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Types of Minerals and Its Characteristics


Discussions on "Types of Minerals and Its Characteristics" in "Healthy and Nutritive Foods" forum.


  1. #11
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    Re: Types of Minerals - Iron

    Iron
    Iron is part of hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying component of the blood. Iron helps because it's important in the formation of hemoglobin, which is the part of your red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. Although iron is part of the antioxidant enzyme catalase, iron is not generally considered an antioxidant, because too much iron can cause oxidative damage.

    Functionality:
    The body needs iron to transport oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body. Iron is necessary for production of hemoglobin, and oxygenation of red blood cells, builds up blood quality, and increases resistance as well as increasing energy production. Iron also forms part of several enzymes and proteins in the body.

    Deficiency Diseases:
    Anaemia Overdose Disease: Cancer, Liver & Heart damage, Diabetes & Skin Changes

    Deficiency Symptoms:
    • Lethargy, poor concentration
    • Pale skin and shortness of breath
    • poor stamina
    • Intestinal bleeding
    • Excessive menstrual bleeding
    • Nervousness
    • Heart palpitations

    Rich Sources:
    Iron is found in Meat, Fish, Beans, Spinach, Molasses, Kelp, Brewer's yeast, Broccoli and Seeds.

    Important for:
    • Formation of haemoglobin
    • Brain development
    • Regulation of body temperature
    • Binding oxygen to the blood cells

    Best Suitable Composition:
    Iron should be taken between meals with Vitamin C, while manganese, copper, molybdenum, vitamin A and the B group are also beneficial.

    Recommended Daily Intake:
    • Men: 10 mg
    • Women: 18 mg



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  2. #12
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    Re: Types of Minerals - Zinc

    Zinc
    Zinc is an essential trace element found in every cell of the human body. It also seems as if zinc helps to control the oil glands, and is also required for the synthesis of protein and collagen - which is great for wound healing and a healthy skin.

    Functionality:
    Zinc helps in immune system, which a body's system for fighting off illnesses and infections. It also helps with cell growth and helps heal wounds, such as cuts. It helps manufacture proteins and genetic material and carry out immune functions, such as protecting against infection and cancer.

    Deficiency Diseases:
    Allergies, Night blindness, Loss of smell, Falling hair, White spots under finger nails, Skin problems, Sleep disturbances etc.

    Overdose Disease:
    Nausea, Diarrhea, Dizziness, Drowsiness and Hallucinations

    Deficiency Symptoms:
    • Hair loss, diarrhoea, fatigue
    • Delayed wound healing
    • Decreased Mental development in infants

    Rich Sources:
    Beef, Black beans, Blackstrap molasses, Chicken heart, Egg yolk, Fish, Lamb, Maple syrup, Milk, Nuts, Oysters, Pork, Sesame seeds, Soybeans, Sunflower seeds, Turkey, Wheat germ, Whole grain products, Yeast.

    Important for:
    • Metabolism of the ovaries and testes, and in liver function
    • Metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and energy
    • Fighting skin problems such as acne, boils and sore throats
    • Tissue of hairs nails and skin
    • Growth and maintenance of muscles
    • Sexual development
    • Synthesis of protein

    Best Suitable Composition:
    Best suitable composition of zinc in nutrition would be adequate levels of copper, calcium, phosphorous, selenium, vitamin A, B6 and E.

    Recommended Daily Intake:
    • Men: 15 mg
    • Women: 12 mg



  3. #13
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    Re: Types of Minerals - Manganese

    Manganese
    The word manganese comes from the Latin word "magnes" which means magnet, because when manganese is alloyed with other metals like aluminum, copper and antimony, the end product is magnetic.

    Functionality:
    It helps neutralize free radicals as well as being of assistance in preventing diabetes and needed for normal nerve function. It is needed for healthy skin, bone, and cartilage formation, as well as glucose tolerance. It also helps activate superoxide dismutase (SOD)-an important antioxidant enzyme.

