Sleep disorder in Children

“There is only one thing people like that is good for them; a good night's sleep
Edgar Watson Howe

Children and adolescents need at least nine hours of sleep per night. Sleep problems and a lack of sleepcan have negative effects on children's performance in school, during extracurricular activities,
and in social relationships.

A lack of sleep may cause:

Accidents and injuries

Behavior problems

Mood problems

Memory, concentration, and learning problems

Performance problems

Slower reaction times

Sleep problems are classified into two major categories. The first is dyssomnias.

In children, dyssomnias may include:

Sleep-onset difficulties

Limit-setting sleep disorder

Inadequate sleep hygiene

Insufficient sleep syndrome

Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)

The second class of sleep disorders is parasomnias.

Examples of common parasomnias include:


Night terrors


Rhythmic movement disorders such as head banging or rocking

Positive steps for Helping Your Child's Sleep Problem

Establish a regular time for bed each night and do not vary from it.

Similarly, the waking time should not differ from weekday to weekend by more than one to one and a half hours.

Create a relaxing bedtime routine, such as giving your child a warm bath or reading a story.

Do not give children any food or drinks with caffeine less than six hours before bedtime.

Make sure the temperature in the bedroom is comfortable and that the bedroom is dark.

Make sure the noise level in the house is low.

Avoid giving children large meals close to bedtime.

Make after-dinner playtime a relaxing time as too much activity close to bedtime can keep children awake.

There should be no television, radio, or music playing while the child is going to sleep.

Infants and children should be put to bed when they appear tired but still awake (rather than falling asleep in the parent's arms, or in another room). Parents should avoid getting into bed with a child in order to get them
to sleep. If this is difficult, they should consult their pediatrician or sleep specialist

Kids witht Restless Legs Syndrome

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is not unusual in children 8 years of age and older. This neurological sleep disorder causes a creeping, crawling sensation in the legs (and sometimes in the arms) that creates an
irresistible urge to move.

Restless legs syndrome may have a strong genetic component. Children with sleep tremors or restless
legs syndrome may have difficulty falling asleep. That can result in daytime fatigue and irritability.

Sleep experts suggest that elementary-aged children should get 10 to 11 hours of sleep each night.
Preschool-aged children should sleep about 11 to 13 hours a night.

Talk to your child's pediatrician about ways to treat RLS in children.

If your child is sleep walking, wetting the bed, or experiencing other sleep disturbancessuch as night terrors, talk with your child's doctor. Sometimes, emotional stress is the culprit.
In most cases of emotional stress, the problem can be easily resolved with a few behavioral interventions.


Slightly more than one out of every 10 children snore habitually. Snoring can be caused by different problems.
For example, chronic nasal congestion, enlarged adenoids, or huge tonsils that block the airway can all cause snoring.

Snoring can be harmless. But it can also result in poor quality of sleep and changes in the child's sleep-wake cycle.
Because of restless sleep and frequent awakenings, there is diminished daytime alertness.
That can lead to dramatic alterations in mood and energy.

A few children who snore may have a more serious problem called obstructive sleep apnea or OSA.

Obstructive sleep apnea is a common problem in children today.

symptoms of sleep apnea in children include:

Nighttime snoring with occasional pauses

Gasping or choking

Children with snoring and OSA often have large tonsils and/or adenoids. Many are obese and/or havean allergic disease

Sleep apnea is associated with the following consequences:

Abnormal growth and development


Behavioral and learning problems

Treatment for children who either simply snore or who have OSA may include:

Weight loss

Managing allergic rhinitis

Nasal steroids


Removal of the adenoids and tonsils -- as a last resort

Sleepwalking and Bedwetting

sleepwalking, teeth grinding (bruxism), and bedwetting -- are not unusual among children.
Also, sleepwalking is more common in boys than in girls. Sleepwalking may result from an immature central nervous .consult your childspecialist for help

Bedwetting may continue well into the elementary years for both girls and boys. While bedwetting is sometimes due to anxiety or other emotional issues, in most children, nothing is wrong.

Night Terrors

The child has a sudden arousal from sleep with extreme agitation, screaming, crying, increased heart rate,
and dilated pupils. Like sleep walking, night terrors seem to be linked to an immature central nervous system
and are often outgrown. These sleep terrors usually begin after age 18 months and disappear by age 6.

A good laugh and a long sleep are the best cures in the doctor's book ~

Best wishes,

Similar Threads: