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What is diabetes


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    What is diabetes

    What is diabetes?
    Diabetes mellitus is a silent chronic disorder characterized by elevated blood sugar levels either due to defective insulin secretion or action or both. It is associated with altered metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins.

    There are two major types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

    Type 1
    diabetes (earlier called juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent diabetes), usually develops in children or young adults. In this type the body completely stops producing insulin, the hormone that enables the body to use glucose found in food into energy, due to damage to insulin producing cells (beta cells) of the pancreas.

    In type 2
    diabetes (earlier called adult-onset or non insulin-dependent diabetes), the body produces some insulin, but it is not enough and moreover there is insulin resistance, which means that the available insulin does not work properly. This type is mostly seen in adults, although it is being increasingly detected in younger age groups also.

    Type 2 diabetes is believed to have a strong genetic component and this type of diabetes is usually seen in people with a family history of diabetes. Compared to Type 2 diabetes, which accounts for 95% of cases globally, frequency of Type 1 diabetes is relatively low (<5%). In both types of diabetes, the signs and symptoms are similar.



    Symptoms of diabetes
    The symptoms of diabetes may begin gradually and can be difficult to identify at first. Thus, diabetes is, most of the times, undiagnosed.
    The symptoms include:


    • Being very thirsty
    • Frequent urination
    • Weight loss
    • Excessive hunger
    • Blurry vision
    • Irritability
    • Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
    • Frequent skin, bladder or gum infections
    • Delay in healing of wounds
    • Itching in the genital areas
    • Extreme unexplained fatigue

    The primary symptoms exhibited in type 1 diabetes could be nausea and vomiting. These symptoms are due to diabetes ketoacidosis which leads to breaking down of energy giving muscles and tissues, thus resulting in loss of weight. This leads to severe electrolyte disturbances and dehydration, which may have a poor prognosis and could even lead to coma and death. The symptoms observed in diabetes are quickly relieved once it is diagnosed and treated and also reduces the chance of developing serious complications. It must be remembered however that up to 50% of patients with diabetes may not have any symptoms at all! Such patients are detected on routine investigations such as the pre-employment master health checkup or because of a family history of diabetes. In this case, people can live for months, even years without knowing they have the disease. Often diabetes comes on so gradually that symptoms may not even be recognized; hence the term `silent killer` is used to describe diabetes.

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    In reality there is only Now. If you know how to handle this moment you know how to handle the whole eternity-Jaggi vasudev .

    regards
    Sudha.R

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    Re: What is diabetes

    What is insulin?

    Insulin is a hormone. It makes our body's cells absorb glucose from the blood. The glucose is stored in the liver and muscle as glycogen and stops the body from using fat as a source of energy.

    When there is very little insulin in the blood, or none at all, glucose is not taken up by most body cells. When this happens our body uses fat as a source of energy. Insulin is also a control signal to other body systems, such as amino acid uptake by body cells.

    In reality there is only Now. If you know how to handle this moment you know how to handle the whole eternity-Jaggi vasudev .

    regards
    Sudha.R

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    Re: What is diabetes

    food And Supplements That Lower Blood Sugar Levels

    Cinnamon: Researchers are finding that cinnamon reduces blood sugar levels naturally when taken daily. If you absolutely love cinnamon you can sprinkle the recommended six grams of cinnamon on your food throughout the day to achieve the desired effect. If you are not that big a fan of cinnamon there is another alternative…cinnamon capsules. This gives you the recommended cinnamon dose all in one tidy capsule
    .

    Chromium: To help your body’s cells respond properly to insulin you can use Chromium. There are studies that are finding that people with diabetes have lower Chromium levels that people without the disease. So how do you add Chromium to your diet? Well it is a trace mineral so the best bet it to take a Chromium Picolinate dietary supplement.


    Zinc: The mineral Zinc plays a huge role in your body’s production and storage of insulin. It is now being brought to light that people with diabetes have a Zinc deficiency. You can go about increasing the Zinc in your diet by either taking a supplement or by eating foods that are high in Zinc. This would include lamb, oysters, pecans, almonds, chicken and sardines.


    Salacia oblonga: Also something interesting I read about and also heard from someone on a podcast they were taking in Sri Lanka. Salacia oblonga is an herb that’s been used for centuries which is native to regions of India and Sri Lanka, binds to intestinal enzymes that break down carbohydrates in the body. Ohio State University, researchers saw insulin levels drop 23 percent and blood sugar levels drop 29 percent in patients who took a 1,000-mg dose of the herb. Amazing!
    These are just a few of the natural foods and supplements that will lower your blood sugar level naturally. One thing that is very important is that you keep your health care provider up to date on any supplements that you will be utilizing as a natural way to lower your blood sugar.

    In reality there is only Now. If you know how to handle this moment you know how to handle the whole eternity-Jaggi vasudev .

    regards
    Sudha.R

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    Re: What is diabetes

    Blood Sugar Level Chart

    Order a Glucose Monitor

    Do you know where your blood sugar should be? Here are some ranges (but always check with your health provider as well):

    Before breakfast, your levels should be between 80 and 120. This is considered to be a healthy range.

    Before meals your levels should also be between 80 and 120.

    Two hours after you eat meals, your levels should be 170 or less.

    Before you go to bed, it is ideal to be between 100 and 140.

    While fasting, it is ideal that you stay in the 70 to 100 range.

    In reality there is only Now. If you know how to handle this moment you know how to handle the whole eternity-Jaggi vasudev .

    regards
    Sudha.R

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