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Emergency Care - Everyone Must Know it - அவசர சிகிச்சை


Discussions on "Emergency Care - Everyone Must Know it - அவசர சிகிச்சை" in "General Health Problems" forum.


  1. #51
    Rudhraa's Avatar
    Rudhraa is offline Moderator & Blogger Commander's of Penmai
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    Re: Emergency Care - Everyone Must Know it - அவசர சிகிச்சை

    hi priya,

    just now saw the common blood values posts. thanks for posting it.

    I hav a doubt if possible pls clear it.

    வீட்டில் இருக்கும்போது தீக்காயமோ / சூடான எண்ணெய் பட்டுவிட்டால் என்ன செய்யவேண்டும், பட்டாசு வெடிக்கும் பொது ஏற்படும் காயத்திற்கு என்ன செய்ய வேண்டும். I will be always apply coconut oil / burnol for these types, is that is correct. If burnol is not available whats the next best option for that.


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  2. #52
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    PriyagauthamH is offline Registered User
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    Re: Emergency Care - Everyone Must Know it - அவசர சிகிச்சை

    Hi Rudhra , Very good question ........Thanks for raising it ......

    Burns and scalds are damage to the skin caused by heat. Both are treated in the same way.
    A burn is caused by dry heat, from an iron or fire for example. A scald is caused by something wet, such as hot water or steam.

    Burns can be very painful and can cause blisters and charred, black or red skin.

    Then we have Chemical burns ,electrical burns and even sun burn too .......

    Types of burn

    Superficial burns affect the top layer of skin only. The skin looks red and is mildly painful. The top layer of skin may peel a day or so after the burn, but the underlying skin is healthy. It does not usually blister or scar. A good example is mild sunburn.

    Partial thickness burns cause deeper damage. The skin forms blisters and is painful. However, some of the deeper layer of skin (the dermis) is unharmed. This means the skin usually heals well, sometimes without scarring if the burn is not too extensive.

    Full thickness burns damage all layers of skin. The skin is white or charred black. There may be little or no pain, as the nerve endings are destroyed. These often require skin grafting.

    Electrical burns can cause damage inside the body even if there is little damage to the skin.

    Note: a burn from one accident may have various types of burn within it. For example, some areas of the burnt skin may be superficial, some partial thickness and some full thickness.


    Treating burns and scalds

    Follow the first aid advice below:


    • Immediately get the person away from the heat source to stop the burning.
    • Cool the burn with cool or lukewarm water for 10-30 minutes. Ideally within 20 mins of the injury ..
    • Do not use ice, iced water or any creams or greasy substances, such as butter.
    • Remove any clothing or jewellery that is near the burnt area of skin, but do not move anything that is stuck to the skin.
    • Make sure the person keeps warm – for example by using a blanket – but take care not to rub it against the burnt area.Keeping warm will prevent hypothermia, when a person’s body temperature drops below 35C (95F). This is a risk if you are cooling a large burnt area, particularly in young children and elderly people.
    • Cover the burn - ideally with cling film
      Cling film is ideal to cover a burn as it is sterile - as long as the first few centimetres are thrown away and not used. Also, it does not stick to skin, a doctor can see through it to assess the burn, it is protective, and it is soothing. A clear plastic bag is an alternative if no cling film is available. Leave cling film on until seen by a doctor or nurse.

      Important: apply cling film in layers rather than round like a bandage, to prevent it causing pressure if the burnt area swells. So, for example, never wrap cling film round and round a burt arm or leg. A burnt hand can be put into a loosely fitting clear plastic bag.
    • Use painkillers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen, to treat any pain.Ensure the person is not allergic to these medication .


    Once you have taken these steps, you will need to decide whether further medical treatment is necessary. Go to a hospital accident and emergency (A&E) department for:
    • all chemical and electrical burns
    • large or deep burns – any burn bigger than the affected person’s hand
    • full thickness burns of all sizes – these burns cause white or charred skin
    • partial thickness burns on the face, hands, arms, feet, legs or genitals – these are burns that cause blisters
    • Also get medical help straight away if the person with the burn:
    • has other injuries that need treating or is going into shock (signs include cold, clammy skin, sweating, rapid, shallow breathing and weakness or dizziness)
    • is pregnant
    • is over 60 years of age
    • is under five years of age
    • has a medical condition such as heart, lung or liver disease, or diabetes (a long-term condition caused by too much glucose in the blood)
    • has a weakened immune system (the body’s defence system), for example because of HIV or AIDS or because they're having chemotherapy for cancer
    • If someone has breathed in smoke or fumes, they should also seek medical attention. Some symptoms may be delayed and can include coughing, a sore throat, difficulty breathing, singed nasal hair or facial burns.


