Get rid of those white patches! Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a pigmentation disorder in which melanocytes (the cells that make pigment) in the skin are destroyed.As a result, white patches appear on the skin in different parts of the body.

Improper hygiene and food combinations,regular intake of junk food
and insecticide/pesticide-treated green vegetables
,past history of jaundice
or typhoid,harsh antibiotic use, etc and sudden emotional trauma
.Due to one or many reasons,a formation of toxins happens inside the body,which disturbs the human immune system and this reaches the condition of autoimmunity, in which the immune system of the body destroys its own cells and tissues.

Vitiligo is symptomless. Only sign can be found as depigmented spots, which enlarge into white patches gradually.
Pet areas of vitiligo include

ear back,
, palm back
, face,
around navel
and mostly bony prominences as elbow,
finger joints, etc.
Mostly, less blood circulation areas are more prone to vitiligo. In addition to white patches on the skin, there may be premature graying of the scalp hair, eyelashes, eyebrows and beard. People with dark skin may notice a loss of colour inside their mouths. Vitiligo generally appears in one of three patterns:

Focal pattern
- depigmentation limited to one or a few areas.

Segmental pattern -
depigmented patches on one side of the body.

Generalised pattern -
depigmentation occurs symmetrically on both sides of the body.

The diagnosis of vitiligo is based on physical examination, medical history and laboratory tests.To help confirm the diagnosis,the doctor may take a small sample (biopsy) of the affected skin to examine under a microscope.In vitiligo,the skin sample usually shows a complete absence of pigment-producing melanocytes. On the other hand, the presence of inflamed cells in the sample may suggest that another condition is responsible for the loss of pigmentation.

Suction blister epidermal grafting:
The ability of the melanocytes to migrate forms the basis of repigmentation in suction blister epidermal grafting technique. The mealnocytes from the graft readily migrate to the graft bed on remaining in contact with the denuded area, resulting in repigmentation. Subsequently, the melanocytes migrate to the surrounding areas, leading to a diffuse repigmentation. Small areas can be treated with this method.

Transplantation of melanocyte-keratinocyte cell suspension: Repigmentation is diffused and resembles natural pigmentation as melanocytes repopulate the area evenly.

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