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மெய்ப்பொருள் - Child Protection


Discussions on "மெய்ப்பொருள் - Child Protection" in "Newborn and Infants" forum.


  1. #11
    rameshshan's Avatar
    rameshshan is offline Commander's of Penmai
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    Re: மெய்ப்பொருள் - Child Protection

    7. Justice for children should be based on child rights. Depriving children of their liberty (incarcerating them) must always be a last resort. Procedures that are sensitive to children should be put in place for children who are victims or witnesses of crime.

    SUPPORTING INFORMATION
    Placing children who have committed crimes or have been accused of committing crimes in a detention centre, prison or reform school or any other closed setting should always be a last resort. Detention can be detrimental to children’s development and make reintegration into society more difficult.

    Alternatives such as mediation, community service and counselling produce better results for children and their families and communities. Such alternatives are generally more respectful of children’s rights and help children learn how to take on a more constructive role in society. This should be the objective of all justice interventions concerning children.

    The majority of children in detention have not committed a serious offence. They are often detained for dropping out of school, running away from home, using alcohol, begging or vagrancy. Some children are in detention because they have been exploited by adults through prostitution or drug dealing.

    Children can remain in detention for months or years awaiting review of their case. These children are at higher risk of violence, exposure to drugs, HIV infection and other health problems. Detention can interrupt their schooling and distance them from family. Children in detention generally need a social protection response, not a judicial one.

    Children who are in detention should:

    ● be separated from adult offenders
    ● have their cases addressed within a short time frame
    ● be separated by gender
    ● have appropriate means to report violence committed against them while in detention.


    Pregnant women and mothers with children in detention need special protection, care and support. All children in these circumstances are entitled to protection of their rights, such as access to health care and education.

    Child-sensitive procedures for boys and girls should be put in place for child victims and witnesses of crime. Such procedures should:

    ● prevent contact between the child and the alleged perpetrator (the person who is accused of committing the crime)
    ● allow for the child’s full participation in the justice process
    ● ensure that the child is treated with dignity and compassion.




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    gkarti likes this.
    "Don't be Serious, be Sincere."!!

    Ramesh

  2. #12
    rameshshan's Avatar
    rameshshan is offline Commander's of Penmai
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    Re: மெய்ப்பொருள் - Child Protection

    8. Income support and social welfare services can help keep families together and children in school and ensure access to health care.

    SUPPORTING INFORMATION
    Households that need income support and social welfare services may be headed by the elderly, widows, children or individuals who are sick or disabled. This can include families affected by HIV.

    Income support and social welfare services can provide children and families the means to:

    ● purchase food
    ● pay for or access health care and education
    ● keep families together
    ● keep children out of institutional care or from working or living on the street
    ● help families break out of the cycle of poverty.


    The government and local authorities, with support from civil society, can help identify families in need. They can assist families with income support and social welfare services such as counselling and legal aid. It is important to ensure that families do not face discrimination related to accessing or using the services.

    Information on income support and social welfare services can be provided through various communication channels, including health centres, schools and community centres; during community meetings and events; and through radio and loudspeaker announcements.


    gkarti likes this.
    "Don't be Serious, be Sincere."!!

    Ramesh

  3. #13
    rameshshan's Avatar
    rameshshan is offline Commander's of Penmai
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    Ramesh shanmugam
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    Re: மெய்ப்பொருள் - Child Protection

    9. All children have a right to age-appropriate information, to be heard and to participate in making decisions that concern them. Fulfilment of this right enables children to take an active role in their own protection against abuse, violence and exploitation, and to become active citizens.

    SUPPORTING INFORMATION
    From a very early age, including during infancy, girls and boys form and express views and interests. As they grow so does their ability to participate in decisions that concern them and their families and communities.

    Children and adults should actively and consistently talk to each other, sharing information and ideas in the home, school and community. The exchange should be based on mutual respect. Children’s views should be listened to and taken seriously in accordance with the child’s age and maturity.

    Girls and boys who express their opinions freely are more likely to assume responsibilities, develop critical thinking and communication skills, and make informed decisions as they grow. They are often able to:

    ● learn and perform better in school
    ● contribute to making responsible decisions regarding their education and health
    ● protect themselves against sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, unwanted pregnancy, bullying, bias, discrimination, harassment, violence, abuse and exploitation
    ● learn and practise active citizenship and grow into adults who will be ready to exercise their rights and responsibilities.

    Children are avid users, producers and subjects of media, a powerful source for influencing opinion and perceptions among children. Different forms of media can be used responsibly to broaden children’s knowledge, inform them on how to protect themselves and develop their citizenship skills.

    Children-led associations or clubs can give girls and boys a place to voice their ideas, perspectives and concerns. Such clubs provide an opportunity for them to socialize and develop their interests and leadership skills.


    gkarti likes this.
    "Don't be Serious, be Sincere."!!

    Ramesh

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