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Healthy Herbs


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  1. #1
    wonder is offline Commander's of Penmai
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    Healthy Herbs

    HERBS
    Health benefits -

    • Herbs contain unique anti-oxidants, essential oils, vitamins, phyto-sterols and many other nutrient substances, which help to equip the body to fight against germs, toxins and to boost immunity level. Herbs are medicines in smaller dosages.
    • Essential oils in herbs have been found to have anti-inflammatory function by inhibiting the enzyme cyclooxygenase (COX), which mediates inflammatory cascade reactions in the body which makes it an important remedy for symptomatic relief for inflammatory health problems such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteo-arthritis and inflammatory bowel conditions like ulcerative colitis.
    • Many unique compounds in them reduce blood sugar levels in diabetics.
    • Certain compounds in garlic like those that thiosulfates (allicin) can bring significant reduction in total cholesterol level and in blood pressure and help to prevent coronary artery disease and stroke risk.
    • Curcumin,( a substance in turmeric, help to reduce inflammation) together with other antioxidants in the turmeric have anti-amyloid and anti-inflammatory properties which is effective in preventing or at-least delaying the onset of Alzheimer’s disease.
    • The volatile oils, vitamins, and antioxidants in the herbs have cytotoxicity action against prostate, pancreatic, colon, endometrial etc., cancer cells.
    • The chemical compounds in the herbs have been found to be anti-spasmodic, carminative, diaphoretic, analgesic, aphrodisiac, deodorant, digestive, antiseptic, lipolytic (fat and weight loss action), stimulant and stomachic actions when taken in appropriate dosage.


    Culinary Uses
    They contain many anti-microbial substances that help keep the food protected. Healthy herbs are used in small amounts while preparing recipes; actually, they provide flavour rather than substance to food.

    Here are some serving tips:



    • Fresh leaves are being used in the preparation of soups and herbal sauces.
    • Chopped, fresh herb leaves can impart richness to vegetable and fruit salads.
    • Along with other spicy items, selective healthy herbs are being used to enhance the flavour and taste of vegetable, chicken, fish and lean meat dishes.
    • Some herbal leaves and plant parts are increasingly been used as popular flavour drinks.



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  2. #2
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    Re: Healthy Herbs

    Thanks for the share

    Jayanthy





  3. #3
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    Re: Healthy Herbs

    Ginger

    Ginger is the dried underground stem of the herbaceous tropical plant grown as an annual. The whole plant is refreshingly aromatic and the underground rhizome, raw or processed, is valued as spice. Ginger is a slender perennial herb, 30-50 cm tall with palmate (having five or more lobes whose midribs all radiate from one point) branched rhizome bearing leafy shoots. The leafy shoot is a pseudo stem formed by leaf sheath and bears 8 to 12 distichous leaves.

    Pungent, spicy ginger root is a popular root herb of culinary and medicinal importance. The spicy root is actually an underground rhizome of small herb plant belonging to the Zingiberaceae family, of the genus: Zingiber.
    Botanical: Zingiber officinale (ROSC.)

    Family: N.O. Zingiberaceae


    Part Used---Root.


    Habitat---Said to be a native of Asia. Cultivated in West Indies, Jamaica, Africa.

    Its root features knotty finger-like projections that grow downward from the ground surface. Fresh raw root has a silver gray outer surface. Cut sections feature creamy white, yellow, or red-colour crunchy flesh depending upon the variety. The root often contains fibrils running through its centre, especially in over-matured size roots. Ginger has pungent, spicy and aromatic smell that comes from essential oils and phenolic compounds such as gingerols and shogaols in the root.

    Origin and Distribution

    It is a tropical plant with the centre of origin in India and Malaysia. Now it is widely cultivated in India, Jamaica, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Malaysia, Southern China and Japan.
    Ginger requires warm and humid climate and thrives well from sea level to an altitude of 1500 mtrs above MSL. A well distributed rainfall (150 to 300cm) during growing season and dry spells during land preparation and harvesting are required for the crop. Though grows on a wide range of soils, lateritic loams are preferred for higher yields.

    Ginger is having originated in the Himalayan foothills of Northern India. Today, it is widely grown all over the world as a major commercial spice crop. Ginger plant grows to about a meter in height and features thin grass like dark-green leaves and small yellow flowers.

