5 Types of Throat cancer - Illustrated

Nishahameetha

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There are 6 different types of throat cancer. They often develop around the mouth region like on the mucosal surfaces of the larynx, pharynx or mouth, thus leading to different types of the throat cancer.

Vocal Cord Cancer:
Often called as the cancer of the larynx is a type of throat cancer developed in the tissues of the larynx. The larynx is a small passage below the pharynx in the neck. The symptoms maybe like sore throats or pain while swallowing the foods or a change in the voice or a small lump in the throat. Even pain in the ears is a symptom for it. The treatments for this type of cancer are therapy like radiation therapy, chemotherapy and sometime maybe surgery to take out the cancer.

The surgery to remove this cancer is common option which involves the removing the cancer and part of the larynx.


Laryngeal Cancer:

Cancer of the larynx or the voice box is a type of cancer similar to the vocal card cancer. The symptoms of this cancer are similar to the vocal card cancer like the sore throat or pain in the larynx. These types of cancer are diagnosed with the laryngoscopy. In this method a special type of tube with lights are send down to the patient throat to examine the causes.


Thyroid Gland:

The thyroid gland cancer is a type of throat cancer in which the thyroid gland may grow abnormally leading to the formation of tumors. The thyroid is a gland that is located at the base of the throat. The main purpose of this gland is to secrete hormones that regulate many parts of the body. The main reason for the disease in the thyroid gland is either over-active or under-active nature of the thyroid gland. There are four different types of thyroid gland. They are papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic thyroid cancers. Each type grows at different rate so the effect of this cancer depends upon the type.


Nasopharyngeal Cancer:

This type of cancer occurs in the region called the nasopharynx. The nasopharynx is a small area in the back of the nose towards the base of the skull. Though it is a type of throat cancer it is different from the other types. It has the highest risk factor than most of other types. Thy symptoms of this type are trouble breathing, hearing or speaking, nose bleeding etc. These types of cancer are diagnosed with the nasoscope. There are four stages of this cancer.


Hypo pharyngeal Cancer:

This is a type of cancer in which cancer cells forms in the tissues of the hypo pharynx. The bottom part of the pharynx is called as the hypo pharyngeal. The basic risk factors for this type of cancer include tobacco consumption in any form and excess alcohol. Even diet without proper nutrition may cause this cancer. These types of cancer are diagnosed with the Barium esophagogram, Esophagoscopy, Bronchoscopy and Biopsy.
 

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