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China's One Child Policy - ஒரு குழந்தைக்கு மேல் பெற்றுக் கொள்ள&#


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  1. #1
    tnkesaven is offline Yuva's of Penmai
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    China's One Child Policy - ஒரு குழந்தைக்கு மேல் பெற்றுக் கொள்ள&#

    சீனாவில் ஒரு குழந்தைக்கு மேல் பெற்றவர்களிடம் இருந்து ரூ.16,740 கோடி அபராதம் வசூலிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளதாம் . மக்கள் தொகையை குறைப்பதற்காக சீன தேசத்தில் இந்த கடுமையான சட்டம் அரங்கேறியுள்ளது . ஆனால் , இதற்கு சீனாவில் கடும் எதிர்ப்பு கிளம்பியுள்ளது . பிள்ளைகள் எத்தனை பெற்றுக் கொள்ள வேண்டும் என்பதை பெற்றோர்கள் தான் முடிவு செய்ய வேண்டுமே தவிர அரசு முடிவு செய்யக் கூடாது . என்று எதிர்த்து பேசியுள்ளனர் .
    மேலும் இந்த அபராதத் தொகையால் அரசு தன் வருவாயைப் பெருக்கிக் கொள்கிறது . ஒரு குழந்தைக்கு மேல் தாய் கர்ப்பமாக இருந்தால் வலுக்கட்டாயமாக அந்த தாயை கருக் கலைப்பு செய்ய வைப்பது சரியானது அல்ல என்று எதிர்பாப்பாளர்கள் தங்கள் கருத்து தெரிவித்துள்ளனர் .

    உலக மக்கள் தொகையில் சீனாவிற்கு அடுத்த படியாக இந்தியா இருக்கும் நிலையில் இந்த மாதிரியான சட்டமெல்லாம் ஏன் நம் நாட்டில் வரவில்லை என்று தெரியவில்லை .

    நம் நாட்டில் சலுகைகளுக்கு எப்போதும் பஞ்சமில்லை . பெண் குழந்தை பிறந்தால், இலவச திட்டங்கள் என்று அறிவிப்பதை விட மக்கள் தொகையைக் கட்டுப்படுத்த கடுமையான நடவடிக்கையை நிச்சயம் எடுக்க வேண்டும் .

    வறுமையின் பிடியில் இருந்தாலும் ஆண் வாரிசுக்காகக் காத்திருக்கும் நம் சமூகத்தில், ஒரு குடும்பத்தில் நான்கு குழந்தைகள் பெற்றுக் கொள்வதெல்லாம் சாதாரணமாக நடந்து வருகிறது .

    இன்னும் வளர்ச்சியடையாத கிராமங்கள் தவிர்த்து மற்ற இடங்களில் இரண்டு குழந்தைக்கு மேல் பெற்றுக் கொள்ளவதில்லை என்ற போக்கும் நிலவி வருகிறது .

    மக்கள் தொகைப் பெருக்கத்தில் மனித வளம் இங்கு பெருமளவு உபரியாக இருந்து வருகிறது . அதற்கு இணையாக வேலைவாய்ப்புகள் அதிகரிக்க நடவடிக்கை எடுக்க வேண்டும் .
    அதோடு மக்கள் தொகை குறைப்பிற்கு சீனாவைப் போன்ற சட்டங்கள் இந்திய மண்ணில் அவசியம் வேண்டும் .

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  2. #2
    sumitra's Avatar
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    Re: China's One Child Policy - ஒரு குழந்தைக்கு மேல் பெற்றுக் கொள்ī

    நம் நாட்டில் வாக்கு சீட்டு எண்ணிக்கையை நம்பி அரசியல் நடத்தும் நம் தலைவர்கள் மக்கள் தொகை அதிகமானால் மிக்க மகிழ்ச்சி அடைகிறார்கள். ஒரு குறிப்பிட்ட மதத்தை சார்ந்தவர்கள் சகட்டு மேனிக்கு பத்து பனிரெண்டு பிள்ளைகளை ஒவ்வொரு குடும்பத்திலும் பெற்று தள்ளுகிறார்கள். ஒரு குறிப்பிட்ட சமூகத்தில் ஆண் குழந்தை பெறும்வரை ஓயாமல் வருடத்திற்கு ஒன்று வீதம் குழந்தை பெற்று கொண்டே இருக்கிறார்கள். எப்படி எந்த சட்டம் கொண்டு வந்து மக்கள் தொகையை கட்டுப்படுத்துவது?


