Vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy term is considered as threatened miscarriage. In medical terms, a miscarriage is also referred to as a spontaneous abortion. Vaginal bleeding is common in early pregnancy, which occurs during first few months. Most of women stop bleeding and have a normal pregnancy, while complications increase for some. Cervical os remains open in case miscarriage remains incomplete; as a consequence pregnancy is expelled.

In order to treat this condition, cervical os, i.e, mouth of the womb is closed. A pelvic exam is conducted to determine if cervical os is open. In this condition, womb and fallopian tubes may become tender. On the brink of miscarriage, bleeding becomes heavier, abdominal pain increases and body starts to cramp.

Symptoms of a Spontaneous Miscarriage

Vaginal bleeding and abdominal pain are the two prominent signs of spontaneous miscarriage. If a woman experiences these during pregnancy, she needs to get it herself checked.

1. Vaginal Bleeding

It might be a slight spotting, or could be heavy bleeding. Health expert will ask you for the volume of bleeding along with its frequency to determine the exact extent. In addition, expert will also ask about blood clots or tissue passed for assessing the situation.

2. Abdominal Pain

Pain and cramping of lower abdomen are the foremost indicators of spontaneous miscarriage. One could experience abdominal pain either on one side, or both, or in the middle. This pain transfers to the lower back, and moving further to the buttocks and the genitals.

Causes of Miscarriage

Some of the factors identified as the causes for miscarriage are mentioned below:

  • Abnormal fetus often leads to miscarriage. This happens within first trimester, initial 3 months of pregnancy term. The likelihood of genetic dysfunction causing abnormal fetus increases with age.
  • Abnormality in the mother like disorder of internal female organs can also cause miscarriage during fourth to sixth months of pregnancy term (second trimester).
  • Chronic maladies like diabetes, kidney ailments, high blood pressure and underactive or overactive thyroid gland are plausible reasons of a miscarriage.
  • Inadequate production of ovarian hormone is another aspect that leads to miscarriage.
  • Acute infections like measles, mycoplasma and emotional shock, could also be responsible for miscarriage.
  • Among other reasons for miscarriage could be normal womb, fibroids, carrying several babies, poor muscle tone in the mouth of the womb and abnormal growth of the placenta.
  • Excessive caffeine, alcohol, tobacco and other drugs might cause miscarriage.


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