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மெய்ப்பொருள் - Nutrition & Growth Checklist for Kids


Discussions on "மெய்ப்பொருள் - Nutrition & Growth Checklist for Kids" in "Health and Kids Food" forum.


  1. #31
    rameshshan's Avatar
    rameshshan is offline Commander's of Penmai
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    Re: மெய்ப்பொருள் - Nutrition & Growth Checklist for Kids

    2. All family members, including children, need to wash their hands thoroughly with soap and water after any contact with faeces, before touching or preparing food, and before feeding children. Where soap is not available, a substitute, such as ash and water, can be used.

    SUPPORTING INFORMATION

    Washing the hands with soap and water removes germs. Rinsing the fingers with water is not enough – both hands need to be rubbed together with soap and water, and then rinsed with water. This helps to stop germs and dirt from getting onto food or into the mouth. Washing hands can also prevent infection with worms. Soap and water should be placed conveniently near the latrine or toilet. Where soap is not available, ash and water can be used.

    ● It is especially important to wash the hands with soap after defecating and after cleaning the bottom of a baby or child who has just defecated. It is also important to wash hands after handling animals and raw foods.

    ● Hands should always be washed before preparing, serving or eating food, and before feeding children. Children should be taught to wash both hands rubbed together with soap after defecating and before eating to help protect them from illness.

    Children often put their hands into their mouths, so it is important to wash their hands often, especially after they have been playing in dirt or with animals. Washing a child’s body regularly is also important to avoid skin infections.

    Children are easily infected with worms, which deplete the body’s nutrients. Worms and their eggs can be found in human and animal faeces and urine, in surface water and soil, and in poorly cooked meat.

    ● Children should not play near the latrine, toilet or defecation areas. Shoes or sandals should be worn near latrines to prevent worms from entering the body through the skin of the feet.

    ● Children living in areas where worms are common should be treated two to three times per year with a recommended deworming medication.

    Washing hands with soap and water after handling poultry or poultry products, after touching eggs and raw meat, and after cleaning the place where poultry is kept can also help prevent the spread of germs and avian influenza (bird flu).



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    "Don't be Serious, be Sincere."!!

    Ramesh

  2. #32
    rameshshan's Avatar
    rameshshan is offline Commander's of Penmai
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    Re: மெய்ப்பொருள் - Nutrition & Growth Checklist for Kids

    3. Washing the face and hands with soap and water every day helps to prevent eye infections. In some parts of the world, eye infections can lead to trachoma, which can cause blindness.

    SUPPORTING INFORMATION

    Flies carry germs. A dirty face attracts flies, spreading the germs from person to person. If the eyes become sore or infected, vision may be impaired or lost. Eyes must be kept clean and healthy.

    If the eyes are healthy, the white part is clear, the eyes are moist and shiny, and vision is sharp. If the eyes are extremely dry or very red and sore, if there is a discharge or if there is difficulty seeing, the child should be examined by a trained health worker as soon as possible.



    4. All water that people drink and use should come from a safe source or be purified. Containers for carrying and storing water need to be kept clean inside and outside and covered to keep the water clean. Where necessary, home-based water treatment, such as boiling, filtering, adding chlorine or disinfecting with sunlight, should be used to purify the water.

    SUPPORTING INFORMATION

    Families have fewer illnesses when they have an adequate supply of safe water and know how to keep it clean and free from germs. If the water is not clean it can be purified using low-cost solutions at home. It can be (1) boiled, (2) cleaned through a filter, (3) purified with chlorine or (4) disinfected with sunlight or other simple measures.10 The trained health worker or extension agent should have information on home treatments that are available locally.

    Safe water sources include properly constructed and maintained piped systems, public standpipes, boreholes, pond sand filters, protected dug wells, protected springs and rainwater collection. Water from unsafe sources – rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals, irrigation channels, unprotected wells and springs – is best avoided. If necessary it can be made safer by the home-based water treatment methods referred to above. Water should be safely stored in a covered container that is clean on the inside and outside.

    Families and communities can protect their water supply by:

    ● lining and covering open wells, installing a handpump and protecting the immediate area from animals and vandalism
    ● protecting a spring with a spring box
    ● disposing of faeces and waste water (especially from latrines and
    household cleaning) well away from any water source used for cooking, drinking or washing
    ● building latrines at least 15 metres away and downhill from a water source
    ● always keeping jerry-cans, buckets, pitchers, ropes and jars used to collect and store water as clean as possible by storing them in a clean place, off the ground and away from animals
    ● keeping all animals away from drinking water sources and family living areas
    ● avoiding the use of pesticides or chemicals anywhere near a water source.

    Families can keep water clean in the home by:

    ● storing drinking water in a clean, covered container
    ● washing hands regularly – including before handling stored clean water
    ● taking water out of the container with a clean ladle or cup
    ● having a tap on the water container
    ● not allowing anyone to put their fingers or hands into the container or to drink directly from it
    ● keeping all animals away from stored water.

    If there is uncertainty about the safety of the drinking water, local authorities should be consulted.


    "Don't be Serious, be Sincere."!!

    Ramesh

  3. #33
    sathyamshakthi is offline Friends's of Penmai
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    Re: மெய்ப்பொருள் - Nutrition & Growth Checklist for Kids

    Very informative


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