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All about Diabetes ( Awareness, Alert and Activities)


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    All about Diabetes ( Awareness, Alert and Activities)

    How diabetes affects dental health

    Diabetes, or as we like to call it - the sweet disease, increases your chances of gum diseases like gingivitis and periodontitis, both being gum diseases.

    Poor control of blood glucose levels means that your body isn't able to fight off bacteria that invade your gums, causing infections that can lead to the loss of teeth. Another oral problem is dry mouth, which sounds like a minor issue, but can lead to cavities. So in that case, steady control of your glucose levels is the best way to maintain good oral health when you have diabetes.

    "Because of this relationship between diabetes and your teeth, it's important to tell your dental hygienist and your dentist that you have diabetes and about any medications you take," points Dr.Shantanu Jaradi, Director Dentzz Dental Care Centre.

    Startling facts
    - Periodontal (gum) disease is more common in people with diabetes. 1/3rd of diabetics have it.

    - Persons with poorly controlled diabetes are 3 times more likely to have severe periodontitis than those without diabetes.

    - 60% of the people with Diabetes have a dry mouth, gum inflammation (gingivitis and periodontitis), poor healing of oral tissues, plaque & fungal infection and burning mouth and/or tongue.

    Is there a two-way street?
    Emerging research also suggests that the relationship between serious gum disease and diabetes is two-way. Not only are people with diabetes more susceptible to serious gum disease, but serious gum disease may have the potential to affect blood glucose control and contribute to the progression of diabetes. Research suggests that people with diabetes are at higher risk for oral health problems, such as gingivitis (an early stage of gum disease) and periodontitis (serious gum disease). People with diabetes are at an increased risk for serious gum disease because they are generally more susceptible to bacterial infection, and have a decreased ability to fight bacteria that invade the gums.

    Severe periodontal disease can increase blood sugar, contributing to increased periods of time when the body functions with a high blood sugar. This puts diabetics at increased risk for diabetic complications. Thus, diabetics who have periodontal disease should be treated to eliminate the periodontal infection.

    Dental care tips for people with diabetes
    Since people with diabetes are more prone to conditions that may harm their oral health, it's essential to follow good dental care practices and to pay special attention to any changes in your oral health and to seek a prompt dental consultation if such changes occur.

    Here are some points to consider.

    - Keep your blood sugar as close to normal as possible.

    - At each dental care visit, tell your dentist about the status of your diabetes.

    - See your diabetes doctor before scheduling treatment for periodontal disease.

    - Make sure to give your dentist your diabetes doctor's name and phone number to include on your personal file. This information will then be readily accessible by your dentist should any questions or concerns arise.

    - Bring your dentist a list of all the names and dosages of all medications you are taking. Your dentist will need to know this information to prescribe medications least likely to interfere with the medications you are already taking if medications are needed. If a major infection is being treated, your insulin dose (for those taking insulin) may need to be adjusted. Check with your doctor.

    - Postpone non-emergency dental care procedures if your blood sugar is not in good control. However, acute infections, should be treated right away.

    - Keep in mind that healing may take longer in people with diabetes. Follow your dentist's post-treatment instructions closely.

    - People with diabetes with orthodontic appliances (such as braces) should contact their

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    Re: All about Diabetes ( Awareness, Alert and Activities)

    Reduced bone mineral density seen in men with type 1 diabetes


    A small study in Acta Diabetologica found men with type 1 diabetes showed decreased bone mineral density at the femoral neck, with a loss rate similar to that of postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes. Reduced free testosterone levels were also noted in men with type 1 diabetes.


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    Re: All about Diabetes ( Awareness, Alert and Activities)

    Green tea intake may lower type 2 diabetes risk


    Data on 340,234 participants showed that those who drank at least four cups of green tea daily were 16% less likely to develop type 2 diabetes compared with nondrinkers. The results were published in PLoS One.


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    Re: All about Diabetes ( Awareness, Alert and Activities)

    Checking for Ketones

    • Talk to a healthcare professional about when to check for ketones and learn to recognize the warnings signs for elevated levels.
    • Test for ketones using a urine check.
    • Keep a log of your results and notify your doctor immediately if you your test shows moderate to large amounts of ketones.

    Ketones in the urine is a sign that your body is using fat for energy instead of using glucose because not enough insulin is available to use glucose for energy. Ketones in the urine is more common in type 1 diabetes.
    When should I test?

    Ask your doctor or nurse when to check for ketones. You may be advised to check for ketones under the following conditions:

    • Your blood glucose is more than 300 mg/dl
    • You feel nauseated, are vomiting, or have abdominal pain
    • You are sick (for example, with a cold or flu)
    • You feel tired all the time
    • You are thirsty or have a very dry mouth
    • Your skin is flushed
    • You have a hard time breathing Your breath smells "fruity"
    • You feel confused or "in a fog"

    These can be signs of high ketone levels that need your doctor's help.
    How do I test?