  3. #3
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    Re: China's One Child Policy - ஒரு குழந்தைக்கு மேல் பெற்றுக் கொள்ī

    மிகவும் உண்மையான கருத்துக்கள் .

    ஒவ்வொரு கணவன் மனைவியும் , நாடு நலன் + வீட்டு நலன் இரண்டையும் மனதில் வைத்து , அவர்களாகவே ஒரு குழந்தையோடு நிறுத்திக் கொண்டால் , முதலில் , அந்தத் தம்பதியர் சுபிட்சமாக வாழ்ந்து , குழந்தையை , வறுமை அண்டாமல் , நல்ல படிப்பைக் கொடுத்து , நல்லதொரு குடிமகனாக வளர்க்கலாம் . இதனால் நன்மை அடையப் போவது , முதலில் அவர்கள் , பிறகு நாடு .

    Jayanthy





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    Re: China's One Child Policy - ஒரு குழந்தைக்கு மேல் பெற்றுக் கொள்ī

    How to control the population in India ?

    Population explosion is the main obstacle to the smooth development of the Indian economy. Since this problem is getting intense day by day, it is obvious to take appropriate measures to keep it under control by lowering the birth rate.
    1.Rise in Per-capita Income:
    Demographic history of various advanced countries shows that there is an inverse relationship between per-capita income and a country’s birth rate. When per-capita income increases, people don’t desire more children in order supplement their income. In other words, with increase in per-capita income, people feel more secure and do not want to depend on their children. Dumont, a noted demographer has developed the “Social Capillarity Thesis” to explain this relationship between birthrate and per-capita income. Therefore, rapid economic development is very much essential to control the already high birth rate. However, this increase in per-capita income will have its positive impact on birth rate after a period after a period of time.
    2. Urbanization and Industrialization
    In the Indian society we have joint family system which encourages a high birth rate. Hence this joint family has to be replaced by nucleus family. A nucleus family is generally found in an urbanized and industrialized economy. Hence our efforts should be to industrialize and urbanize our economy to reduce the high birth rate.
    3. Late Marriage
    In India girls marry at an early age and a longer span of time to reduce children. Hence we have to raise the minimum age to marriage in our country in order to control the birth rate. A UN report has pointed out, there would be a significant decline of birth of seven per thousand, if the average age of marriage of females were to rise from 16 to 20years.
    4. Lowering Infant Mortality Rate
    In India, infant mortality rate is very high and stands at 72 per thousand. Poor people, in order to ensure that some children do survive, reproduce more. Therefore, widespread vaccination and proper child and maternity care should be undertaken to reduce the infant mortality rate.
    5. Spread of Education
    In India, 48 percent of total population are illiterate. They regard children as the gift of God and are not conscious about the evils of population growth. To move illiteracy and blind belief, spread of education is very much essential. An educated man can rightly understand the benefit of a small family norm.
    6. Women education and employment
    In India, only 32.92 percent of women are literate and much less are employed. The Government, therefore, should take effective steps to spread women education and create employment opportunities for them so that they can understand the evils of population growth and control it by themselves.
    7. Family Planning Facilities
    In India, family planning facilities are available only in the urban centres and semi-urban areas. So poor people of rural areas don’t get these facilities easily. Therefore, family planning centres with trained personnel should be set up in rural areas to prove this facility at their doorstep. This can very much help in lowering the birth rate.
    8. Incentives:
    The Government should provide both monetary and real incentives to people for adopting family planning measures. The funds for the purpose should be properly utilised.
    9. Publicity
    The massage of family planning should reach the people of rural areas. For this there should be widespread publicity in the new paper, radio and T.V. people should be convinced that no birth control device is harmful and small family is a happy family.
    10. Legislation
    Family planning is a voluntary measure. However, Government should enact laws for directly lowering the birth rate. The Government can make laws in this field of raising the minimum age of marriage, compulsory education up to high school level, termination of pregnancy and abolition of child labour. In fact, the Govt. of India has already enacted laws in these regards.

    Courtesy: preservearticles.com



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    Re: China's One Child Policy - ஒரு குழந்தைக்கு மேல் பெற்றுக் கொள்&

    Population Control measures largely ineffective In India.
    The fast rate of growth of population has affected the quality of life of the Indian populace. The time has come when future citizens while in educational institutions should understand various issues related to the population problem.


    In some places there is no drinking water. People started migrating to cities where they can get some water and work. People will start fighting for food, water and place to live. The birth rate in India (31 per thousand people) is greater than that of China (20 per thousand people). If this trend continues, India will beat up China by 2025 A.D.


