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World Health Day : 7th April 2013 : Theme - 'High Blood Pressure


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    World Health Day : 7th April 2013 : Theme - 'High Blood Pressure

    World Health Day : 7th April 2013 : Theme - 'High Blood Pressure




    "Hypertension is a silent killer"
    "Most common chronic illness in the United States"


    This year the World Health Day is Celebrated on 7th April to mark the anniversary of the founding of WHO (World Health Organisation) in 1948. Each year a theme is selected for World Health Day that highlights a priority area of Public health Concern in the world.

    The theme for 2013 is "HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE" also known as hypertension. We call it "SILENT KILLER".

    What is high blood Pressure or Hypertension?

    Blood Pressure is merely the Pressure that the Blood exerts on the blood vessels, while circulating. It is measured with an instrument called Sphygmomanometer. The normal Blood Pressure is 119/79 mmHg. If it is 120-139/80-89 mmHg, it is Prehypertension. When it reaches 140/90 mmHg, it is called Stage 1 Hypertension.

    There are two types of hypertension, Essential (Primary) & Secondary. The exact etiology of Primary is unknown and there are definitely causes in Secondary hypertension. Many factors are responsible for the Primary Cause. They are.

    Hereditary :- Most experts believe that hereditary does play a role in causing high blood pressure.

    Excess intake of Salt :- That an excessive intake of common salt (Sodium Chloride) elevates the blood pressure is an indisputable.

    Mental tension and approach :- All researchers accept the role of mental tension and negative thinking in the development of blood Pressure.

    Obesity (Excessive Weight):- The incidence of high blood Pressure is 2 times more in obese than in normal personal.

    Sedentary life :- The incidence of high blood pressure is much higher in sedentary persons than in Physical laborers.

    Smoking :- The incidence of high blood Pressure has been found to be higher in smokers. Smokers more often fall Victims to atherosclerosis, heart attack and cerebral hemorrhages.

    Alcohol Consumption :- The incidence of high blood pressure in drinking is 2 times higher than that in non drinkers.

    Age :- High blood pressure is common in older age group.

    Prevalence : One in three adults worldwide has high blood pressure. The proportion increases with age from 1 in 10 people in their 20s & 30s to 5 in 10 people in their 50s. 70 million Americans and 1 billion people worldwide have high blood pressure. The global burden of hypertension is rising and Projected to affect 1.5 billion persons, one third of the world's population by the year 2025.

    In India, it was reported on 1995 from Jaipur, the incidence of Hypertension was 30% in male and 33% in female. Again on 1999 the incidence at Mumbai was 44% in male and 45% in Female. In Manipur there is no clear cut study report but many Hypertensive patients are brought to the hospitals with severe complications.

    Signs and Symptoms

    High blood pressure is called the silent killer because it often does not produce any signs or symptoms to some patients. Patient may have headache, dizziness or nosebleeding, palpitation, muscle cramps, giddiness, burning of eyes, distended neck veins, insomnia, neck pain & vertigo. But some patients have high blood pressure for years without every knowing it. Sign and symptoms typically don't occur until high blood pressure has advanced to a higher possibility of life threatening-stage.

    Hazards of High Blood Pressure
    In patients of high blood pressure the blood vessels are narrow, hard and brittle. This disorder is term atherosclerosis. Heart attack, heart failure, kidney failure and cerebral haemorrhage are the natural consequences of high blood pressure. Also it shortens the life and drags its victim to a premature death.

    Prevention of High Blood Pressure

    High blood pressure is preventable and treatable. The old adage, 'Prevention is better than cure' is especially true for high blood pressure.
    Reducing salt intake 2-4 gms/day, avoid salty foods as much as possible.
    Eating a balance diet.
    Avoiding harmful use of alcohol.
    Taking regular physical activity at least 1 hr per day.
    Avoid tobacco use.
    Control Blood cholesterol and blood sugar.
    Sound sleep at night. Sleep 2 hrs gap after dinner.

    The ultimate goal of World Health Day 2013 is to reduce heart attacks and strokes.

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  2. #2
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    Re: World Health Day : 7th April 2013 : Theme - 'High Blood Pressure

    Hypertension: Effective Ways to Lower Your Blood Pressure

    The American Heart Association recommends that you get at least 150 minutes of moderate exercise, 75 minutes of vigorous exercise or a combination of both each week.

