Decoding the symptoms of Autism

Also known as the Autism Spectrum Disorder or Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Autism is a disorder of lack of communication, social interactions and repetitive behaviour generally found in children.

Its symptoms can vary from person to person; right from problems in talking to lack of concentration or attention, in extreme cases a child with Autism might even lose the art of talking. Although there is no scientific cure for Autism, its symptoms can be worked upon with the help of a communication or behavioural therapist.

Understanding Autism
Autism is a multifaceted developmental disability and a neurological disorder. This disorder affects the normal functioning of a brain, affecting an individual's communication and social interaction skills. People with Autism have strong issues with their non-verbal communication skills too. It is a wide spectrum disorder, which means that no two people with Autism will have the exactly same symptoms.

No #1 symptom of Autism: Social skills
A child with Autism may feel clumsy socially. He or she might suddenly feel offended, without any strong reason. In some extreme cases, the person with Autism might not be interested to talk to the other person at all and might just lock himself out of the conversation. A child with Autism lacks basic talking and playing skills and would require counselling and prescribed medication by a healthcare provider.

No #2 symptom of Autism: Empathy
A child with Autism will find it really hard to understand the feelings of other people. He or she would fail to take into account other's feelings and would fail to impart his/her ideas, feelings or thoughts to others. He/she would rather feel like locking himself/herself out in a different room for days and cut off all kind of social interactions. It is believed that a child with Autism can have grave psychological backlog even though he comes out of the disease later in his/her life.

No #3 symptom of Autism: Physical contact
Children with high levels of Autism might just avoid being cuddled or touched, unlike other children. A child with Autism will react in a totally indifferent way at the time of physical contact. A child with Autism will also find loud noises totally unpleasant. He or she may have radically different behaviours in case there is a loud noises, or in the presence of some typical types of smells, and lights.

No #4 symptom of Autism: Isolated behaviour
Autism, in a few unfortunate cases, can be so severe that it can even affect the relationship between the mother and child. Children with Autism fail to show a level of bonding with his/her parents, which is easily revealed in their social interactions, facial expressions and body postures. Also, there is hardly any interest as far as involvement in normal-age social activities is concerned. Generally aloof, children with Autism are usually unable to establish basic social interactions and prefer keeping themselves totally isolated.

Myths about Autism
Unlike the general perception, children with Autism might have the feelings of love, happiness and sadness, same as everybody else. The differentiator, however, is that they are not as expressive in their feelings as other children. Do note that if someone in your social or family circle has Autism, he or she is a normal individual who requires extra special attention and care based on his or her Autism degree. The treatment for Autism is purely based on an education or a vocational program and might call for unique medical attention. The cause of Autism is yet unknown and the myth that immunisation causes Autism is entirely baseless and false.

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