedas are the oldest recorded treasures of Science and knowledge in the world written in a methodical and systemic way. The ancient recorded evidence (originated from memory) evolved from the people who have realized truth from their life style and penance, they are known as 'Apthas' and the authentic texts available in Ayurveda written in 'Devanagari-lipi', the mother of all Indian languages i.e., Sanskrit. So we can know from that in older times it is only practiced in heavenly and this system of Medicine revealed to sages at 6000 years back.
Ayurveda came to this world by two stages i.e., through Gods and through Saints; Thus it is evident that for a considerable time the knowledge of Ayurveda was confined amongst Gods. Lord Brahma, after recollecting this life science, taught it to his son, Daksha Prajapathi, who was the emperor of all living beings in this world. Daksha taught it to Aswinikumara's or Soorya puthras, the efficient Physician's and surgeons of the kingdom of lord Indra (Heaven).They were known to be successful in treating complications of ailments such as blindness, sterility, lameness, skin disorders etc. and conducting surgeries such as organ transplantation, fixing up artificial limbs. They were also learned 'Madhu vidya' and 'Kasha vidya' i.e. Anesthesia and regaining the life, and limb transplantation from Dadhershi Maharshi. They imparted the knowledge of Ayurveda to Indra, the ruler of heavenly kingdom.
In olden days Guru – Sishya sampradaya was existed and the knowledge was imparted by Guru (Teacher) to sishya (Student). In those period pupils resides with the preceptor. He receives a training both theoretical as well as Practical. It is true that even student having no blood relation with the preceptor also take up their residence with him and are for all purposes regarded as members of his family. After 'Deva parampara'the further decent of Ayurveda varies according to different Ayurvedictexts i.e. School of surgery and school of Medicine.
With prevalence of wickedness and iniquity, mankind began to suffer from various diseases. Grieved at this the Sages Bharadwaja and Athreya convened a meeting of the Sages in the Himalaya Mountains. According to the account in Charaka there were present the Sages Angiras, Jamadagni, Vasishta, Kasyapa, Bhrigu, Athreya, Gouthama, Sankhya, Pulasthya, Naradha....... around sixty four saints, after some deliberations they all arrived at the conclusion that the only means of saving humanity from such a disaster was to send one of their representative to the deity Indra and to obtain from him the knowledge of medicine. Among the sages Bharadwaja was selected and went to the king of Gods and returned to earth with the knowledge of Ayurveda. He related to the Rishi's the precepts that he had learnt from Indra.
This eternal science was recollected by the progenitor of the world and he wrote a treatise named 'Brahma Samhitha' consisting of one lakh slokas and thousand chapters. For the convenience of study and therapeutic use it has been divided in to eight branches.
1. Kaya chikitsa (General Medicine).
It refers to the treatment of diseases, which arise due to impaired metabolism. This branch includes the treatment of all diseases like fever, cough, mania, epilepsy, leprosy, diabetes etc.
2. Kowmarabhrithya (Pediatrics).
The treatment of Infants and children.
3. Bhootha vidya (Psychiatry).
The means of restoring the deranged faculties of the mind on account of a man's being possessed by devils and invasion of evil spirits.
4. Shalakya thandra (E.N.T.).
Deals with the description and treatment of the external and organic diseases of the eyes, ears, mouth and nose.
5. Salya thandra (Surgery).
Surgical instruments are used for the removal of foreign body (Accidently getting in to the body and dead fetus from the mothers womb) and healing of wounds are described in this branch.
6. Agada thandra (Toxicology).
Signs and symptoms and also the management of poisoning due to bites of snakes, insects, worm, spiders, rodents and from other artificial poisons.
7. Rasayana thandra (Geriatrics).
Deals with the methodology and medications to preserve youth, prolong life, promote intelligence and strength and give immunity to resist the diseases.
8. Vajeekarana thandra (Aphrodisiac).
Describes the remedies for increasing the quality of semen when it is scanty, methods for its purification when it vitiated, replenishing its losses and methods of improving virility, generally to increase the reproductive capacity of human beings.
Ayurveda the term derived from Ayu + Veda, Ayu means life and Veda means science. It is the science of life by nature and the longevity can be achieved through which is called Ayurveda. The aim of human life is the attainment of ultimate liberation (Moksha/Saswatha Sugham). To attain the pleasure, if it is everlasting or transitory (Moksha or Kama), the body should be devoid of diseases and the span of life to be prolonged. So for the principle objectives (like virtue (Dharma), wealth (Artha) desire (Kama) and liberation (Moksha) one should extremely respect and obey the norms of Ayurveda. To preserve the health and to cure the diseased condition, sages advised several rules and regulations, raising from bed at early morning, cleaning the mouth, brushing the teeth, bathing, anointing the body, exercise, seasonal regimens to prevent diseases, sleep, food's quality and quantity, the order of eating food according to the tastes i.e., in the beginning of food sweet and astringent, in the middle sour and salt and at the end pungent and bitter... etc, the incompatible foods like fish and milk etc, sex, social and personal behaviors to maintain normal health and hygiene.
A living being is composed of soul, mind and body. This tripod rested on union like three sticks standing with ne another's support. The compound is called the being or Purusha, the subject matter of Ayurveda. The being is composed of five elements i.e., earth, water, fire, air and ether, it can be also find in this universe, from which the three humors of the body are derived i.e., Vatha, Pitha and Kapha. The universe is composed of five elements, like our body also composed of these five, for the deranged state of Doshas, the Panchabouthika Dravyas are used. The equilibrium of the three doshas maintains health and decrease or increases of these three produce the diseases. The body and mind are the subjects to which health and disease in here; both are interconnected with each other. When the normal condition of both the body and mind disturbed, the result is disease. The diseases are twofold: mental and Physical, another two fold are accidental and constitutional, from the stand point of curability, those that are easily curable, curable with difficulty and incurable. By considering all the disease should first be carefully ascertained, after this the medicine to be applied, i.e. the treatment selected carefully by considering age, time, place, bodily vitiation, mind, strength of the patient and disease, digestion etc.
Treatments can be generally classified in to Samsamana and Samshodhana. Samsamana are those which reduce or diminish the excitement of Vatha, Pitha and Kapha, restore them to their normal state and measures. Samshodhana or correctives which expel from the body, everything that should be expelled for preserving or restoring health, such as purgatives, emetics, enema, administering medicine through nostrils, blood letting together known as "Pnachakarma. (Now a days peoples believed that Panchakarma is an oil massage and fomentation - but it is not only so). In view of all these points stated above, the main aim of Ayurveda is to preserve the health and keep away the diseases. For curing the diseased state, considering the body and mind holistically, correcting with natural elements from the nature itself, so that the diseases heals 99% even without any side effects.
27th Nov 2011, 12:00 PM #2
Re: AYURVEDA - The Ancient System Of Medicine
Today we believe in english medicines....cure fastly but temporarily also provide so many side effects than the decease.... Our ancient systems of medicine...cure slowly but permanently without any side effects....we have to believe in our system thought it is slow process...
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10th Jun 2015, 07:16 AM #3
Re: AYURVEDA - The Ancient System Of Medicine
Good info, thanks for sharing