Diet plays an important role in the treatment of diabetes. The diet may be used alone or in combination with insulin injections or oral hypo glycaemic drugs.

The diet plan of an individual is based on height, weight, age, sex, physical activity and nature of diabetes. One should consider the following points while planning a diabetic diet:

  • Determining energy requirements
  • Determining the type of carbohydrates, fibre and food preparations
  • Presence of any other complication such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels etc.

In case of insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, the energy intake is based on needs for normal growth and development, physical activity and maintenance of desirable body weight
  • It is important to control the amount and time of food intake.
  • Meals should not be missed.
  • Consider the likes and dislikes of the patient.
  • Try to substitute the craving for sweet by taking some fruit.
Foods to be avoided:
Glucose, sugar, honey, all sweets, chocolates and candies.

Foods to be restricted:

Potatoes, yam, arbi, sweet potatoes, mangoes, grapes, bananas, alcoholic beverages, fried foods, paranthas, poories, pakoras, mathris, deep fried foods, dry fruits, salad oils, cakes and pastries.

Foods to be used freely:

Green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, cucumber. radish, soups, buttermilk, tea and coffee without sugar.

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