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Grains - local names with uses


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    Grains - local names with uses

    Amaranth seeds / Keerai Vidhai in Tamil

    Grains - local names with uses-g-amaranth.gif

    Amaranth, also called 'Keerai vidai' in tamil ‘ramdana’ in hindi, is said to be the world’s most nutritious grain. The nutritive value of amaranth with regards to proteins, amino acids, minerals, vitamins and food energy is superior to other conventional food grains.

    It is also a rich source of phosphorous, calcium, iron and folic acid. Amaranth is excellent for increasing hemoglobin in the blood and alleviating blindness from vitamin A deficiency. Amaranth seeds, which appear in black, brown, gold and white, can be popped, ground, baked and cooked. A pseudo cereal that is often eaten during fasts, Amaranth is an excellent substitute for those who are allergic to grains.

    Amaranth seeds are known for its ayurvedic benefits and other benefits like cholesterol lowering properties, increases the red blood cells, which helps in the prevention of anemia.

    Benefits of Amaranth Seeds
    • According to the ayurveda, this grain is very light to digest and is nutritious and healthy. Ayurvedic medicine recommneds this seed for all those people suffering from blood diseases and anemia.
    • Amaranth is also known for the protein content present in it when compared to any other grain. It not only has very high content of proteins but also has different types of amino acids like the lysine and methionine that are very rarely found in grains.
    • This seed also does not contain gluten and is an excellent option for people who need gluten free diet like for those individuals suffering from autism and even irritable bowel syndrome.
    • Amaranth seeds are said to have two times more calcium when compared to milk. Even a quarter cup of these seeds contain nearly 60% of the required iron for the body. This is the reason that according to the ayurvedic medicine, it is recommended for pregnant and lactating mothers.
    • The seeds have tocotrienols, which is a form of vitamin E that has cholesterol lowering property in the humans.






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    Last edited by roja123; 2nd Oct 2011 at 02:49 PM.
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    Roja

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    Re: Grains - local names with uses

    Bajra / Kambu in Tamil

    Grains - local names with uses-bajra.jpg

    Millets are the oldest grains that humans have consumed. It is healthy and non-acidic after consumption. In north India it is consumed as roti (bread). In south India this is consumed as porridge (koozh) or as pancakes (adai and dosa). Pearl millet or bajra is a highly nutritious and a gluten free grain. It is full of vitamins, minerals and amino acids.

    Kambu sadam and kamban koozh are in demand during summer as it is believed to keep the body cool. Kamban koozh is also sold as street food in summer and enjoyed by all. A glass of kamban koozh keeps body energetic and cool for a couple of hours. It is simple and easy to prepare as pearl millet (whole or flour) is available in grocery shops.


    Pearl millet is known as Kambu in Tamil and as Bajra in Hindi.

    Health benefits of Bajra/Kambu

    • The grain is easily digestible and has the lowest probability of causing allergic reactions.
    • It is rich in starch and this makes it a great source of energy.
    • It is an excellent source of protein and fiber.
    • It is rich in minerals like phosphorus, iron and zinc.
    • It is highly effective and recommended in cases of severe constipation and stomach ulcers.
    • It helps in lowering the cholesterol levels. This is due to the presence of phytic acid and niacin.
    • It is also believed to be associated with bringing down the risk of cancer.
    • The wholegrain supports weight loss. The high fiber content leads to a feeling of fullness for a prolonged period and this controls your hunger. You tend to eat less and this aids in your weight loss process.


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    Last edited by roja123; 2nd Oct 2011 at 02:57 PM.
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    Re: Grains - local names with uses

    Barley / Vaarkothumai in Tamil

    Grains - local names with uses-barley-grain.jpg

    Barley has been used for human consumption for the longest time. This is not only because it adds a unique delightful flavor to dishes, but because it adds nutritional value to the food we eat. Barley makes a nutritious food for humans, with several health benefits to its credit.

