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Importance of Vitamins and Its Types


Discussions on "Importance of Vitamins and Its Types" in "Healthy and Nutritive Foods" forum.


  1. #11
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    Re: Types of Vitamins

    Vitamin B-9 - ((Folic Acid) Folate, Pteroyiglutamic Acid) Folacin

    Solubility: Water

    Functionality:
    This vitamin is very important to the growth and reproduction of all body cells, including red blood cells.

    Rich Sources:
    Green leafy vegetables, Dried beans, Poultry, Fortified cereals, Oranges, Nuts


    Deficiency Disease:
    Deficiency during pregnancy is associated with birth defects, such as neural tube defects

    Overdose Disease: N/A

    Deficiency Symptoms:
    Symptoms include Anemia, Mood disorders and gastrointestinal disorders. Neural tube defects may occur when a deficiency occurs during pregnancy.

    Deficiency Occurs in:
    1. Alcoholics
    2. People with Malabsorption disorders or liver disease
    3. Women taking the birth control pill
    4. People with kidney failure have an increased risk of folic acid deficiency

    Recommended Daily Intakes:
    1. Men: 400 mg
    2. Women: 400 mg
    3. Pregnancy: 600 mg
    4. Lactation: 500 mg



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  2. #12
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    Re: Types of Vitamins

    Vitamin C - Ascorbic Acid

    Vitamin C is an antioxidant vitamin that protects cells from oxidative damage. Vitamin C is necessary for the production of collagen (for wound healing), hormones and neurotransmitters; it may have a role in fighting infection.

    Solubility: Water

    Functionality:
    Helps heal wounds, scar tissue and fractures, Essential for healthy bones, teeth and gums, Builds resistance to infection, Prevents scurvy, Gives strength to blood vessels, Aids in absorption of iron, Is essential for the synthesis of collagen

    Rich Sources:
    Citrus Fruits, Tomatoes, Melons, Berries, Green & Red Peppers, Broccoli


    Deficiency Disease: Scurvy

    Overdose Disease: Refer to Vitamin C megadosage

    Deficiency Symptoms:
    Prolonged healing of wounds, Easy bruising, Frequent infections, Prolonged colds, Scurvy: weak muscles, fatigue, loss of teeth, bleeding gums, depression, bleeding beneath the skin, Swollen or painful joints, Nosebleeds, Anemia: tired, paleness

    Deficiency Occurs in:
    1. Smokers
    2. Women with Preeclampsia, who have lower blood levels
    3. People with kidney failure

    Recommended Daily Intakes:
    1. Age over 55: Intake of specific vitamins may decrease as you age
    2. Pregnancy: Do not take doses greater than RDA. Megadoses during pregnancy may result in deficiency symptoms after birth.



  3. #13
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    Re: Types of Vitamins

    Vitamin D - Cholecalciferol, Sunshine Vitamin

    Vitamin D is necessary for the reproduction of new skin cells. It is one of only three vitamins that are absorbed by the skin (the other two are vitamins A and E). It plays a key role in ensuring the absorption of calcium from the intestines.

    Solubility: Fat

    Functionality:
    Required for bone and teeth formation, Improves absorption and utilization of Phosphorous and Calcium, Maintains stable nervous system

    Rich Sources:
    Egg Yolk, Fatty Fish, Milk; Also made in Skin when exposed to Sunlight


    Deficiency Disease: Rickets and Osteomalacia

    Overdose Disease: Hypervitaminosis D

    Deficiency Symptoms:
    Symptoms include bone pain and tenderness and Muscle Weakness. In children, Rickets may occur, in which bones lose calcium and become soft and curved. Without proper intake, there is an increased risk of Osteoporosis, Arthritis, and Cancer.

