How to prevent and manage dry eyes

The surface of eye is always covered with a thin layer of liquid known as the tear film which is essential for health of eye.

Dry eye condition caused by cold winds of winter season evaporates the tears leaving eye with disruption of vision. Here are a few tips on how to prevent and manage dry eyes in winter.

- Wear sunglasses to protect eyes from cold wind and excess light

- Artificial tears also known as tear substitutes should be applied at least four times a day. It may be used as often as necessary - only once or twice a day, or as often as several times an hour.

- If the condition aggravates, use lubricating ointment at bedtime.

- Run a humidifier to put moisture back into the air.

- Lay a warm, damp washcloth across your eyelids for a couple of minutes.

- Add more omega-3 fatty acids or fish oil supplements to your diet.

- Keep the home environment humid, between 30 and 50 percent. During winter a humidifier may be used to add moisture to dry indoor air. Additional humidity can be created by wearing special glasses that form a moisture chamber around the eye.

- Drink extra fluids and use a hot- or cold-air humidifier

- Eat plenty of fish and foods with vitamin A,C,E and Omega-3 fatty acids

- Drink lots of water and get plenty of rest

- Green tea and chrysanthemum tea are beneficial for eyes and prevent eyes fatigue

- Turn down the heat at homes which dries out the eyes. Use a humidifier.

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