    Health Benefits of Barley

    • Barley is being researched for its ability to help alleviate diabetes, high cholesterol, and obesity. Some evidence suggests that barley in the diet may improve blood sugar levels in individuals with diabetes, possibly because the fiber in barley seeds delays stomach emptying and slows down the absorption of carbohydrates from foods.
    • Like oatmeal, barley seeds contain both soluble and insoluble types of fiber that may help to lower cholesterol. Studies have shown that individuals with barley in their diet experienced reductions in their total cholesterol, LDL - the bad cholesterol, or triglyceride levels.


    Last edited by roja123; 2nd Oct 2011 at 02:44 PM.
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    Re: Grains - local names with uses

    Corn / Makkacholam in Tamil

    Grains - local names with uses-corn1.jpg

    Corn, one of the most popular and versatile vegetables, is also a good source of several nutrients. Corn is a low-fat complex carbohydrate that deserves a regular place on any healthy table. These high-fiber, fat-fighting kernels of goodness are also hearty and satisfying.

    This popular food is high in fiber. In fact, it's notoriously hard to digest. But its insoluble fiber is tops at tackling common digestive ailments (like constipation and hemorrhoids) by absorbing water, which swells the stool and speeds its movement.

    Corn is a surprising source of several vitamins, including folic acid, niacin, and vitamin C. The folic acid in corn is now known to be an important factor in preventing neural-tube birth defects.

    It's just as important in preventing heart disease, according to studies that show folic acid can prevent a buildup of homocysteine, an amino acid, in the body. Long-term elevation of homocysteine has been linked to higher rates of heart disease; folic acid helps break it down.

    Health Benefits of Corn
    • Corn is helpful in kidney problems including renal dysfunction
    • Corn bran is a heart protector, when eaten everyday it can lower cholesterol in the body.
    • Corn is a rich source of calories and forms a part of the staple diet among many populations.
    • Prevention of Haemorrhoids and Colorectal Cancer


    Thanks and Regards,

    Roja

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    Re: Grains - local names with uses

    Jowar (Sorghum) Cholam in Tamil

    Grains - local names with uses-jwr001_ads_image_-250x250.jpg

    Sorghum is the nutritious cereal which makes healthy diet. It is the grain which is generally red or pale yellow in color. It is cooked as porridge for breakfast or along with other dishes.

    Jowar is an Indian name for Sorghum. Sorghum is gluten-free diet and is good in treatment of celiac disease and wheat allergies. It keeps bones and teeth healthy giving energy to the body. It also maintains the health of heart, controls diabetes, arthritis and weight of the body. The most famous Indian flatbread made out of Jowar.

    Sorghum is rich in potassium and phosphorus. It has good amount of calcium with small amounts of iron and sodium.Sorghum has good amount of thiamin and niacin with small amounts of riboflavin.

    • Sorghum makes a healthy diet since it is gluten-free diet.
    • It is good in treatment of celiac disease and wheat allergies.
    • It keeps bones and teeth healthy giving energy to the body. It also maintains the health of heart, controls diabetes, arthritis and weight of the body.
    • Improves cardiovascular health
    • Jowar can also reduce your risk to certain types of cancer such as colon cancer, abdominal cancer, digestive tract cancer, as well as breast cancer and abdominal cancer.
    • Moreover, they are beneficial to people with diabetes as they help to regulate blood glucose, reduce high blood pressure and so are beneficial to patients with hypertension.
    • Whole grains and jowar for that matter have proven beneficial in weight loss. They contain fiber that prevent hunger and leave you feeling full longer.


    Thanks and Regards,

    Roja

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    Re: Grains - local names with uses

    Finger Millet (Ragi) Kezhvaragu in Tamil

    Grains - local names with uses-121004054-121004053_finger-millet.jpg
    Ragi is the common name of Finger Millet in South India. It is one of the most nutritious food and one of the easy one to to digest. It is low in fat most of which are unsaturated fats.

