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Splendid Spices


Discussions on "Splendid Spices" in "Healthy and Nutritive Foods" forum.


  1. #11
    wonder is offline Commander's of Penmai
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    Re: Splendid Spices

    Anise –3

    Active Ingredients

    The seeds are composed of 18 percent proteins, eight to 23 percent fatty oils, two to seven percent essential oils, five percent starch, 22 to 28 percent N-free extracts and 12 to 25 percent crude fibre. The remaining nine to 13 percent of the seed's weight is moisture.

    Aniseeds are delightfully fragrant due to their high concentration of anethole, an essential oil. The seeds also contain other important compounds like acetophenone, p-anisaldehyde, anise alcohol, estragol, limonene and pinene.

    The seeds are an excellent source of minerals like iron, magnesium, calcium, manganese zinc, potassium and copper. These minerals are essential to cardiac, bone and blood health and are needed by the body to turn food into energy.

    The B-complex vitamins found in aniseed are essential to overall health. Loaded with riboflavin, pyridoxine, niacin and thiamin, the seeds can contribute to healthy levels of neuro-chemicals in the brain.





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  2. #12
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    Re: Splendid Spices

    Anise – 4

    Preparation, Selection and storage

    Dry and ground anise in its powder form is readily available in the spice market year around. Choose anise seeds from organic herb stores for authenticity. Buy them in small quantities that would last for 3-4 months since the seeds tend to lose their flavor because of evaporation of essential oils.

    Fresh seeds should feature brilliant olive-green to grey-brown colour and give rich aroma when squeezed between index and thumb fingers. Avoid seeds that have broken tips or those from old stocks as they indicate less in essential oils.

    Store anise in airtight containers; place in cool, dark place.

    Powder/ground form should be kept in airtight containers and used as early as possible since it may lose its flavor rather quickly.

    Star anise, on the other hand, has a long shelf life. Ground star-anise should be stored in an airtight container, away from sunlight.

    The seeds quickly lose flavour, so buy seeds whole and grind as required, and keep out of light in an airtight container. If to be used as a breath sweetener, roast lightly before chewing the seeds.

    After being threshed from the plant, the seeds are dried in trays until they become greyish brown. Once dried, aniseeds can be ground into powder that has a long shelf life when stored in airtight containers in a cool space.

    A tea can be made by steeping the seeds in boiling water, but the ground seeds may also be taken dry.





  3. #13
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    Re: Splendid Spices

    Anise – 5
    Culinary uses

    Anise seeds, oil as well as fresh young leaves are used in cooking.

    The flavor is heightened by dry-frying the seeds. Anise is used in savoury and sweet dishes to which it imparts sweet-aromatic flavor to variety of cuisines.

    The whole seeds and often-times freshly grounded powder added to the recipes at the last moment to limit the evaporation of essential volatile oils in them.

    This delicate spice is being used as flavouring base for soups, sauces, breads, cakes, biscuits and confectionary.

    Anise seeds as well as its oil have been in use in the preparation of sweet dishes in many Asian countries.

    It is used as a flavouring base in the preparation of herbal tea; and a liquor called anisette.

    Star anise (bajiao) is one of the most important spices in Chinese cuisine, and it is the dominant flavor in Chinese five-spice powder along with cloves, cinnamon, huajiao (Sichuan pepper) and ground fennel seeds.


  4. #14
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    Re: Splendid Spices

    Anise 6

    Anise seeds (Pimpinella anisum),
    Nutritional value per 100 g.
    (Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
    Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
    Energy 337 Kcal 17%
    Carbohydrates 50.02 g 38%
    Protein 17.60 g 31%
    Total Fat 79% 15.90 g
    Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
    Dietary Fiber 14.6 g 38%
    Vitamins
    Folates 10 g 2.5%
    Niacin 3.060 mg 19%
    Pantothenic acid 0.797 mg 16%
    Pyridoxine 0.650 mg 50%
    Riboflavin 0.290 mg 22%
    Thiamin 0.340 mg 28%
    Vitamin A 311 IU 10.5%
    Vitamin C 21 mg 35%
    Electrolytes
    Sodium 16 mg 1%
    Potassium 1441 mg 31%
    Minerals
    Calcium 646 mg 65%
    Copper 0.910 mg 101%
    Iron 36.96 mg 462%
    Magnesium 170 mg 42.5%
    Manganese 2.300 mg 100%
    Phosphorus 440 mg 63%
    Selenium 5.0 mg 9%
    Zinc 5.30 mg 48%