    Urine tests are simple, but to get good results, you have to follow directions carefully. Check to be sure that the strip is not outdated. Read the insert that comes with your strips. Go over the correct way to check with your doctor or nurse.
    Here's how most urine tests go:

    • Get a sample of your urine in a clean container.
    • Place the strip in the sample (you can also pass the strip through the urine stream).
    • Gently shake excess urine off the strip.
    • Wait for the strip pad to change color. The directions will tell you how long to wait.
    • Compare the strip pad to the color chart on the strip bottle. This gives you a range of the amount of ketones in your urine.
    • Record your results.

    What do my results mean?

    Small or trace amounts of ketones may mean that ketone buildup is starting. You should test again in a few hours. Moderate or large amounts are a danger sign. They upset the chemical balance of your blood and can poison the body. Never exercise when your urine checks show moderate or large amounts of ketones and your blood glucose is high. These are signs that your diabetes is out of control. Talk to your doctor at once if your urine results show moderate or large amounts of ketones.


    Keeping track of your results and related events is important. Your log gives you the data you and your doctor and diabetes educator need to adjust your diabetes care plan.


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    Re: All about Diabetes ( Awareness, Alert and Activities)

    Tip of the Day

    Question
    Can exercise cause my blood glucose to drop hours later?


    Answer
    Yes.
    Depending on the intensity and duration of your activity, you can burn glucose for up to 24 hours after exercise. With long or hard exercise, you use glucose stored in your liver for fuel. After the exercise is over, your body wants to replenish those glucose levels as soon as possible. If there is no food available, the glucose is pulled from your blood stream, which can cause hypoglycemia.


    To help prevent low blood glucose, check your blood glucose about every 45 minutes after a hard workout and gauge whether your blood glucose is going down, going up, or leveling off. If it is going down, eat a few carbs and keep checking until you level off.


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    Re: All about Diabetes ( Awareness, Alert and Activities)

    The Best Herbs and Supplements for Diabetes


    1. Gymnema Sylvestre ---சிறு குறிஞ்சா in tamil

    Main use: Lowering blood sugar
    Typical dosage: 200 to 250 milligrams twice daily.


    This plant’s Hindi name translates as “sugar destroyer,” and the plant is said to reduce the ability to detect sweetness. It’s regarded as one of the most powerful herbs for blood-sugar control. It may work by boosting the activity of enzymes that help cells use glucose or by stimulating the production of insulin. Though it hasn’t been studied *extensively, it’s not known to cause serious side effects.


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    Re: All about Diabetes ( Awareness, Alert and Activities)


    2. Bitter Melon

    Main use: Lowering blood sugar
    Typical dosage: 50 to 100 millilitres (approximately 3 to 6 tablespoons) of the juice daily.


    The aptly named bitter melon is thought to help cells use glucose more effectively and block sugar absorption in the intestine. When Philippine researchers had men and women take bitter melon in capsule form for three months, they had slight, but consistently, lower blood sugar than those taking a placebo. Gastrointestinal problems are possible side effects.


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    Re: All about Diabetes ( Awareness, Alert and Activities)

    3. Magnesium

    Main use: Lowering blood sugar
    Typical dosage: 250 to 350 milligrams once a day.


    Magnesium deficiency is not uncommon in people with diabetes, and it can worsen high blood sugar and insulin resistance. Some studies suggest that supplementing with magnesium may improve insulin function and lower blood sugar levels, but other studies have shown no benefit. Have your doctor check you for deficiency before supplementing with magnesium.


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    Re: All about Diabetes ( Awareness, Alert and Activities)


    4. Prickly Cactus Pear

    Main use: Lowering blood sugar
    Typical dosage: If you eat it as a food, aim for 1/2 cup of cooked cactus fruit a day. Otherwise, follow label directions.


    The ripe fruit of this cactus has been shown in some small studies to lower blood sugar *levels. You may be able to find the fruit in your grocery store, but if not, look for it as a juice or powder at health food stores. Researchers speculate that the fruit may possibly lower blood sugar because it contains components that work similarly to insulin. The fruit is also high in fiber


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    Re: All about Diabetes ( Awareness, Alert and Activities)


    5. Gamma-Linolenic Acid

    Main use: Easing nerve pain
    Typical dosage: 270 to 540 milligrams once a day.


    Gamma-linolenic acid, or GLA, is a fatty acid found in evening primrose oil. Some research suggests that people with diabetes have lower than optimal levels of GLA, and studies have found that the supplement can reduce and *prevent nerve pain associated with diabetes.


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