Annual meducal checkup

“Every human being is the author of his own health or disease.” Buddha

prevention is better than cure

No matter how busy we are,we should always subjec ourselves to regular check-ups. It is sonormal for us to visit the doctor only when we feel there's.something wrong.But the thing is, not all symptoms of deadly
illnesses can easily be felt and seen for example Breast cancer.ever, there is no excuse for not having a thorough
yearly exam.

How Often Should A Person Have A Medical Checkup?

It is suggested that people have medical checkups every five years until age 40 and then every one to three years thereafter.
One rule of thumb suggested: For individuals in their twenties -- two exams during that time period; in their thirties --
three exams; forties -- four exams. An annual health exam is recommended for most patients after age 50

What Might A Person Expect From A Medical Examination?

A complete family and medical history will be taken.

The clinician should check or ask questions about the eyes, ears, nose, throat, abdominal area, swallowing,appetite, digestion, circulation and lungs. A urine specimen is used to test problems with kidneys; a blood sample,
to check cholesterol and any deficiency of iron.

The clinician may request additional tests, depending on age, gender, medical history and family history. A chest
X-ray, EKG, rectal examination, or stress test may be suggested. The clinician may suggest lifestyle changes and
call for health interventions

Routine Tests for All

Blood Pressure:

Your blood pressure should be checked during every visit to your doctor. Checking it at your yearly checkup will set
a baseline.


Significant loss of height can indicate the acceleration of osteoporosis. Height is lost as a result of compression
of the spinal cord.


Significant weight loss or gain without trying can signify serious health problems. Weight gain can mean fluid retention or perhaps heart, liver or kidney disease. Weight loss could indicate infection or cancer.

Blood Work:

Yearly blood work should include a blood count to rule out any bleeding problems, glucose levels to detect diabetes, thyroid function tests to rule out any thyroid disorder, and blood electrolyte counts, which can detect
kidney problems and early heart problems. Your doctor may also check some additional labs depending on your
personal and family history.


It is recommended that a baseline EKG be done for both men and women around age 50. It should then be done at least every two to three years, or more often if necessary.

Fecal Occult Blood Test:

This test should also be done yearly. Blood in the stool can be an early indication of colorectal cancer.

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy/Colonoscopy:

The recommendation is that a sigmoidoscopy be done every four years or a colonoscopy every two yearsfor anyone with a higher risk of colorectal cancer.

Tests For Men

Prostate Exam:

Staring at age 50, a man should have a digital exam of his prostate. The physician uses a gloved finger in the rectum to determine if there is any enlargement of the prostate. Enlargement could indicate benign enlargement
or even cancer.

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA):

Prostate Specific Antigen is a blood test that can indicate prostate cancer. If the level is high, a biopsy of the prostate may be needed. Routine PSA screening is recommended by some doctors, but not by others. Men over the age
of 50 should discuss the pros and cons of PSA screening with their doctors.

Tests For Women


Women over 50 should have regular screening, and many experts believe that routine mammograms should begin at age 40. Women between 40 and 50 should discuss the pros and cons of regular screening mammograms
with their doctors. During the checkup, the doctor should perform a clinical breast exam. Monthly self breast exams should also be done, and you can be taught this technique during your yearly checkup.

Pap Smear and Pelvic Exam:

This test should be done every three years, or yearly if at higher risk for cervical or vaginal cancer.

Measurement of Bone Mass:

There is no standard for frequency of this exam. Women with a family or personal history that putsthem at higher risk of osteoporosis should have this test.

Other Concerns

You should review all medications with your doctor, even over-the-counter medications. You should also discuss having a flu shot. If the flu vaccine is not yet available during your exam, make a follow-up for that.

If you are a diabetic, your doctor should examine your feet and order additional tests for your blood sugar.

Your annual checkup is also the time to discuss any emotional problems you are having. If you feel sad
or lack energy, tell your doctor. Your emotional health is just as important as your physical health.

Dentist to check teeth and gum decay

Ophthalmologists : for eye care

“Health is the greatest gift, contentment the greatest wealth, faithfulness the best relationship.”

Be Healthy.
Best Regards,

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