Epistaxis (or a nosebleed) is the relatively common occurrence of hemorrhage from the nose, usually noticed when the blood drains out through the nostrils. There are two types: anterior (the most common), and posterior (less common, more likely to require medical attention). Most often they are a nuisance and not a true medical problem. A nose bleed occurs when a small vein, along the lining of nose, bursts. Most nosebleeds look scary, but are harmless and Can be treated at home.

Most common factors for the cause of nosebleed:

* Allergies
* Infectious diseases (e.g. common cold)
* Hypertension also allergic to aspirin

Other possible factors

* Dryness
* Nose picking
* Blowing nose with force
* Use of medications, like aspirin, Fexofenadine/Allegra/Telfast, warfarin, ibuprofen, clopidogrel, isotretinoin, desmopressin, ginseng and others
* Introducing objects into nose (mostly children)
* Injuries
* Allergies
* Infections
* High BP
* Atherosclerosis
* Blood-clotting disorders
* Use of cocaine
* Alcohol (due to vasodilation)
* Anaemia
* Connective tissue disease
* Blood dyscrasias
* Envenomation by mambas, taipans, kraits, and death adders
* Heart failure (due to an increase in venous pressure)
* Hematological malignancy
* Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
* Pregnancy (rare)
* Vascular disorders
* Vitamin C or Vitamin K deficiency
* von Willebrand's disease

There are several thoughts on how to treat minor nose bleeds. Here is the procedure recommended by the American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery.

* Sit with your head leaning forward.
* Pinch the nostrils shut, using your thumb and forefinger in such a way that the nasal septum (the nose's midsection is being gently squeeze.
* Hold for 15 uninterrupted minutes, breathing through your nose.
* At the same time, apply cold compresses (such as ice in a soft cloth) to the area around the nose
* For the next 24 hours, make sure your head is elevated above the level of your heart.
* Also, wait 24 hours before blowing your nose, lifting heavy objects, or exercising strenuously.

Consult a Doctor, if:

* The bleeding continues for more than 15 minutes
* The bleeding is caused by an injury
* You get nosebleeds often

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