    As Ragi is rich in vitamins and fibre, and is the richest source of calcium among all cereals and grains. The protein of this millet is said to be as biologically complete as milk. It is considered especially suitable food for diabetic patients. Ragi flour contains most of its bran, which enhances its fibre content. The flour can be mixed with wheat flour in a ratio of 1:1, with only a little extra baking powder, which increase the nutritional content for making breads.

    It is called Kelvaragu or aariyam in Tamil, Ragi in Telugu and Kannada, and Madua or Mangal in Hindi.

    Health Benefits of Ragi:
    • Aids in Bone Development: Ragi, an excellent source of calcium, contributes towards bone health. The cereal is beneficial for growing children and older people who need a constant supply of calcium for healthy growth and maintenance of bones.
    • Consumption of ragi can reduce the risks of fractures and osteoporosis to a considerable extent.
    • Aids in Weight loss: Fibers in ragi gives you a feeling of fullness, and the slower digestion rate of the cereal allows you to take less calories. This supports the process of weight loss.
    • Acts as a Relaxant: Tryptophan present in ragi acts as an excellent natural relaxant and helps to fight anxiety, insomnia and depression. The amino acid also helps in treating migraine headaches.
    • Reduces High Glucose Levels in the Blood: Ragi shows antioxidant properties, and its phytochemicals contribute towards a slow digestion process. Hence it helps to control blood glucose levels in a diabetic.
    • Acts as a Good Source of Protein/Amino Acids: Ragi is a rich source of amino acids which is beneficial for the human body.
    • Lowers Blood Cholesterol Levels: The essential amino acids, Lecithin and Methionine present in Ragi, help to reduce cholesterol by removing excess fat from the liver.
    • Prevents and Treats Anemia: Ragi, being a good source of iron, can be considered as a useful cereal for anemic patients



    Thanks and Regards,

    Roja

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    Re: Grains - local names with uses

    Wheat / Kodhumai in Tamil

    Grains - local names with uses-wt001_ads_image_-250x250.jpg

    Wheat has always been a staple food in North and Central India. Traditional Indian wheat varieties, having a high percentage of albuminoids and proteins, are not as starchy as the newer varieties. Indian wheat also has a high percentage of highly prized gluten, which gives the soft texture to Indian breads and rotis.

    Wheat contains mineral salts, catalytic elements, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chlorine, sulfur, silicon, zinc, manganese, cobalt, copper, iodide, arsenic, vitamins A, B, E, K, D, PP, and ferments. Thus, wheat is the base for nourishment.


    • Wheat germ is an excellent source of many essential nutrients. Learn the benefits of eating wheat germ and why it plays an important role in a balanced diet.
    • It has many health benefits such as it can lower cholesterol, fights colon cancer, it can prevent constipation and it can improver digestion.
    • In addition to protects heart disease and can help stop strokes.
    • Wheat germ is actually the heart of the wheat kernel and is packed in protein, fiber, polyunsaturated fat, vitamins and minerals.
    • According to Ayurvedic texts, wheat possesses certain properties as Balkaraak (strength), Jeevaniya (rejuvenation), Madhur, sheetal, Varniya (complexion enhancing), Veeryajanan (spermatogenic) and Sandhankarh (healing).


    Thanks and Regards,

    Roja

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    Re: Grains - local names with uses

    Hi,
    wow,
    It is very good article and very informative In these grains I knew only wheat all other grains are unknown to me. Thanks for the informations

    Regards,
    vij

    Pls post this article in health sub forum of this portal i

    Last edited by vijigermany; 2nd Oct 2011 at 06:11 PM.

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    Re: Grains - local names with uses

    viji thanks for giving suggestion to move the thread to health subforum. Let me move this to Healthy and Nutritive Foods

    Kavibhanu and vijigermany like this.
    with regards,
    Penmai's Team
    Penmai eMagazine November 2017

  10. #10
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    Re: Grains - local names with uses

    what is varagu, samai, thenai called in English?
    thank you


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