Parents' manual for emergencies

If you have a small child, accidents are inevitable, no matter how much you baby-proof the house.

As is the case with almost everything involving small children, it is best that you rush them to the hospital for medical attention. But there is much you can do to control damage and provide

Snorting it up
Curious to see what everything smells like, your child could find the most unlikely things up his/her nose - pen caps, marbles, ball bearings, etc. If the object is stuck right at the opening of the nose, you can try to pry it out with a (hair) plucker. However, it is best to take the child to the
hospital where a doctor can attend to him or her. "While trying to dislodge the foreign object, you could push it further up the nose," "The nasal passage is connected to the throat, through which the object could reach the lungs. So it is best that a doctor looks at it." As your child can
continue breathing through the mouth, there is no immediate threat to his well-being while you are waiting to see a doctor.

Lump in the throat
If you're new to parenthood, be warned: a lot of small things could disappear down the digestive tract of your child. There is no real remedy but to allow the foreign object to be downloaded the natural way in two to three days. However, you should take him/her to a hospital to get an X-Ray.

There are several stops where the coin or marble may get stuck - the stomach outlet, throat or the lower intestinal tract. An X-ray will reveal if this happens and then an endoscopy may be required.

Medicinal facials
As a rule, keep all medicines and balms out of children's reach in locked cabinets. But they might still get their hands on these and rub it all over their body and face, mimicking an adult beauty regime, only to be rewarded by a burning sensation. Should this happen, wash it off using room
temperature water and apply Lacto Calamine lotion to sooth the irritation.

Choke on this
If your child is choking, depending on the age, there are two First Aid procedures you could follow.

For an infant, place him or her stomach-down across your forearm and give five forceful blows using the heel of your palm .

For a small child, stand behind him/her. Place a fist right above the navel, with the thumb folded inwards, thumb-side facing the abdomen. Grip the fist with the other
palm, from below. Thrust upwards as if to eject the object

Sticky situations
Fingers and skin stuck together after unfortunate experiments with strong glues can be pried apart using acetone, vegetable oil, ghee or medicinal alcohol. Dab the area with any of these remedies
and wait for it to dissolve the glue. If it doesn't help, call your doctor.

Unfriendly bites
In occasion of a bite from a stray dog or cat, the first thing you must do is wash the bite with soap and water for a full five minutes. It's imperative to follow this to the letter and rub with soap and water for a full five minutes to wash the worst of the infection. Later, apply an antiseptic and go
see your doctor.

Everything is not food
Perchance the child's taken a swig of phenyl or perfume, or a bite of crayon, anything else that looks appetising at two-feet tall, do not try to induce vomiting. Get to the doctor and carry the container from which the child has eaten or drunk. Want to know something vomitinducing?

Human faeces, though disgusting, are not medically harmful. If your infant has playfully inserted some of his/her doo-doo in its mouth or ear, wash it off and change the diaper. Just no kisses for a few hours.

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