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Medical Glossary


Discussions on "Medical Glossary" in "General Health Problems" forum.


  1. #11
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    Re: Medical Glossary



    Ketoacidosis - High blood glucose, often caused by illness or taking too little insulin.

    Knee reconstruction - Surgical restoration of biomechanics of the knee


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    Re: Medical Glossary



    Labor - Periodic rhythmical contraction of the uterus which opens the cervix and leads to the birth of a baby.

    Lactase - Enzyme that helps body convert lactose to glucose and galactose.

    Lactation - The production of breast milk.

    Laparoscopy - Examination of the peritoneum through a lighted instrument.


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    Re: Medical Glossary



    Malignant tumor - A mass of cancer cells that may invade surrounding tissues or spread to distant areas of the body.

    Mallet finger - Common condition due to the rupture of the long extensor tendon of the finger.

    Mammogram - A low-dose x-ray of the breast.

    Miscarriage
    - Spontaneous termination of a pregnancy before the fetus has developed enough to survive outside the uterus.

    Mucus - Clear liquid made by the intestines that coats and protects tissues in the gastrointestinal tract.

    Myopia - Nearsightedness.

    Malabsorption - Poor absorption of nutrients from the intestinal tract into the bloodstream.

    Malignant tumor - A tumor made up of cancer cells of the type that can spread to other parts of the body.


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    Re: Medical Glossary



    Nasal - By or having to do with the nose.

    Natal - Pertaining to birth.

    Narcotic - Depresses the central nervous system, reduces pain and may cause drowsiness and euphoria. Narcotics are NOT addictive when taken for pain.

    Nausea - Vomiting sensation.


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    Re: Medical Glossary



    Ovaries - Pair of small glands, located on either side of the uterus, in which egg cells develop and are stored, and the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are produced.

    Ovulation - Release of a mature egg from an ovary.

    Obesity - Over weight

    Occult - Obscure; hard to detect

    Ocular - Pertaining to the eye


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    Re: Medical Glossary



    Pancreas
    - Long gland that lies behind the stomach; manufactures insulin and digestive enzymes.

    Pepsin - Enzyme made in the stomach that breaks down proteins.

    Peptic ulcer - Sore in the lining of the stomach usually caused by the bacterium

    Plantar warts - Warts that occur on the sole of the foot and look like calluses; often a result of an infection or a specific virus

    Portal hypertension - Abnormally high blood pressure in the portal vein, which supplies the liver with blood from the intestine

    Prostatitis
    - Inflamed conditions of the prostate gland that may be accompanied by discomfort, pain, frequent urination, infrequent urination, and, sometimes, fever.

    Pupil - the dark center in the middle of the iris through which light passes to the back of the eye

    Paget's cells - Extensively proliferating cancerous epithelial cells seen in the epidermis

    Palate - The roof of the mouth. The front portion is bony (hard palate), and the back portion is muscular (soft palate).

    Palpebral fissures
    - The gap between the upper and lower eyelids.

    Pancreas - A glandular organ located in the abdomen. It makes pancreatic juices, which contain enzymes, which aid in digestion. It produces several hormones, including insulin. The pancreas is surrounded by the stomach, intestines, and other organs.

    Pap smear - A test to detect cancer of the cervix.


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    Re: Medical Glossary



    Quadriceps - Large muscles located on the front of each thigh.


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    Re: Medical Glossary



    Rheumatic fever - Is a childhood disease that may damage the heart valves or the outer lining of the heart.

    Rhinitis - Is an inflammation of the mucous membrane that lines the nose; often due to allergy to pollen, dust, or other airborne substances; causes sneezing, itching, a runny nose, and nasal congestion.

    Rupture - Break or tear in any organ or soft tissue.


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    Re: Medical Glossary



    Spasm - A condition in which a muscle or group of muscles involuntarily contract.

    Saliva - The watery fluid secreted into the mouth by the salivary glands that are in the mouth. It keeps the mouth moist, lubricates food to aid in swallowing, makes it possible to taste food, and contains digestive enzyme

    Scar - A mark in the skin made by a wound or ulcer, which remains after the healing process, is complete.

    Saturated fat - A type of fat that comes from animals

    Saline
    - A solution of salt and water.


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    Re: Medical Glossary



    Temporal arteries - Vessels located over the temples on each side of the head that supply blood to part of the head.

    Thrombolysis - The breaking up of a blood clot.

    Tyrosine
    - The amino acid from which dopamine is made.

    Tartar - White or yellowish deposit on the margin of the teeth.

    Tay - Sachs disease - A recessive genetic disorder common among Ashkenazi Jews in which the enzyme needed to break down certain lipids is absent.


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