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Valuable Vegetables


Discussions on "Valuable Vegetables" in "Healthy and Nutritive Foods" forum.


  1. #11
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    Re: Valuable Vegetables

    Useful sharing friend, thanks for your effort.


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    Re: Valuable Vegetables

    Basella (Vine Spinach) 4


    Basella Alba, or Malabar Spinach, is a very fast growing vine native to Tropical Africa to Asia. Vines will reach 30 feet (9.1 m) long in one growing season. Dark green, fleshy leaves are broadly ovate to 5 inches (12.7 cm) long. Malabar Spinach is planted in the tropics as a substitute for spinach.

    It has an agreeable flavor and can be eaten raw or cooked. They are interesting plants to grow, are of easy culture, and make a great tropical looking vine in the landscape.

    Blooming
    :

    Plants in the greenhouse almost bloom non-stop. The inflorescence is a simple spike in the axils of leaves. The small pinkish white flowers are followed by hard black seeds.

    Culture
    :

    Basella Alba will grow in full sun to partial shade and prefer a rich moist soil mix. The soil should be slightly acid with a pH of 6.5-6.1. The plants are well watered and allowed to dry slightly before watering again.

    During the winter months, it is good to withheld and reduced watering but not to the point of causing leaf to die.


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    Re: Valuable Vegetables

    Basella (Vine Spinach) –5

    Growth:

    Basella Alba can be grown by cutting and from seed. The hard black seeds germinate best if soaked in water overnight and sown. Seed germinate quickly in 7-14 days after sowing.

    Vine spinach, also known as Malabar or climbing spinach, is a food item commonly found in tropical Africa and Southeast Asia.

    It has a slight thicker, more succulent leaf than regular spinach and a more intense flavor. It is high in vitamins A and C, iron, and calcium.

    Physical Description


    Vine spinach grows, as its name suggests, on a vine, producing dark green heart-shaped leaves that are about five inches across at maturity.

    Interspersed among the leaves are small pink flowers that eventually change to small black seeds as the plant matures.

    The Basella rubra variety has a reddish vine instead of a green one, and its leaves have a slight reddish tinge around the edges and on the underside as well.

    Colours: Green, dark green, red, burgundy, pink


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    Re: Valuable Vegetables

    Basella (Vine Spinach) – 6

    Selecting and Buying

    Seasonality:

    January, February, march, September, October, November, December

    Peak
    :

    January, February, October, November, December

    Choosing
    :

    Select dark green leaves that are crisp and have no visible signs of wilting or mold.

    Buying
    :

    Vine spinach is widely found at markets in Asia and Africa, but is a bit more difficult to find in the United States and Europe.

    The best place to look for this leafy green is in Asian food stores. .

    Procuring
    :

    Vine spinach thrives in hot and humid conditions.

    It may be grown in hot, dry climates, but leaves may not mature properly.

    Cold and icy environments will prevent this vine from growing and may kill it.

    The vine should be planted in loamy soil and fertilized with a combination of organic and inorganic fertilizers.

    It can be left to grow along the ground or trained to grow around stakes or other vertical structures.


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    Re: Valuable Vegetables

    Basella (Vine Spinach) – 7

    Preparation and Use

    The leaves can be washed added directly to salads and soups, or chopped and sprinkled on seafood such as fish, clams and crab.

    Cleaning
    :

    Vine Spinach should be washed thoroughly with water or a vegetable rinse to remove all soil, sand and fertilizer residue.

    Conserving and Storing


    Vine spinach should be dried thoroughly and loosely packed into a plastic bag or container, where it can be stored in the refrigerator for up to three days.


  6. #16
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    Re: Valuable Vegetables

    Basella (Vine Spinach) – 8

    Red Vine Spinach (Basella Alba) is a fast-growing, soft-stemmed plant.

    The leaves are heart shaped, thick and succulent. The mucilaginous plant is very similar to the regular spinach when it comes to taste and grows up to 10 m in length.

    The reason why it is called “Red Vine Spinach" is because of the reddish purple stem (cultivar Basella Alba 'Rubra').

    The easy growing plant can be a part of your edible garden, in a region that gets good sunlight and has an organic well drained soil (pH ranging 5 to 8).

    Botany


    It is a succulent, branched, smooth, twining herbaceous vine, several meters in length. Stems are purplish or green.

    Leaves are somewhat fleshy, ovate or heart-shaped, 5 to 12 centimetres long, stalked, tapering to a pointed tip with a coordinate base.

    Spikes are axillary, solitary, 5 to 29 centimetres long. Flowers are pink, about 4 millimetres long. Fruit is fleshy, stalk less, ovoid or nearly spherical, 5 to 6 millimetres long, and purple when mature.

    Distribution



    Found in settled areas, in hedges, old cultivated areas, etc., throughout the Philippines, in tropical Asia, Africa, and Malaya.


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    Re: Valuable Vegetables

    Basella (Vine Spinach) – 9

    Constituents

    Phytochemical screening of various extracts yielded cardiac glycosides, saponins, tannins, flavonoids, terpenoids, carbohydrates, and reducing sugars.