    Description


    The root from the West Indies is considered the best. Also imported from Africa, there are several varieties known in commerce. Jamaica or White African is a light-brown colour with short rhizome, very pungent. Cochin has a very short rhizome, coated red-grey colour. 'Coated or uncoated' is the trade term for peel on or skinned. Green Ginger is the immature undried rhizome. Preserved Ginger is made by steeping the root in hot syrup. Ginger is a perennial root which creeps and increases underground, in tuberous joints; in the spring it sends up from its roots a green reed, like a stalk, 2 feet high, with narrow lanceolate leaves; these die down annually. The flowering stalk rises directly from the root, ending in an oblong scallop spike; from each spike a white or yellow bloom grows. Commercial Ginger is called black or white, according to whether it is peeled or unpeeled; for both kinds the ripened roots are used, after the plant has died down.

    The black are scalded in boiling water, then dried in the sun. The white (best) are scraped clean and dried, without being scalded. For preserve young green roots are used- they are scalded and are washed in cold water and then peeled. The water is changed several times, so that the process takes three or four days. The tubers are then put into jars and covered with weak syrup; this is changed after a few days' soaking for a stronger syrup, which is again changed for a still stronger one.

    The discarded syrups are fermented and made into a liquor called 'cool drink'; a few drops of chloroform or chloride are generally added to the preserve to prevent insects breeding in it. Ginger flowers have an aromatic smell and the bruised stem a characteristic fragrance, but the root is considered the most useful part of the plant, and must not be used under a year's growth. The peeling has to be done very thinly or the richest part of the resin and volatile oil is lost. It is sometimes soaked in lime-juice instead of plain water, and the colour is improved by a final coating of chalk. The Chinese fresh Ginger is grated into powder.

    African and Cochin Ginger yield the most resin and volatile oil. The root must be kept in a dry place, or it will start growing and is then spoilt. The odour of Ginger is penetrating and aromatic, its taste spicy, hot and biting; these properties are lost by exposure. The most common adulterants are flour, curcuma, linseed, rapeseed, the hulls of cayenne pepper and waste ginger.

    Galangal
    (Alpinia galanga), also known as blue ginger, is closely related herb that is used extensively in East Asian regions, especially in Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesian cuisine. Galangal has mild, subtle flavour and less pungent than ginger.

    Medicinal Action and Uses


    Stimulant, carminative, given in dyspepsia and flatulent colic excellent to add to bitter infusions; especially valuable in alcoholic gastritis; of use for diarrhoea from relaxed bowel where there is no inflammation. Ginger Tea is a hot infusion very useful for stoppage of the menses due to cold, externally it is a Rubefacient. Essence of Ginger should be avoided, as it is often adulterated with harmful ingredients.

    Fresh ginger, dry ginger powder, oleoresin and oil are used in food processing. In medicine, it is used as carminative and stimulant. It has wider applications in indigenous medicines. The ginger oil is used as food flavourant in soft drinks.

    Botanical name -Zingiber officinale Roscoe

    Family name
    - Zingiberaceae

    Commercial part
    - The rhizome

    Indian Names

    Hindi : Adrak
    Bengali : Ada
    Gujarati : Adu
    Kannada : Shunti, Ardraka
    Malayalam : Inchi
    Marathi : Ale
    Oriya : Ada
    Punjabi : Adrak
    Sanskrit : Ardraka
    Tamil : Inji
    Telugu : Allamu, Sonthi
    Urdu : Adrak, Adhrak


    Name in international languages

    Spanish : Jengibre
    French : Gingembre
    German : Ingwer
    Swedish : Ingefara
    Arabic : Zanjabil
    Dutch : Gember
    Italian : Zenzero
    Portuguese : Gengibre
    Russian : Imbir
    Japanese : Shoga
    Chinese : Chiang

    Nutritional Facts and Value -

    Ginger is a light brown-coloured medicinal spice that is grown underground. It is commonly used as a spice in cooking. Ginger is used as a home remedy for several diseases due to the variety of minerals and vitamins within it. Ginger is extremely rich in potassium. It also has a good amount of minerals like iron, magnesium, calcium, and phosphorus. Ginger also has a small amount of iron, sodium, zinc, manganese, and selenium.

