Anemia – Causes, Symptoms, Types and Treatment!!

gkarti

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What is Anemia??

Anemia is a condition in which the body has fewer amounts of red blood cells which is unable to cope up with body’s demand for oxygen. Blood hemoglobin count falls below the regular level for a person suffering from anemia. Due to this less amount of oxygen is supplied to the body tissues. This results in fatigue and other medical complications.


Causes of Anemia

Iron is the major source to produce hemoglobin. Anemia is caused due to iron deficiency. The deficiency of iron is not the only factor as there are several other reasons. It can be due to sudden blood loss or from improper diet. Most of the women after conceiving a child suffer from iron deficiency which eventually leads to anemia. There are also cases in which anemia can occur due to genetic disorder.


Symptoms of Anemia

There may not be any prominent symptom found in people suffering from anemia. The usual symptoms are weakness and dizziness. When the disease reaches later stages some symptom may appear. These include short breath, sourness of gums and mouth and headaches. In some cases, the skin color appears to be pale due to iron deficiency.

Usually pregnant women are more susceptible to this disorder. But it can also affect teenagers and children as well. The main reason being, the regular diet does not have sufficient amount of iron, folic acid and nutrients.

The following are the different types of anemia that is usually found in anemic patients.
Iron Deficiency Anemia

When body has little iron in the blood stream it is called as Iron deficiency anemia. This is more common in adolescents and in women before menopause. Blood loss from heavy periods, internal bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract, or donating too much blood can all contribute to iron deficiency and hence iron deficiency anemia. Poor dietary habits and chronic intestinal diseases are the other causes for this anemia.

Symptoms:

1. Headache
2. Irritability and
3. Paleness

More severe iron deficiency anemia symptoms include:

1. Rapid heartbeat
2. Brittle hair and nails and
3. Dyspnea

Treatment:

1. Iron supplements can be taken orally and
2. Change in daily diet.


Folic Acid Deficiency Anemia​

If there is any lack of folic acid in the blood stream then it is called as Folic acid deficiency anemia. Folic acid is usually found in vegetables. If a person takes less or no amount of vegetables then he is likely to suffer from this deficiency. Frequent intake of alcohol is also one of the common causes for this anemia to occur. Side effect of other blood disorders also forms a decisive factor for this deficiency.

Symptoms:

1. Weakness
2. Fatigue
3. Memory lapses and
4. Irritability

Treatment:

1. Diet rich in folic acid
2. Intake of beef liver, asparagus, and red beans which are rich in folic acid.


Pernicious Anemia

Pernicious anemia occurs due to lack of vitamin B12. It usually affects people between the ages of 50 and 60. The disease can also be hereditary in nature. People who have or suffer from any autoimmune diseases are more likely to get pernicious anemia.

Symptoms:

1. Fatigue
2. Dyspnea
3. Heart palpitations and
4. Numbness or tingling in extremities


Aplastic Anemia

If there is absence or reduction of red blood cells then it is due to aplastic anemia. If the blood tissue in bone marrow is destroyed due to injury aplastic anemia can occur. Due to this the person suffering from this anemia is unable to fight infection and this results in heavy bleeding. The possible known cause of this anemia is hepatitis virus and exposure to certain toxins.

Symptoms:

1. Lethargy
2. Paleness
3. Purpura
4. Bleeding
5. Rapid heartbeat
6. Infections and
7. Congestive heart failure


Sickle Cell Anemia

Sickle Cell Anemia results due to abnormal type of red blood cells. It is hereditary in nature and is one of the life threatening diseases with no prevention. Leg ulcers, shock, cerebral hemorrhage, and orthopedic disorders are the complications found in this type of disease.

Symptoms:

1. Painful attacks in arms, legs and stomach
2. Jaundice in whites of the eyes
3. Fever
4. Chronic fatigue
5. Rapid heartbeat and
6. Paleness

Polycythemia Vera​

Polycythemia Vera is characterized by an increase in red blood cells, leucocytes, and thrombocytes. It usually occurs in middle ages. There is unusual, very fast and intense reproduction of cells and the bone marrow cells mature more rapidly than usual. The cause of this condition is unknown.

Symptoms:

1. Purplish colored skin
2. Bloodshot eyes
3. Headache
4. Dizziness
5. Enlarged spleen

The above mentioned anemic deficiencies though seem overwhelming can be cured with proper medication and good diet.
 

jv_66

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Thanks Karthi, for the detailed explanation about Anaemia and it's symptoms along with cure.
 

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