    Botanical name Family name Commercial part
    Pimpinella anisum Apiaceae Fruit



    Indian Names

    Hindi : Valaiti saunf or aawonf
    Bengali : Muhuri, Mitha jira
    Gujarati : Anisi, Sowa
    Kannada :sompu
    Malayalam :Shombu
    Marathi :Somp, Badishop
    Oriya :Sop
    Punjabi :Valaiti sounf
    Sanskrit :Shatapusapa
    Tamil :Shombu
    Telugu :Kuppi soptu



  5. #15
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    Re: Splendid Spices

    Anise – 7

    Dosing

    There are no recent clinical studies to guide use of anise; however, typical use in dyspepsia is 0.5 to 3 g of seed, or 0.1 to 0.3 mL of the essential oil.

    Contraindications

    Anise is not recommended for use in pregnancy.

    Pregnancy/Lactation


    Aniseed is a reputed abortifacient. Excessive use is not recommended in pregnancy.

    Interactions


    None well documented.

    Adverse Reactions


    Anise may cause allergic reactions of the skin, respiratory tract, and gastrointestinal tract.

    Side Effects


    While the seed has many benefits, high doses of the essential oil are toxic due to its narcotic properties. Aniseed is safe to use in small doses, but ingesting large amounts of the seed can cause convulsions, narcosis, circulatory problems and coma. Improper use may also cause seizures, paralysis, lack of clarity and other mental problems. Users should only take the seed as directed and avoid consuming high doses.

    How to Plant ANISE Seeds

    Direct sow into prepared seed beds in early spring when the ground has warmed, inch deep, 1-2 seeds per inch, in rows spaced 18 inches apart. Thin to 6 inches apart.

    Comments
    : Full sun, regular water. Umbrella like clusters of tiny white flowers bloom in July, attract butterflies, bees, and beneficial insects. Seed heads attract birds. Plants are deer resistant.

    Harvest leaves anytime during the growing season. Flower heads turn gray-brown in fall, cut and place in paper bags or spread out and dry in direct sun. Once seed is dried, store in airtight container.

    Last edited by wonder; 7th Sep 2014 at 07:40 PM.

  6. #16
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    Re: Splendid Spices

    STAR ANISE

    Description


    Star anise is the dried, star shaped fruit of Illicium verum. It is an evergreen tree attaining a height of 8-15 meters and a diameter of 25 cm. The leaves are entire, 10-15 cm long, 2.5 – 5 cm broad, elliptic, flowers are solitary, white to red in colour.

    Fruits are star shaped, reddish brown consisting of 6-8 carpels arranged in a whorl. Each carpel is 10 mm long, boat shaped, hard and wrinkled containing a seed. Seeds are brown, compressed, ovoid, smooth, shiny and brittle.

    Origin and Distribution


    Star Anise is indigenous to South Eastern China. Commercial production is limited to China and Vietnam. In India, it is produced to a small extent in Arunachal Pradesh.

    The crop requires specific agro climatic conditions available only in the traditional growing areas, which has prevented repeated attempts of other countries to grow star anise. However it prefers woodlands, sunny edges, and dappled shade.

    The plant grows well in humus rich, mildly acidic to neutral soils, which are light to medium and having good drainage. It tolerates temperatures down to –10 degree C.

    Uses


    Star anise is one of the signature flavours of Chinese savory cooking. The five-spice powder mix common in China contains star anise.

