Adoption rules in india!!!

kirthika99

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#1
Some Adoption rules in India

1.
Who is allowed to adopt a child?


  • In India, an Indian, Non Resident Indian (NRI), or a foreign citizen may adopt a child.
  • A single female or a married couple can adopt a child.
  • A single male is usually not eligible to be an adoptive parent(some exceptions re there)
  • A single man desiring to adopt a child may be eligible if he applies through a registered agency. However, he will still only be able to adopt a male child2.
 
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kirthika99

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2. Conditions to be fulfilled by an adoptive parent:


  • An adoptive parent should be medically fit and financially able to care for a child.
  • A person wishing to adopt a child must be at least 21 years old
  • For a child who is less than a year old, the adoptive parents can have a maximum combined age of 90 years. Also, neither parent must be older than 45 years.
  • In the case of adoption of older children, the age of the parents may be relaxed accordingly.
  • The upper age limit for an adopted child is 12 years while for an adoptive parent it is 55 years.
  • In all cases, the age of the parent cannot exceed 55 years.
 
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kirthika99

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3.Laws governing adoption

  • Indian citizens who are Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, or Buddhists are allowed to formally adopt a child under the Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act of 1956
  • Under this act, a single parent or married couple are not permitted to adopt more than one child of the same sex.
  • Foreign citizens, NRIs, and those Indian nationals who are Muslims, Parsis, Christians or Jews are subject to the Guardian and Wards Act of 1890.
  • Under this act, the adoptive parent is only the guardian of the child until she reaches 18 years of age.
  • There is also a Juvenile Justice Act of 2000, a part of which deals with adoption of children by non-Hindu parents.

 
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kirthika99

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4.Can a parent ask for a specific child?


  • An adoptive parent is allowed to ask for a child, as per her preferences. For example a parent may ask for a child of a certain age, gender (if it is the first child in the family), skin colour, religion, special features, health condition, etc.



  • When a child with the desired characteristics is found, she is shown to the prospective parents. In case the parents are unhappy with the selection, about two more children with the same characteristics may be presented to the parents.
 
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