    Deficiency Diseases:
    Problems with the disks between the vertebrae, Birth defects, and Problems with blood glucose levels and reduced fertility. Serious deficiency in children can result in Paralysis, Deafness and Blindness

    Overdose Disease: Manganese Madness

    Deficiency Symptoms:
    Deficiencies are rare, as manganese is widely available in the food supply. However,

    Symptoms may include:


    • Seizures, Epilepsy, Poor muscle coordination,
    • Facial twitching, Bone deformities and General weakness
    • Deficiencies in children may lead to stunted growth and development.

    Rich Sources:
    Nuts, Green leafy vegetables, Peas, Beets, Egg yolks, Whole grain cereals, Organ meats, Bran, Fruits, and Black tea

    Important for:
    • Blood clotting
    • Eliminating fatigue
    • Good digestion
    • Good muscle reflexes
    • Improves the memory
    • Improves weakness
    • Milk manufacturing for nursing mothers
    • Reduces nervous irritability

    Best Suitable Composition:
    It has best suitable composition when taken with vitamins B1, E, and calcium as well as phosphorous.

    Recommended Daily Intake:
    • Men & Women: 2.5 - 5 mg




  4. #14
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    Re: Types of Minerals - Copper

    Copper
    Copper is the third most abundant trace mineral in the body. It is found in a variety of enzymes , including the copper centers of cytochrome c oxidase, the Cu-Zn containing enzyme superoxide dismutase, and is the central metal in the oxygen carrying pigment hemocyanin.

    Functionality:
    It helps protect the cardiovascular, skeletal, and nervous systems. It promotes low cholesterol levels. Copper also helps supply the heart with healthy, oxygenated blood. It works together with iron in the respiration and synthesis of hemoglobin.

    Deficiency Diseases:
    Menke's syndrome, Wilsons Disease, kwashiorkor, Neutropenia

    Overdose Disease:
    Diarrhea, Vomiting, Liver damage as well as Discoloration of the skin and hair

    Deficiency Symptoms:
    • Changes in hair colour & texture
    • Hair loss
    • Disturbances to the nervous system
    • Bone diseases

    Rich Sources:
    Good sources include Cocoa; Liver; Kidney; Oysters; Peas; Raisins. Molluscs and shellfish are rich sources of copper, as are betel leaves, arecanuts and other nuts.

    Important for:
    • Aids in formation of collagen
    • Aids in maintaining fertility
    • Assists the absorption and utilization of Iron
    • Helps body used its stored iron
    • Helps make red blood cells
    • May help fight bone loss
    • May protect from damage by free radicals
    • Promotes blood clotting
    • Promotes healthy skin and hair pigmentation
    • Strengthens blood vessels, bones, tendons, and nerves
    • Various enzymatic processes in the body

    Best Suitable Composition:
    Copper is best absorbed and utilized in the body when cobalt, iron, zinc and folic acid is available.

    Recommended Daily Intake:
    • Men & Women: 1.2 mg



  5. #15
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    Re: Types of Minerals - Iodine

    Iodine

    Functionality:
    Iodine's primary function is to keep the thyroid gland healthy and manufacturing sufficient thyroxine, a hormone that is needed throughout the body.

    Deficiency Diseases:
    Acne, Bad Circulation, Confused Thinking, Cretinism Fatigue, Goiter, Hormonal Imbalance, Menstrual Difficulties Miscarriages, Scaly or Dry Skin, Sterility, Weight Gain and Weight Loss etc.

    Overdose Disease: Hyperthyroidism

    Deficiency Symptoms:
    • Apathy, Drowsiness
    • Hair loss, Fatigue, Dry skin
    • Increased blood fats, hoarseness
    • Delayed reflexes, and reduced mental clarity

    Rich Sources:
    Iodine is added to most table salt so people generally get the required amount from just one teaspoon of iodized salt. Other Iodine sources include eggs, milk, sea fish and sea food, sea vegetables - such as kelp, seaweed, asparagus etc. Fruits and vegetables grown in coastal regions are other good sources of iodine.

    Important for:
    • Thyroid gland to produce thyroxine
    • An important hormone for growth and metabolism
    • Prevention of goitre

    Best Suitable Composition:
    Iodine is rapidly eliminated from the body, so high intake or toxicity is not very likely, but if your diet is supplement with too much kelp or iodine you could have problems with acne or skin rashes.

    Recommended Daily Intake:
    • Men & Women: 0.5 mg
    • Females require higher iodine amounts during periods of puberty and pregnancy.



