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OCD - Obsessive - Compulsive Disorder


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    OCD - Obsessive - Compulsive Disorder

    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder(OCD) is relatively common Anxiety disorder.. Note it is not a Disease... Due to lack of knowledge and recongnistion the individuals having OCD will take many years to get diagnosed and treated.

    At some point during the course of the disorder, the person recognizes that the obsessions or compulsions are excessive or unreasonable.
    The obsessions or compulsions cause marked distress, are time consuming or significantly interfere with the person's normal routine, occupational or academic functioning, or usual social activities or relationships.



    Obsession Symptons:
    • Recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses, or images are experienced at some time during the disturbance as intrusive and inappropriate and cause marked anxiety and distress. Persons with this disorder recognize the pathologic quality of these unwanted thoughts (such as fears of hurting their children) and would not act on them, but the thoughts are very disturbing and difficult to discuss with others.
    • The thoughts, impulses, or images are not simply excessive worries about real-life problems.
    • The person attempts to suppress or ignore such thoughts, impulses, or images or to neutralize them with some other thought or action.
    • The person recognizes that the obsessional thoughts, impulses, or images are a product of his or her own mind (not imposed from without, as in thought insertion).

      Compulsion Symptoms
    Compulsions are defined by the following 2 criteria:
    • An individual performs repetitive behaviors (eg, hand washing, ordering, checking) or mental acts (eg, praying, counting, repeating words silently) in response to an obsession or according to rules that must be applied rigidly. The behaviors are not a result of the direct physiologic effects of a substance or a general medical condition.
    • The behaviors or mental acts are aimed at preventing or reducing distress or preventing some dreaded event or situation. However, these behaviors or mental acts either are not connected in a way that could realistically neutralize or prevent whatever they are meant to address or they are clearly excessive.


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    Last edited by nlakshmi; 2nd Nov 2011 at 12:04 AM.
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    Re: OCD - Obsessive - Compulsive Disorder

    Obsession Commonly Associated Compulsions
    Fear of Contamination Washing,Cleaning.
    Need for Symmetry, precise Arranging Ordering, arranging, balancing, straightening until "just right"
    Unwanted sexual or aggressive thoughts or images Checking, praying, “undoing” actions, asking for reassurance
    Doubts (eg, gas jets off, doors locked) Repeated checking behaviors
    Concerns about throwing away something valuable Hoarding


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