    On all burns:

    Do not use lotions, ointments and creams
    Do not use adhesive dressings
    Do not break blisters(It will get infected).

    Mild sunburn, small mild burns, or mild scalds are best left uncovered. They will heal more quickly if left to fresh air.
    Even a small blister is best left uncovered to heal. If the blister bursts, you can use a dry, non-adhesive, non-fluffy sterile dressing. This will soak up the weeping blister, and stop dirt and germs getting into the wound.

    Quick look into :

    Electrical burns

    Electrical burns may not look serious, but they can be very damaging. Someone who has an electrical burn should seek immediate medical attention at an A&E department.

    If the person has been injured by a low-voltage source (up to 220–240 volts) such as a domestic electricity supply, safely switch off the power supply or remove the person from the electrical source using a non-conductive material. This is a material that does not conduct electricity, such as a wooden stick or a wooden chair.

    Do not approach a person who is connected to a high-voltage source (1,000 volts or more).

    Chemical burns

    Chemical burns can be very damaging and require immediate medical attention at an A&E department.

    If possible, find out what chemical caused the burn and tell the healthcare professionals at A&E.

    If you are helping someone else, wear appropriate protective clothing, then:
    remove any clothing that has the chemical on it from the person who has been burnt

    if the chemical is dry, brush it off their skin

    use running water to remove any traces of the chemical from the burnt area.

    Note :

    Depending on how the burn happened, you may be advised to have an injection to prevent tetanus (a condition caused by bacteria entering a wound).
    Minor burns will normally heal in around 14 days, leaving minimal scarring.

    Suspect infection in burn wounds if

    • the wound becomes painful or smelly
    • you develop a high temperature of 38C (100.4F) or higher
    • the dressing becomes soaked with fluid leaking from the wound
    • the wound has not healed after two weeks


    Tips on preventing burns - particularly to children

    Preventing scalds and burns

    • Keep young children out of the kitchen unless they are fully supervised.
    • The front of the oven, and even the washing machine, can become hot enough to burn a young child. Keep them away.
    • Use the back rings of cookers when possible. Turn pan handles towards the back and away from where a child may reach and grab.
    • Never drink hot drinks with a baby or child in your lap.
    • Never let a child drink a hot drink through a straw.
    • Teach older children how to boil kettles and how to use the cooker safely. There is no right age for this. Every child is different. However, it is important to teach them correctly when the time is right rather than let them find out for themselves.
    • Never heat up a baby's milk in a microwave. It may heat the milk unevenly, and some parts may become very hot. Stir baby food well if it is heated in a microwave.
    • Put cold water in the bath first, and then bring up the temperature with hot water.
    • Do not set the thermostat for hot water too high in case children turn on the hot tap.


    Rudhra , your query regarding use of burnol !!!! From the above you would have known that it is not necessary ......
    Burnol/Burnol plus contains 1.Cetrimide -an antiseptic that helps to prevent infection and aids healing. 2.Aminocrine -Another antiseptic .... So if used or not it does not matter .... But as with many differences in treatment in India it is more widely and commonly used .....

    Aloe vera gel is also very effective for burns ..... And it is natural .......

    Hope this post has been useful .........

    Moderator's Note: This Article has been published in Penmai eMagazine October 2014. You Can download & Read the magazinesHERE.



    Last edited by sumathisrini; 17th Oct 2014 at 04:44 PM.
    gkarti likes this.
    Priya


  3. #53
    Rajisha is offline Friends's of Penmai
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    Re: Emergency Care - Everyone Must Know it - அவசர சிகிச்சை

    Wow so much useful info . Thanks.


  4. #54
    shyamalasekar is offline Newbie
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    Re: Emergency Care - Everyone Must Know it - அவசர சிகிச்சை

    Nice informations to who needs more


  5. #55
    vasanthi is offline Friends's of Penmai
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    Re: Emergency Care - Everyone Must Know it - அவசர சிகிச்சை

    keep it up
    very very useful n nice info
    Thanks for sharing
    vasanthi
    mct


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