    Population is a problem wherein various other problems are key factors. These may be a lack of basic education and poor economic conditions. The population problem cannot be solved by clinics alone. The assumption that people have no access to family planning methods is only partly true and in any case is not the root of the problem. Population has remained a problem because EDUCATION continues to be a problem. "


    India, the second most populous country in the world, has no more than 2.5% of globalland but is the home of 1/6th of the world's population. The prevailing high maternal,infant, childhood morbidity and mortality, low life expectancy and high fertility andassociated high morbidity had been a source of concern for public health professionals’right from the pre-independence period. The Bhore Committee Report (1946) laid the foundation for health service planning in India and gave high priority to provision ofmaternal and child health services and improving their nutritional and health status.



    It was recognised that population stabilisation is an essential prerequisite for sustainability of development process so that the benefits of economic development result in enhancement of the well being of the people and improvement in quality of life. India became the first country in the world to formulate a National Family Planning Programme in 1952, with the objective of "reducing birth rate to the extent necessary to stabilise the population at a level consistent with requirement of national economy". Thus, the key elements of health care to women and children and provision of contraceptive services have been the focus of India’s health services right from the time of India’s independence. Successive Five Year Plans have been providing the policy framework and funding for planned development of nationwide health care infrastructure and manpower. The Centrally Sponsored and 100% centrally funded Family Welfare Programme provides additional infrastructure, manpower and drugs, vaccines contraceptives and other consumables needed for improving health status of women and children and to meet all the felt needs for fertility regulation.


    Who is responsible?
    Population, if continues to increase at the same rate, it will destroy the country. Lack of initiative by the government together with sleeping people of India, are responsible for this destructive problem. People are not realizing the problem. One day the result will be riots, fighting over food, water. India will be the largest slums creator. All cities will be like fish markets with people everywhere. Traffic will move like the ants party. Everybody will scream, shout, but nobody will listen.


    Efforts made so far
    Just because they have been ineffective, it does not mean that efforts have not been made so far. Many individuals and groups have put in genuine enthusiastic attempts at curbing this surge in population but due to circumstances beyond their control these have remained largely unsuccessful.
    Failure of Population Control Policies


    India is first among the countries which adopted an official family planning programme, as early as 1950. However, fifty years later this has not prevented the population touching the one billion mark. It is obvious that despite good intentions and concerted efforts we have failed in controlling our population. Considering the seriousness of the situation it is appropriate to introspect and ascertain as to what went wrong. The problem, though very complex, can be discussed under two headings:
    (i) the available methods for contraception and
    (ii) the users.


    It is obvious now that there cannot be an ideal contraceptive, suitable for everybody. A careful choice has to be made among the current available methods, depending on the gender, country, socio-religious and cultural practices. According to available information the most accepted methods are the two terminal methods, vasectomy in the case of the male, and tubectomy in the case of the female. These are methods of choice for all those who have completed their family size and to use them is a conscious decision made by the couple. The next most commonly used methods are the barrier methods, still popular in spite of a high failure rate. The other methods such as the use of contraceptive pills, intrauterine devices and injectables are used by a relatively small percentage of the population. It is also evident that except for the barrier method and vasectomy there are no methods available for male contraception, in contrast to the variety of methods available and in use for the female. Does this mean that the available methods are not adequate for the requirements and this inadequacy is the reason for uncontrolled population growth? The answer is firmly in the negative.


    The available methods are more than adequate but what is lacking is the will to use them. This brings in the philosophical question as to what is meant by will and why the will is not there. It is for this reason that it was mentioned earlier that the issue of the user is a complex one. The users are both male and female, and with limited options available to the male, the entire burden of limiting the family is shouldered by the female. However, except for a miniscule percentage of the female population, the majority are passive participants in the process with no decision-making capacity. It is in this context that population control was given a new dimension, namely reproductive health, which to a large extent centres around the female. The concept of reproductive health recognizes the diversity of the special health needs of women before, during, and beyond child bearing age, as well as the needs of men and the quality of life of the people involved.

    Courtesy: vhemtindia


  6. #6
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    Re: China's One Child Policy - ஒரு குழந்தைக்கு மேல் பெற்றுக் கொள்ī

    Thanks for info Kesavan anna.......

    Education is important .....Appo thaan makkal sindhithu oru or iru kulandhaigaludan niruthuvaanga ......... or else evlo sattam pottalum oru maatramum varaadhu .............

    tnkesaven and Subhasreemurali like this.
    Priya


  7. #7
    nsumitha is offline Citizen's of Penmai
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    Re: China's One Child Policy - ஒரு குழந்தைக்கு மேல் பெற்றுக் கொள்ī

    interesting info. thanks for sharing


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