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    Re: Types of Minerals - Fluoride

    Fluoride
    The Fluoride mineral is one of the families of trace minerals and is one mineral that is surrounded by controversy. Although the fluoride mineral is not considered as essential, it certainly plays a significant role in keeping teeth and bones healthy and strong.

    Functionality:
    It helps in the fight against tooth decay. Teeth need a way to fight tooth decay and fluoride is the best weapon. It's believed that this function plays a big role in protecting a person against the onset of osteoporosis.

    Deficiency Diseases:

    Cavities and Weakened tooth enamel

    Overdose Disease: Dental fluorosis

    Deficiency Symptoms:
    • Appearance of dental carries, better known as cavities
    • Weakened tooth enamel
    • Brittle bones

    Rich Sources:
    Fluoride sources are not at all common and the fluoride mineral is not found in many of the foods that we eat. That is why it has been added to toothpaste and some drinking water supplies. Canned fish, including their edible bones, such as salmon is also a good source of the fluoride mineral.

    Important for:
    • Preventing dental caries
    • Preventing osteoporosis

    Best Suitable Composition:
    The main composition of fluoride is water

    Recommended Daily Intake:
    • Men & Women: 1 mg



  7. #17
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    Re: Types of Minerals - Selenium

    Selenium
    Selenium is an essential trace element that is important in proper immune system functioning and in free radical control. The body only needs a small amount. Nevertheless, the Selenium mineral is an essential mineral which the body requires on a daily basis.

    Functionality:
    Selenium enhances the immune system and protects against heart weakness and degeneration. It is crucial for optimal health and detoxification. Selenium is required for the production of thyroid hormones.

    Deficiency Diseases:
    Malabsorption, but that too is rare.

    Overdose Disease: Nausea, Vomiting and Diarrhea

    Deficiency Symptoms:
    • Cardiovascular disease
    • Nerve degeneration
    • Hypothyroidism
    • Arthritis
    • Anemia and a dry, scaly scalp

    Rich Sources:
    Red meat, Chicken, Turkey, Liver, Fish, Shellfish, dark Green leafy vegetables, Whole grains, Eggs, Onions, Brazil nuts, Walnuts, Brewer's yeast, Wheat germ, Pasta, Noodles, Rice, Cottage cheese, Cheddar cheese and Garlic are all good selenium sources.

    Important for:
    • Protection of eyes from cataracts
    • Heart from muscle damage
    • Antioxidant
    • Reducing cancer risk

    Best Suitable Composition:
    Selenium should always be taken with vitamins E, A and beta-carotene, and it is preferable when taking a supplement to take selenium in the form of selenocysteine or selenomethionine, which are both organic.

    Recommended Daily Intake:
    • Men & Women: 70 mg


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  8. #18
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    Re: Types of Minerals - Chromium

    Chromium
    Chromium is considered a trace mineral meaning that the body only requires that a small amount is present. Avoid chromium chloride, which is found in some supplements. It is mostly unabsorbable.

    Functionality:
    Chromium is needed for energy, maintains stable blood sugar levels. In cooperation with other substances, it controls insulin as well as certain enzymes.

    Deficiency Diseases:
    Anxiety, Fatigue, Glucose intolerance, inadequate metabolism of Amino acids, and an Increased risk of Arteriosclerosis.

    Overdose Disease:
    Gastrointestinal ulcers, Liver and Kidney damage, and Skin irritation

    Rich Sources:
    Some of the best dietary sources of chromium include Egg yolks, Bread made from whole wheat, Fruit juices, hard cheeses, Lean beef, Brewer's yeast, Molasses and Liver.

    Best Suitable Composition:
    It is best taken with vitamin B 3, Glycine, Cysteine and Glutamic acid.

    Recommended Daily Intake:
    • There is no recommended daily intake of this mineral.


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  9. #19
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    Re: Types of Minerals and Its Characteristics

    nice article...

    Last edited by Nishahameetha; 9th Jan 2013 at 08:08 PM. Reason: External Links Removed
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  10. #20
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    Re: Types of Minerals and Its Characteristics

    Quote Originally Posted by preeti22 View Post
    nice article...
    Thanks Preeti....



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