    Exercise is indispensible to good health, and no, cringing at the “E” word won’t help! I assure you that following these easy tips will go a long way in making a happier, healthier, prettier you.
    Oh Fish!

    Research shows that gazing at fishes in an aquarium, in a quiet ambience can considerably lower stress levels and bring down the blood pressure. It’s as easy as that!
    Aerobic exercises

    Walking, jumping and jogging are excellent aerobic exercises that not only lower your BP but also give you a flat ab and toned cheeks. Aim for at least 30 minutes of aerobic activity most days of the week. Remember that shorter bursts of activity count, too. You can break up your workout into three 10-minute sessions of aerobic exercise and get the same benefit as one 30-minute session!
    Take the Plunge

    Beat the heat and high BP with a swimming session in the pool. This is a great alternative (as is cycling) for those who suffer from Arthritis and have been advised against too much walking.

    An Exerchore

    Convert those mundane household chores into an excuses for exercise. Take the stairs, scrub the floor, lay the table- one item at a time, walk your dog and play with him, do some gardening and park the car away so you walk a distance to the parking lot.

    The Sportsman’s Spirit

    Badminton, tennis, basketball are all great ways to relieve the day’s stress and bond with family and friends. It fulfils the need of beign a part of a community and social vibrance. A fool proof way to ensure well-being.
    Bamboo breathing

    These are the 10 mins that can save your life. Bamboo breathing in an ancient chinese method to lower BP, bring focus and an instant shot of peace, anywhere and anytime. Sit comfortably in a calm environment, close your eyes and inhale to fill your lungs. Then slowly exhale a part of the air, hold your breath for a count of 3, exhale some part again, hold your breath for a count of 3 and again exhale. The exhalation is like the segment of the Bamboo stick and the breath-holding represents the nodes between them.
    Swing in the sun

    Get as much of the daily early morning and early evening sunlight. Recent research says that Vitamin- D might have a role in reducing high BP. So it’s a great idea to time your daily fitness routine when its sunrise ot sunset.
    The Lion pose (Simha Mudra)

    Sit in a comfortable pose, lightly close your eyes, press the tip of the tongue against the roof of the mouth (upper palate) feel a good stretch of the face and throat and breathe through your nose. Do this for a count of ten and then relax. Repeat atleast 3 cycles.

    The Cobra Pose (Bhujangasana)

    Lie prone on the floor with your toes touching the ground, hands beside your chest. On an inhalation, straighten your arms to lift your chest off the floor, go only to a height at which you can maintain the contact of your pubis and legs to the floor. Don’t tighten your buttocks. Stretch your neck, count to 15. Feel the stretch along your back. Release back to the floor with an exhalation. Relax.
    The Diamond Pose (Vajrasana)

    Kneel down with the knees, legs and toes touching the ground. Now sit down in such a way that the buttocks are placed on the heels. Place your palms on the knees. Keep the spine erect and breathe deeply

    The Wheelie (Ardha Chakrasana)

    Lie straight on the floor, bend your legs at the knees with the feet touching the ground, hands placed above your head. Lift the waist off the ground and make a straight line of your spinal column. Try to remain in this posture for a while, relax the rest of your body and continue to breathe normally. Releasing slowly lower your waist to the ground, legs to original position and relax.
    Stretch, Smile and Sleep

    Every night set aside a few minutes for this refreshing regime. Lying supine stretch your arms straight up towards the ceiling, make a fist with your hands and hold tight. Hold till your arms begin to hurt and you feel the need to place them down, and then gently bring them to the bed. With this let all the tension of the day slip away.

    Special care to be taken

    1. Ensure your Doctor approves of your exercise routine before you begin.
    2. Adequately hydrate yourself, always warm up and cool down.
    3. Listen to your body and take breaks when you feel exerted, experience chest pain, pain in the arms, throat, severe headache, dizziness, blackouts, difficulty in breathing.
    4. Start small and gradually build up your stamina

    Too many people confine their exercise to jumping to conclusions, running up bills, stretching the truth, bending over backward, lying down on the job, sidestepping responsibility and pushing their luck. Now, you can try something different. Good luck!