    Vitamin Content -

    Ginger contains vitamin E, A, and vitamin C. It also contains folate and choline.

    Caloric Content -
    100 grams of ginger has 347 calories.


  4. #4
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    Re: Healthy Herbs

    Ginger –1
    Health Benefits of Ginger Root

    Ginger has been in use since ancient times for its anti-inflammatory, carminative, anti-flatulent, and anti-microbial properties. Total antioxidant strength measured in terms of oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) of ginger root is 14840 µmol TE/100 g.

    The root contains health benefiting essential oils such as gingerol, zingerone, shogaol, farnesene, and small amounts of β-phelladrene, cineol, and citral. Gingerols help improve the intestinal motility and have been anti-inflammatory, painkiller (analgesic), nerve soothing, anti-pyretic and anti-bacterial properties. It decrease nausea induced by morning sickness or pregnancy and help relieve migraine headache.

    Zingerone, a chemical compound which gives pungent character to the ginger root, is effective against E.coli induced diarrhea, especially in children.

    This herb root only has 80 calories per 100 g and contains no cholesterol. It composes many essential nutrients and vitamins such as pyridoxine (vitamin B-6), pantothenic acid (vitamin B-5) that are required for optimum health.

    Furthermore, the herb also contains a good amount of minerals like potassium, manganese, copper, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure.

    Ginger is used as a home remedy for colds, cough, and asthma congestion. It is commonly used for relief from indigestion and other stomach-related problems, nausea related to morning sickness, and morning sickness. Ginger also relieves the pain associated with arthritis and muscle problems.

    Medicinal Uses


    Ginger root slices, boiled in water with lemon or orange juice, and honey, is a popular herbal drink in Ayurvedic medicine to relieve common cold, cough, and sore throat.

    Its extraction is used as a vehicle to mask bitterness and after-taste in traditional Ayurvedic preparations.

    Gingerols increase the motility of the gastrointestinal tract and have analgesic, sedative, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial properties and help reduce nausea caused by morning sickness or pregnancy and may relieve migraine.
    Ginger root (Zingiber officinale),
    Fresh, Nutrient value per 100 g
    (Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
    Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
    Energy 80 Kcal 4%
    Carbohydrates 17.77 g 13.5%
    Protein 1.82 g 3%
    Total Fat 0.75 g 3%
    Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
    Dietary Fiber 2.0 g 5%
    Vitamins
    Folates 11 µg 3%
    Niacin 0.750 mg 4.5%
    Pantothenic acid 0.203 mg 4%
    Pyridoxine 0.160 mg 12%
    Vitamin A 0 IU 0%
    Vitamin C 5 mg 8%
    Vitamin E 0.26 mg 1.5%
    Vitamin K 0.1 µg 0%
    Electrolytes
    Sodium 13 mg 1%
    Potassium 415 mg 9%
    Minerals
    Calcium 16 mg 1.6%
    Copper 0.226 mg 25%
    Iron 0.60 mg 7.5%
    Magnesium 43 mg 11%
    Manganese 0.229 mg 10%
    Phosphorus 34 mg 5%
    Zinc 0.34 mg 3%



  5. #5
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    Re: Healthy Herbs

    Ginger –2

    Health Benefits


    Absorption

    It
    improves the absorption and stimulation of essential nutrients in the body by stimulating gastric and pancreatic enzyme secretion.
    Anti-ageing Benefits:

    Ginger contains around 40 antioxidant compounds that protect against ageing. It improves the appearance of the skin by removing toxins and stimulating circulation, resulting in delivery of more nutrients to the skin.

    The antioxidants prevent damage from free radicals, improve elasticity and slow down the signs of ageing.

    Anti-flatulence


    Its carminative (gas expulsion) property provides relief from bloating and gas and helps reduce flatulence. It is advisable to take ginger in doses of 250 to 500 mg 2 to 3 times a day to get relief from flatulence.
    Anti-Inflammatory –

    It contains very potent anti-inflammatory compounds called gingerols and analgesic property. People with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis experience relief of pain and/or swelling and improvements in their mobility when they consume ginger regularly.