    Deficiency Occurs in:
    1. More common in strict vegetarians
    2. Dark-skinned people
    3. Alcoholics
    4. People with liver or kidney disease
    5. People with hyperparathyroidism
    6. Also common in men with advanced prostate cancer

    Recommended Daily Intakes:
    1. Men: 200 IU
      1. (over 50) 400 IU
      2. (over 70) 600 IU

    2. Women: 200 IU
      1. (over 50) 400 IU
      2. (over 70) 600 IU

    3. Pregnancy: 200 IU
    4. Lactation: 200 IU




  4. #14
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    Re: Types of Vitamins

    Vitamin B-12 - Cyanocobalamin

    A vitamin that is needed to make red blood cells and DNA (the genetic material in cells) and to keep nerve cells healthy. It plays an important role in protein formation, aids in the development of normal blood cells, and helps maintain normal nerve tissue.

    Solubility: Water

    Functionality:
    Prevents Anaemia by helping in formation and regeneration of red blood cells, Necessary for fat, carbohydrate and protein metabolism, Increases energy, Promotes growth in children, Maintains healthy nervous system

    Rich Sources:
    Beef, Fish, Poultry, Eggs, Dairy Products


    Deficiency Disease:
    Megaloblastic or Pernicious Anaemia

    Overdose Disease: N/A

    Deficiency Symptoms:
    Symptoms include nausea, loss of appetite, sore mouth, diarrhea, abnormal gait, loss of sensation in hands and feet, confusion, memory loss, and depression. Harmful anemia may be a result of this deficiency.

    Deficiency Occurs in:
    1. Alcoholics
    2. Vegetarians who also avoid dairy and eggs
    3. People with malabsorption conditions
    4. Older people with urinary incontinence and hearing loss
    5. People with tinnitus and related disorders
    6. People with psychiatric disorders

    Recommended Daily Intakes:
    1. Men: 2.4 mcg
    2. Women: 2.4 mcg
    3. Pregnancy: 2.6 mcg
    4. Lactation: 2.8 mcg


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  5. #15
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    Re: Types of Vitamins

    Vitamin E - Alpha-tocopherol

    Vitamin E is an antioxidant vitamin that prevents cell damage that may lead to cancer. By inhibiting the oxidation of LDL cholesterol, vitamin E may reduce the risk of heart disease. It belongs to the family of drugs called tocopherols.

    Solubility: Fat

    Functionality:
    Retards cellular aging because of oxygen, Alleviates fatigue by supplying oxygen, Prevents and dissolves blood clots, Helps in preventing sterility, Aids in bringing nourishment to cells

    Rich Sources:
    Vegetable oil, wheat germ, nuts, dark green vegetables, whole grains, beans


    Deficiency Disease:
    Deficiency is very rare; mild hemolytic anemia in newborn infants

    Overdose Disease: N/A

    Deficiency Symptoms:
    Symptoms include in Infants irritability, Fluid Retention and Anemia. Adult symptoms may include Lethargy, Loss of balance and Anemia. There may be increased risk of Heart Disease, Cancer, and Premature Aging with marginal deficiencies.

    Deficiency Occurs in:
    1. People with a genetic defect in a vitamin E transfer protein called thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)
    2. Women with Preeclampsia
    3. Very old people with type 2 diabetes

    Recommended Daily Intakes:
    1. Men: 10 mg alpha TE (15 IU)
    2. Women: 8 mg alpha TE (12 IU)
    3. Pregnancy: 10 mg alpha TE (15 IU)
    4. Lactation: 12 mg alpha TE (18 IU)


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  6. #16
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    Re: Types of Vitamins

    Vitamin H - Biotin

    Biotin is a B-complex vitamin which is important in the catalysis of essential metabolic reactions to synthesize fatty acids, in gluconeogenesis, and to metabolize leucine.

    Solubility: Water

    Functionality:
    Promotes healthy, Aids in the utilization of folic acid, protein, Vitamin B12 and Panthothenic Acid

    Rich Sources:
    Egg Yolk, Meat, Dairy Products, Dark Green Vegetables; Also made by Microorganisms inside Intestinal Tract


    Deficiency Disease:
    Hair loss in both children and adults, Dry skin, Seborrheic dermatitis, Fungal infections

    Overdose Disease: N/A

    Deficiency Symptoms:
    Symptoms are incredibly rare. However, if such a deficiency occurs, symptoms may include hair loss, dermatitis, anemia, and muscle pain, loss of appetite, lethargy, depression, hallucinations, and lowered immunity.

