Could I have a fertility problem?

If you're under 35 and have been trying to get pregnant for less than a year (or less than six months if you're over 35), you have no reason to be cconcerned yet. To make sure you're doing all you can to enhance your chances of getting pregnant, Check for the importance of timing intercourse, detecting ovulation, and tracking your basal body temperature and cervical mucus.

If you're under 35 and have had frequent unprotected sex for more than a year (or at least six months if you're over 35) without conceiving, there's a good chance that you or your partner may have a condition that's interfering with your chances of conceiving but only a doctor can diagnose a fertility problem for sure.

Researchers estimate that as many as one in ten couples has trouble getting pregnant. If you're one of them, that doesn't mean you'll never have children. Many struggling couples as many as 50 percent within the first year go on to have children on their own, but many will need medical intervention to get pregnant. Read on to learn more about conditions that can interfere with fertility.
What factors are linked to fertility problems?

If any of the following conditions or activities applies to you or your partner, tell your doctor. Waiting a full six months or a year to try to conceive naturally may be a waste of your time.

For women:

A history of:
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Blocked fallopian tubes from an infection or previous surgery
  • Sexually transmitted infection such as chlamydia or gonorrhea
  • Painful or irregular periods
  • Excessive facial and body hair
  • Pelvic or abdominal surgery
  • DES exposure in utero (DES is a drug that was given to pregnant women to preventmiscarriages between 1941 to 1971.)
  • Chronic illness such as diabetes, cancer, or thyroid disease

Or if you currently:
  • Smoke
  • Are more than 25 percent under- or overweight

For men:A history of:
  • Infection with the mumps virus after puberty
  • Chronic illness such as diabetes, cancer, or thyroid disease
  • Undescended testicles
  • Testicular tumors, cysts, or cancer or varicoceles

Or if you currently:
  • Take medications such as some steroids or antihypertensives
  • Smoke tobacco or marijuana
  • Use a hot tub or sauna regularly
  • Go on frequent long-distance bicycle rides

What should I do if I suspect a problem?Talk to your primary care doctor or gynecologist. You should feel free to bring up any concerns or fears no matter how long you've been trying to get pregnant.


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