    Adding ginger oil to the bath can help relieve muscle and joint ache and for muscle strain, application of a mixture of warm ginger paste and turmeric gives relief.

    Appetite
    -

    Ginger can get your digestive juices going and increase your appetite.


    Arthritis
    -

    The analgesic and anti-inflammatory property of ginger may help reduce joint pain of arthritis in some people. To help relieve muscle and joint ache, add some ginger oil to the bath.

    Blood Circulation


    It
    contains chromium, magnesium and zinc which can help to improve blood flow, and prevent chills, fever, and excessive sweat.

    Vitamins, minerals and amino acids in ginger can help restore and improve blood circulation that help to decrease the chance of cardiovascular problems and prevent fat from depositing in the arteries and thereby help to prevent heart attacks and stroke.


  6. #6
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    Re: Healthy Herbs

    Ginger –3

    Health Benefits

    Cancer -

    Ginger root contains a very high level of antioxidants and has the ability to induce cell death (apoptosis) and suppress certain protein.

    Ginger may be a powerful weapon against cancers. Gingerols, the main active components in ginger inhibit the growth of human colorectal cancer cells.


    Ovarian Cancer -

    Gingerols, the active phytonutrients in ginger, kill ovarian cancer cells by inducing apoptosis (programmed cell death) and auto phagocytosis (self-digestion). Ginger extracts have been shown to have both antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumour effects on cells.


    A pro-inflammatory state is thought to be an important contributing factor in the development of ovarian cancer. In the presence of ginger, a number of key indicators of inflammation (vascular endothelial growth factor, interleukin-8 and prostaglandin E2) were also decreased in the ovarian cancer cells.

    Ginger has special benefit for ovarian cancer patients because cancer cells exposed to ginger do not become resistant to its cancer-destroying effects.

    Ovarian cancer is deadly since symptoms do not appear until late in the disease process and by the time ovarian cancer is diagnosed, it has spread beyond the ovaries.
    Colon Cancer:

    Ginger has the ability to slow the growth of colorectal cancer cells, due to the fact that it defends against cell damage and associated disease caused by free radicals. It decreases cancer cell proliferation and suppresses mechanisms that initiate cancer cell activation.

    Cold and Flu
    -

    It has been used for thousands of years as a natural treatment for colds and flu. To treat cold and flu symptoms in adults, steep 2 tbsp. of freshly shredded or chopped ginger root in hot water, two to three times a day.



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    Re: Healthy Herbs

    Ginger –4

    Health Benefits

    Diabetic Nephropathy:

    Ginger has been found to be effective in reducing the incidence of diabetic nephropathy (kidney damage). Diabetic patients are often advised to drink ginger in water early in the morning to regulate their glucose levels.

    Digestion


    Eat ginger as it improves absorption and assimilation of essential nutrients and aids in digestion. It helps to break down the proteins in the food. Ginger protects the stomach against ulcers by promoting mucus secretion.

    It is useful in improving digestion and increasing absorption of food and can bloating after eating too much.

    Gastro-Intestinal –

    Ginger is very effective in alleviating symptoms of gastrointestinal distress. In herbal medicine, ginger is regarded as an excellent carminative (a substance which promotes the elimination of intestinal gas) and intestinal spasmolytic (a substance which relaxes and soothes the intestinal tract).

    Ginger reduces all symptoms associated with motion sickness including dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and cold sweating.


    Stomach Discomfort

    It
    is ideal in assisting digestion, improving food absorption and avoiding possible stomach ache and appears to reduce inflammation in a similar way to aspirin and ibuprofen.

    Headache –


    Applying diluted ginger paste on the forehead is believed to relieve migraine headache. The ability of ginger to inhibit prostaglandin synthesis helps relieve pain and inflammation in blood vessels thereby providing relief from migraine

    Heart –


    Consuming a little bit ginger a day can help foil potential risk of a stroke by inhibiting fatty deposits from the arteries.

    It decreases the chance of cardiovascular problems and prevents fat from depositing in the arteries and thereby help to prevent heart attacks and stroke.


    Heartburn:

    Ginger has been used as a natural remedy for the treatment of heartburn. Ginger tea is very effective for this purpose.