    Deficiency Occurs in:
    1. Alcoholics
    2. People with inflammatory bowel disease
    3. Someone eats large quantities of raw egg whites
    4. Long-term antibiotic use
    5. Long-term use of anti-seizure medications
    6. People with diseases of the stomach

    Recommended Daily Intakes:
    1. Men: 30 mcg
    2. Women: 30 mcg
    3. Pregnancy: 30 mcg
    4. Lactation: 35 mcg


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  7. #17
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    Re: Types of Vitamins

    Vitamin K - Phytonadione

    Vitamin K is necessary for proper bone growth and blood coagulation. It accomplishes this by helping the body transport calcium.

    Solubility: Fat

    Functionality:
    Vitamin K is known as the clotting vitamin, because without it blood would not clot. Some studies indicate that it helps in maintaining strong bones in the elderly. Vitamin K plays an important role in the intestines and aids in converting glucose into glycogen for storage in the liver, promoting healthy liver function.

    Rich Sources:
    Green Leafy Vegetables, Beef Liver and Cheese. It is also found in asparagus, coffee, bacon and green tea. Vitamin K is also made by the bacteria that line the gastrointestinal tract.


    Deficiency Disease:
    Bleeding Diathesis, Delayed clotting & Hemorrhaging, Cholestatic Constipation, Patients may show signs of bruising easily and have nosebleeds.

    Overdose Disease: Brain Damage and Impaired Liver Function

    Deficiency Symptoms:
    Symptoms include prolonged clotting time, easy bleeding, and bruising. This deficiency is rare in adults and normally limited to those with liver or food absorption disorders. However, it may occur in premature babies.

    Deficiency Occurs in:
    1. People with certain Malabsorption diseases
    2. Hospitalized patients who had poor food intake and were receiving antibiotics
    3. Sometimes develop in breast-fed infants

    Recommended Daily Intakes:
    1. Men: 80 mcg
    2. Women: 65 mcg
    3. Pregnancy: 65 mcg
    4. Lactation: 65 mcg


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  8. #18
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    Re: Importance of Vitamins and Its Types

    very useful info dear thanks for sharing this dear.idhai printout eduthu vachiten da thank u so much dear

    Last edited by Nishahameetha; 9th Jul 2012 at 04:48 PM.
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  9. #19
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    Re: Types of Vitamins

    Vitamin P (Bioflavonoids, Phytochemicals)


    A water-soluble vitamin, found as a crystalline substance especially in citrus juices that functions as a bioflavonoid in promoting capillary resistance to hemorrhaging.

    Solubility : Water

    Functionality :
    It enhances the use of vitamin C by improving absorption and protecting it from oxidation. Promotes blood vessel health, including improving capillary strength, Prevents accumulation of atherosclerotic plaque, May prevent hemorrhoids, miscarriages, capillary fragility, nosebleed, retinal bleeding in people with diabetes and hypertension

    Rich Sources :
    Great sources of this vitamin are found in the edible pulp of fruits, green pepper, broccoli, and red wine.

    Deficiency Disease : If a diet contains enough fruit and vegetables, bioflavonoids should not be deficient, but deficiency would show up as bruising.

    Overdose Disease : Over dosages of bioflavonoids may cause diarrhea.

    Deficiency Symptoms : No reports exist of this deficiency.

    Deficiency Occurs in : Deficiencies have not been reported

    Recommended Daily Intakes : There are no daily recommended allowances for this vitamin.


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  10. #20
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    Re: Importance of Vitamins and Its Types

    Quote Originally Posted by satyasriram View Post
    very useful info dear thanks for sharing this dear.idhai printout eduthu vachiten da thank u so much dear
    Thanks for your compliments Sathya..... Yeah dear it is more important na ma..... You are most welcome dear


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