    Study isolated Basella saponins A, B, C, and D, oleanane-type triterpenes oligoglycosides, together with betavulgaroside 1, spinacoside C, and momordins IIb and IIc, from fresh aerial parts.

    Leaves yield saponins, vitamin A and B.

    Fruit yields mucilage and iron.

    Study of wild Basella rubra showed it to be abundant in carotene, middle in vitamin C, and low in nitrate.

    Nitrate in planted B. rubra is about twice that of the wild variety.

    Properties


    When cooked it is Aperient, Demulcent, Diuretic, Emollient, Laxative, Rubefacient and Mucilaginous.


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    Re: Valuable Vegetables

    Basella (Vine Spinach) – 10


    Overview

    Originally from India; this is a very common, fast growing vegetable in Suriname; grown as a perennial.

    Ceylon spinach is a tender and fast growing, climbing tropical vine; growing up to 12 feet tall.

    It has thick heart shaped leaves and white flowers and is high in vitamin A, vitamin C, iron, and calcium; also a good source of chlorophyll.

    They have succulent mucilage (a thick gluey substance produced by most plants) that is uses as a thickener in soups.

    Only the leaves and young stems are eaten; they are used in salads or steamed with tofu and ginger.

    The taste is similar to spinach.

    The fruits contain a red dye that has been used for official seals; this dye has also been used as rouge on the skin of the face and as a food colour.

    The variety Basella rubra has red flowers and a bright purple- red stem; both alba and rubra are edible but the green leaved cultivars that are commercially cultivated, belong to the Basella alba.


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    Re: Valuable Vegetables

    Basella (Vine Spinach) – 11

    Nutritional Benefits of Red Vine Spinach


    1. The green leafy vegetable is a rich source of vitamins like vitamin A, Vitamin C, Iron and Calcium. They are great for salads as they are low in calories and rich in protein.

    2. The Malabar Spinach is widely used in the southern coast of India as they grow well in humid climatic conditions. The semi succulent plant is high in fiber that helps in fastening digestion process.

    3. Since the Red Vine Spinach is fibrous it is used to thicken soups and raita. The spinach, garlic and chili are a common combination in all the recipes of the Malabar region.

    4. Even in the north east part of India (Bengal), the Malabar spinach is particularly used while cooking Hilsa fish and in the Bangladesh cuisine, the mucilaginous plant plays an important role while preparing some tasty fish delicacies.

    5. In Orissa, the spinach is used to make Curries and Saaga and in Maharashtra it is reserved for making delicious bhajis.

    6. In Andhra Pradesh, tasty Kanda Bachali Koora (the Yam and Basella curry) is very popular and spicy. The Kannadigas prepare tasty Rasam, sambar and yogurt salads with special spinach variety. Just simply chewing the leaves is also said to give a quick relief from mouth ulcer.

    7. Not just India, but many other Asian countries widely use the spinach variety in their culinary. It's popularly called the flowing water vegetable and is an all-time available vegetable in many Chinese/Vietnamese/
    Korean grocery stores, and markets. In Vietnam, particularly in the north, Basella leaves are cooked with crab meat, luffa and jute for soups. Many African countries also use the spinach shoots in their cooking.


  10. #20
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    Re: Valuable Vegetables

    Basella (Vine Spinach) – 12

    Scientific, Common and Other Vernacular Names


    Scientific names Common names
    Basella rubra Linn. Alugbati (Bis.)
    Basella alba Linn. var. rubra Arogbati (Bik.)
    Basella lucida Linn. Dundul (Sul.)
    Basella cordifolia Linn. Grana (Tag.)
    Luo kui (Chin.) Ilaibakir (Ilk.)
    Libato (Tag.)
    Climbing Ceylon spinach (Engl.)
    Malabar nightshage (Engl.)
    Red vine spinach (Engl.)
    Spinach vine (Engl.)
    Yan zhi cai (Chin.)



    Other vernacular names
    ASSAMESE: Ronga puroi, Ronga puroi sak.
    BENGALI: Puishak.
    CHINESE: Mu er cai, Hong teng cai, Hong chan cai, Zi luo kui, Zi ruan teng, Zi bei teng cai.
    FRENCH: Baselle rouge, Epinard de Malabar tiges rouges.
    HINDI: Lalbachlu, po.
    INDIA: Poi.
    JAPANESE: Kuki no akai shin tsurumurasaki, Shin tsuru murasaki.
    KANNADA: Basaḷe kempu.
    MALAYALAM: Basella cheera, Vashala cheera.
    PORTUGUESE: Bertalha.
    RUSSIAN: Bazella krasnaia.
    SANSKRIT: Upodika.
    SINHALESE: Vel niviti.
    TAMIL: Kodippasali, Koṭippacaḷi, Pasalai keerai, Vasalakirrai.
    TELUGU: Erra allubaccali.
    THAI: Phak pang, Phak plang, Phak plang yai, Po deng chai.
    VIETNAMESE: Mongtoi.



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