Understanding the Fybromyalgia Syndrome

Fibromyalgia is often classified as a 'wastebasket' syndrome as many healthcare providers still fail to classify it as an illness. However, based on a number of neurological findings, it is believed that fibromyalgia is a neurosensory disorder and is directly linked to abnormalities in the central nervous system. Today, let's understand what fybromyalgia is and what its symptoms are, along with treatment and prevention.

Symptoms of fibromyalgia.
Fibromyalgia is a syndrome that affects the muscles and soft tissues. Its symptoms may be pain in the neck, shoulder, buttocks and arms, accompanied with pain in the chest and upper back area. Besides these, one can also feel acute muscle pain, experience lack of sleep, fatigue, restlessness, all this without any visible signs of inflammation or swelling.

Causes of fibromyalgia:
It can be caused by heightened sensitivity in the body across different stimuli. Usually accompanied by a low, tingling-like sensation, fibromyalgia is not a cause of tissue inflammation, in fact prolong presence of this disease might result in disabling in some extreme cases. Do note that the pain in the body due to fibromyalgia syndrome can be caused by noise, emotional or psychological stress or by a change in the weather.

Who is at risk of fibromyalgia?
Generally found in young and middle-aged women, fibromyalgia syndrome affects them between the ages of 32 to 57. In some cases, it can also affect men, elderly people and children. It can or cannot be associated with other diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus. Fibromyalgia syndrome can be diagnosed only by peeking into an individual's history of physical examination. No X-ray test or blood test can diagnose fibromyalgia. Identified by pressing tender areas, it is believed that a host of medical conditions can also cause fibromyalgia, such as hypothyroidism, hepatitis, Epstein Barr virus, AIDS, muscle pain, cancer and vitamin D deficiency.

Tips for coping with fibromyalgia: A few tips by which one can relieve the symptoms of fibromyalgia are:

Minimize the basic trigger point of fibromyalgia, i.e. stress. Reducing depression, fatigue or anxiety is the best way to stay away from this syndrome's painful symptoms. Discuss your symptoms, in detail, with your healthcare provider and choose psychological counselling, if you think you are unable to find out what's troubling you physically.

Maintain a daily journal: This will help you track your muscle pain and fatigue trigger points, helping you find out how you can cope with the problem.

Exercise regularly for 30 to 45 minutes on a daily basis in order to ease the symptoms of fibromyalgia. . Aerobic or conditioning exercises may work best for you. Take into account your sleep, hygiene and relaxation techniques in order to fight with the 'fight or flight' response in the body.

A few facts in fibromyalgia syndrome, which you should be aware of are:

-Fibromyalgia leads to extreme levels of fatigue in 90% of the cases.

-It can be easily associated with rheumatic conditions.

-Sleep disorders and lack of hand-mind coordination is common in fibromyalgia patients.

-An effective treatment of fibromyalgia is a combination of stress reduction, exercise, medication and in overall modifications of lifestyle habits.

-Fibromyalgia does not lead to body damage or deformity

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