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Identical Twins/Fraternal Twins


Discussions on "Identical Twins/Fraternal Twins" in "General Pregnancy" forum.


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    nlakshmi's Avatar
    nlakshmi is offline Minister's of Penmai
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    Identical Twins/Fraternal Twins

    Are they Identical Twins or Fraternal Twins? How do we differentiate between them?
    This is the Most FAQ..

    Lets See here!!!

    Identical Twins

    Identical twins (monozygotic) occur when a single egg, fertilized by a single sperm, splits into two identical halves. Two separate babies with identical DNA are formed. Identical twins are always the same sex and blood type. They almost always share the same placenta but may also have two separate placentas. Depending on when the egg splits usually determines if identical twins will share the same placenta, and/or chorions and amnions. Twins are always identical when they share the same amnion (sac) and chorion. The split will most often take place within the first few days. But, here are some interesting facts: When the egg splits in the first two days after it has been fertilized, the resulting identical twins will likely have separate placentas, chorions, and amnions (sacs). Most often the egg will split after two days, which then results in twins sharing a placenta but maintaining separate sacs. Rarely, when the split occurs late enough, the result is twins sharing every element, including the same sac (A very high risk pregnancy due to umbilical cord entanglement - known as a Mono-mono Twin Pregnancy).. And even rarer still, a particularly late split will likely result in Conjoined-Twins.

    Identical twins can be strikingly similar in their appearance, but this is not always true due to environmental factors and not genetics alone. Many identical twins are relatively easy to tell apart. Indeed plenty of parents of twins will resort to twin DNA testing. Also known as Twin zygosity Testing.this will determine if your twins are identical or fraternal with staggering accuracy. This DNA testing for twin zygosity is easily done by taking swabs from the mouths of each twin and then sending to a lab for analysis. Another curiosity is Identical twin Finger prints.

    An additional question on the topic of identical twins will typically be, "Why identicals?". Currently, the scientific community does not have a definitive answer to why one egg splits, but they do consider identical twinning to be non-hereditary. Meaning, having twins in your family will make no difference in the possibility of conceiving identical twins. Identical twins seem to occur randomly throughout the population without rhyme or reason.





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    Re: Identical Twins/Fraternal Twins

    Fraternal Twins

    Fraternal twins (dizygotic) occur when two separate eggs are fertilized by two separate sperm. Two separate babies with no more in common than siblings born at different times are formed. Fraternal twins can be the same sex and/or blood type. They always have separate placentas, but their placentas may fuse together during the course of pregnancy and appear as one at birth. Fraternal twins will never share the same amnion and chorion. Twins that are male and female and or have different blood types can easily be determined as fraternal. Lastly, fraternal twins may be due to hereditary influences.
    Fraternal twins can share many similarities in appearance just like any brother or sister of the same family. Though, I have known fraternal twins that were in fact difficult to tell apart. A great example of this is the famous Olsen twins (a.k.a. Mary Kate and Ashley), who claim to be fraternal twins. Generally though, fraternals are distinct enough to recognize who is who with ease. And it's a no brainer when they are of different sexes.

    Now on to the "why" factor. Fraternal twins are actually the most common type of twinning. While identical twins happen for no apparent reason, fraternal twins come about due to a number of factors. Because hyper-ovulation (releasing two or more eggs at one time) can be inherited, it is common to have several sets of fraternal twins throughout many generations in one family. These fraternal twins are generally considered hereditary.
    It's a common misconception that twins only come down through the mother's side. This only holds true when the father is the one with twins in the family or is a twin himself and he is also the one trying to conceive twins. To put it a bit more simply, the male only provides the sperm, whereas, the female is the one who either ovulates two eggs (fraternal twins) or one egg that splits (identical twins). That's why a woman can still inherit the hyper-ovulation gene from a grandmother, aunt, etc. on her father's side. But her father would not have had any hereditary chance of having twins himself when he had his child/children.
    An added reason for having fraternal twins is the age of the mother at conception. The chance of Fraternal Twins is more prevalent in women 35 years of age and older. And yet another growing cause of fraternal twins is the use of fertility treatments. If you are undergoing these treatments, your doctor will have already informed you of the possibility of a multiple birth.



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