    It is used to flavour vegetables, meat, and to marinate meat. It is used as a condiment for flavouring curries, confectionaries, spirits, and for pickling. It is also used in perfumery.

    The essential oil of star anise is used to flavour soft drinks, bakery products and liquors.

    The fruit is anti-bacterial, carminative, diuretic and stomachic. It is considered useful in flatulence and spasmodic.


  7. #17
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    Re: Splendid Spices

    STAR ANISE - 1


    Botanical name Family name Commercial part
    Illicium verum Illiciaceae Dried Fruit



    Indian Names

    Hindi : Anasphal
    Malayalam : Takkolam
    Marathi : Badian
    Oriya : Anasphul
    Tamil : Anashuppu
    Telugu : Anaspuvu
    Urdu : Badyani

    Name in international languages
    Chinese : Ba jiao
    Czech : Badyan
    Dutch : Steranijs
    French : Anis de la chine
    German : Sternanis
    Indonesia : Bunga lawing
    Italian : Anice stellate
    Nepali : Star phul
    Russian : Badyan
    Spanish : Badian



  8. #18
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    Re: Splendid Spices

    Anise seed health benefits

    Anise seed is an important ingredient in gharam masala. Aniseseed (or aniseed) promotes health and help body fight off diseases. It doeswarm body and aid digestion, enhance brain, beneficial for blood pressurepatients, nourish blood. Its warming nature helps body expel phlegm and getrelief in asthma, cough, pneumonia and bronchitis. It relieve nausea, vomitingsensation, abdominal pain, gas problem, digestive troubles and lack ofappetite. Boiling aniseed in water and drinking this water would stimulate milkproduction nursing mothers. It is given to children in mild amount to curecold.

    For stomach ache, digestive trouble, diabetes, toothache and bad breath

    Digestive troubles and stomach pain would be relieved by drinkinganiseed water (decoction). Aniseed water helps in menstrual cramps, stomachpain and irregular periods, induce menstruation, improve fertility power. It strengthensthe digestive tract, pancreas and lessens the possibilities of pancreaticabnormalities, helps to get good sleep. Washing mouth with aniseed water wouldprevent gum problems, tooth ache and bad breath.


  9. #19
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    Re: Splendid Spices

    Anise

    Babies


    Use of anise seed for babies is also very popular. It treats acute abdominal pain and hiccups in babies. It helps cure various digestive ailments in babies. Moreover it is known to increase milk production in lactating mothers.

    Digestion

    Anise seed is known to be very beneficial for your digestive health. It cures digestive disorders and ensures proper functioning of the digestive system. Common problems like nausea, pain in abdomen, vomiting, diarrhea, gastritis and spasmodic flatulence are all known to be treated by anise seeds. It also helps in regular and normal bowel movements. One of the best health benefits is that it improves appetite and supplements proper digestion.

    Oral

    One of the health benefits of anise seed is that it helps maintain your oral health. Its antimicrobial, antibacterial make it a perfect ingredient of an effective mouthwash. It helps fight bad breath problem and oral inflammation as well. These seeds are popularly used in homemade mouthwash recipes. A mild infusion of anise seeds makes good eyewash.


  10. #20
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    Re: Splendid Spices

    Anise

    Respiration

    Anise seed acts a perfect expectorant in the body. It helps loose phlegm in the throat and lungs. Moreover it is also effective herb for asthma treatment. It is a popular ingredient in many cough medications. It is also useful in curing other respiratory tract problems. Bronchitis, sinusitis, influenza and pneumonia can also be cured with help of anise seeds.

    Skin

    External uses of anise skin include curing various skin disorders. It is effective in treating scabies and lice. It is one of the best antiseptic, hence, readily cures various infections. It is also used for poorly healing wounds. Anise essential oil is effective in destroying the insects.

    Other Benefits

    Anise seeds helps increase libido in men and women. It also helps reduce menstruation pain and helps induce menstruation. Anise oil is beneficial in treating problems like impotence, cardiovascular function and frigidity.


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