  8. #8
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    Re: Healthy Herbs

    Ginger –5

    Health Benefits

    Immunity

    It
    helps improve the immune system. It can help strengthen the immunity due to the high levels of antioxidants in ginger.

    Menstrual Discomfort and Cramp

    Taking ginger at the beginning of the menstrual period can reduce symptoms of menstrual pain in some women.

    Ginger tea with brown sugar is often used in the treatment of menstrual cramps in Chinese medicine.

    Soaking a towel in warm ginger tea and apply it to the lower abdomen may help to relieve the pain and relax the muscles.

    And also drinking a cup of ginger tea with honey will give maximum benefit.


    Migraines:

    Ginger has the ability to provide migraine relief as it can inhibit prostaglandins from causing pain and inflammation in blood vessels.

    Applying diluted ginger paste on the forehead provides relief from
    migraine headache.

    Morning Sickness:


    Research has proved that ginger is as effective as vitamin B6 in treating morning sickness. Thus, it is often recommended to pregnant women for preventing their morning sickness.

    Motion Sickness
    -

    It
    is a known effective remedy for the nausea associated with motion sickness.

    Drinking a cup of ginger tea before travelling can help prevent the nausea and vomiting associated with motion sickness.


  9. #9
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    Re: Healthy Herbs

    Ginger –6

    Health Benefits

    Nausea and Vomiting:

    Chewing ginger can reduce nausea and vomiting. It has been found to be effective in treating sensations of nausea associated with surgery or motion sickness, sea sickness etc. It can also treat nausea caused as a result of chemotherapy.
    Nausea and Vomiting during Pregnancy –

    Ginger is very useful in reducing even the most severe form of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, which usually requires hospitalization.

    Unlike vomiting drugs, which can cause severe birth defects, ginger is extremely safe, and only a small dose is required.


    Respiratory Problems

    It can help relieve congestion associated with the common cold. Ginger’s antihistamine property helps in treating allergies and known to inhibit airway contraction and help stimulate the secretion of mucus.

    Good for persistent cough and sore throat associated with colds.

    A teaspoon of ginger juice with honey is effective against sore throat.

    Ginger tea is an all-time favourite to get rid of congestion in the throat
    and nose. Fresh ginger juice mixed with fenugreek and honey is good for asthma.

    A cup of ginger tea is good for the respiratory symptoms associated with environmental allergies.


    Stress

    It has calming properties that may help lower your stress and tension.

    This is thought to be due to a combination of the strong aroma and healing properties.


  10. #10
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    Re: Healthy Herbs

    Ginger – 7


    SKIN BENEFITS:

    In addition to its medicinal value, ginger has been used in skincare as well. It is often used in a number of commercial products to improve skin. Ginger juice is often applied topically to treat several skin issues.

    Soothes Burns:

    Applying fresh ginger juice can give relief from the pain as well as heal burnt skin by restoring it to the natural position.

    Rub fresh ginger slice on the skin 2 to 3 times a day to fade the scars within 6 to 12 weeks. Ensure to use a fresh ginger slice each time for topical application.

    Clears Blemishes and Acne:


    Being a powerful antiseptic and cleansing agent, ginger helps to keep the skin clean, smooth, free of blemishes invigorates, stimulates the skin and the best natural acne fighting weapon as it minimizes the rate of acne formation and eruption by killing and clearing the acne causing bacteria.

    Hypo-pigmented Scars (white scars):


    Hypo-pigmented scars occur when the skin loses its pigmentation and are generally white or much lighter than the actual skin tone. Ginger can reduce the appearance of hypo-pigmented skin to a significant extent.

    Cut a sliver of fresh ginger and dab it on the hypo-pigmented areas and leave it for some time. A slight improvement will be seen within a week or two. However, this should be done every day without fail for noticeable results.

    Tones Skin:


    Ginger is known for its aphrodisiac, antioxidant and toning properties which contribute to radiant skin.

    A mask can be prepared by mixing 2 grated gingers with 2 tablespoons honey and 1 teaspoon lemon juice and refrigerate it for at least 30 minutes.

    Apply it on the face and rinse with cool water after 30 minutes. This will nourish and soften the skin and prevent ageing.


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