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Obesity is linkes to infertility

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    Obesity is linkes to infertility

    Obesity is linkes to infertility

    A bulging belly was once considered a sign of prosperity in our country; this is no longer the case as study after study reveals links between abdominal fat accumulation and potentially life threatening diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disorders, osteoarthritis, infertility and certain types of cancers.

    The excess accumulation of fat in the body is referred to as obesity. Most people are conscious that obesity alters one’s physical appearance but are unaware that it also disrupts the delicate balance of hormones inside the body. One such health condition is infertility. Today, we will discover how obesity is directly linked to infertility in both men and women…

    Ovulatory Dysfunction Due to Obesity

    This disruption in the body’s hormonal balance makes obesity a serious risk factor for infertility in both men and women. According to Dr. Abhay Agrawal, Laparoscopic and Bariatric Surgeon Centre for Obesity Control, Agrawal Clinic and Asian Heart Institute, “Ovulatory dysfunction is a major factor leading to infertility in obese women. Irregularity in the levels of hormones such as androgen, estrogen and progesterone can actually alter a woman’s menstrual cycle. Optimal levels of these hormones are absolutely essential for pregnancy and conception. Fat deposits in the ovaries can also upset embryonic development and result in miscarriages.”

    Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Obesity

    Dr. Manish Motwani, Laparoscopic Weight loss and General Surgeon, Aastha Health Care, says that, “A major cause of female infertility and sub fertility is a condition known as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), wherein a large number of small cysts appear in the ovaries as a result of hormonal imbalances.”

    Disruptions in a woman’s ovulation and menstrual cycle as a result of unhealthy weight gain can negatively impact the reproductive system, leading to difficulties in conceiving. Hence lifestyle modifications such as disciplined eating habits, increased level of daily physical activity and regular exercise are important for maintaining a healthy body weight. While these conventional means of weight loss may work well for obese and overweight individuals, the morbidly obese (individuals with a body mass index greater than 37.5kg/m2) find it nearly impossible to lose weight through diet and exercise alone.

    Morbid obesity results in permanent changes in the metabolism, and hence, is now considered a medical disorder which requires clinical treatment through bariatric or weight loss surgery. Bariatric surgery has been accepted as the most effective solution for achieving sustained weight loss for morbidly obese patients.

    Low Sperm Production, Erectile Dysfunction and Obesity

    The cases of obesity related infertility in women have been well documented. It may however come as a surprise that there is a strong link between increased body weight and low sperm production and erectile dysfunction.

    According to Dr. Motwani, “The ability to sustain an erection depends on a complex interplay of sensory nerves and blood vessels and frequent breakdown in the sequence of events leading to erection is known as erectile dysfunction disorder”. Dr. Agrawal adds that, “Obesity is strongly linked to infertility in men. Fat cells produce estrogen and men with more fat cells have at any given time more estrogen circulating through their bodies as compared to their normal weight peers. The most common cause for male infertility is abnormal sperm production”.

    Obesity is the root cause of several medical complications. Hence, the treatment for obesity related infertility in men and women must include a focused approach towards treating obesity itself. While genetic factors leading to obesity may be largely out of one’s control, lifestyle modifications can play an important role in maintaining healthy body weight and improving one’s quality of life.

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    Last edited by Parasakthi; 26th Dec 2011 at 10:30 AM. Reason: Alignment



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