  3. #3
    vijigermany's Avatar
    vijigermany is offline Supreme Ruler's of Penmai
    Gender
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    Join Date
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    Posts
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    Re: World Health Day : 7th April 2013 : Theme - 'High Blood Pressure

    Hypertension: Effective Ways to Lower Your Blood Pressure

    The American Heart Association recommends that you get at least 150 minutes of moderate exercise, 75 minutes of vigorous exercise or a combination of both each week.

    Exercise is indispensible to good health, and no, cringing at the “E” word won’t help! I assure you that following these easy tips will go a long way in making a happier, healthier, prettier you.
    Oh Fish!

    Research shows that gazing at fishes in an aquarium, in a quiet ambience can considerably lower stress levels and bring down the blood pressure. It’s as easy as that!
    Aerobic exercises

    Walking, jumping and jogging are excellent aerobic exercises that not only lower your BP but also give you a flat ab and toned cheeks. Aim for at least 30 minutes of aerobic activity most days of the week. Remember that shorter bursts of activity count, too. You can break up your workout into three 10-minute sessions of aerobic exercise and get the same benefit as one 30-minute session!
    Take the Plunge

    Beat the heat and high BP with a swimming session in the pool. This is a great alternative (as is cycling) for those who suffer from Arthritis and have been advised against too much walking.

    An Exerchore

    Convert those mundane household chores into an excuses for exercise. Take the stairs, scrub the floor, lay the table- one item at a time, walk your dog and play with him, do some gardening and park the car away so you walk a distance to the parking lot.

    The Sportsman’s Spirit

    Badminton, tennis, basketball are all great ways to relieve the day’s stress and bond with family and friends. It fulfils the need of beign a part of a community and social vibrance. A fool proof way to ensure well-being.
    Bamboo breathing

    These are the 10 mins that can save your life. Bamboo breathing in an ancient chinese method to lower BP, bring focus and an instant shot of peace, anywhere and anytime. Sit comfortably in a calm environment, close your eyes and inhale to fill your lungs. Then slowly exhale a part of the air, hold your breath for a count of 3, exhale some part again, hold your breath for a count of 3 and again exhale. The exhalation is like the segment of the Bamboo stick and the breath-holding represents the nodes between them.
    Swing in the sun

    Get as much of the daily early morning and early evening sunlight. Recent research says that Vitamin- D might have a role in reducing high BP. So it’s a great idea to time your daily fitness routine when its sunrise ot sunset.
    The Lion pose (Simha Mudra)

    Sit in a comfortable pose, lightly close your eyes, press the tip of the tongue against the roof of the mouth (upper palate) feel a good stretch of the face and throat and breathe through your nose. Do this for a count of ten and then relax. Repeat atleast 3 cycles.

    The Cobra Pose (Bhujangasana)

    Lie prone on the floor with your toes touching the ground, hands beside your chest. On an inhalation, straighten your arms to lift your chest off the floor, go only to a height at which you can maintain the contact of your pubis and legs to the floor. Don’t tighten your buttocks. Stretch your neck, count to 15. Feel the stretch along your back. Release back to the floor with an exhalation. Relax.
    The Diamond Pose (Vajrasana)

    Kneel down with the knees, legs and toes touching the ground. Now sit down in such a way that the buttocks are placed on the heels. Place your palms on the knees. Keep the spine erect and breathe deeply

    The Wheelie (Ardha Chakrasana)

    Lie straight on the floor, bend your legs at the knees with the feet touching the ground, hands placed above your head. Lift the waist off the ground and make a straight line of your spinal column. Try to remain in this posture for a while, relax the rest of your body and continue to breathe normally. Releasing slowly lower your waist to the ground, legs to original position and relax.
    Stretch, Smile and Sleep

    Every night set aside a few minutes for this refreshing regime. Lying supine stretch your arms straight up towards the ceiling, make a fist with your hands and hold tight. Hold till your arms begin to hurt and you feel the need to place them down, and then gently bring them to the bed. With this let all the tension of the day slip away.

    Special care to be taken

    1. Ensure your Doctor approves of your exercise routine before you begin.
    2. Adequately hydrate yourself, always warm up and cool down.
    3. Listen to your body and take breaks when you feel exerted, experience chest pain, pain in the arms, throat, severe headache, dizziness, blackouts, difficulty in breathing.
    4. Start small and gradually build up your stamina

    Too many people confine their exercise to jumping to conclusions, running up bills, stretching the truth, bending over backward, lying down on the job, sidestepping responsibility and pushing their luck. Now, you can try something different. Good luck!


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