Balanced Diet

Parasakthi

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#1
A ‘balanced diet‘ is one which contains both the right quantity and the right types of food. Our body needs depend on our build sex, how active we are and our metabolic rate. The right types of food are important because the body needs a wide range of nutrients in varying amounts in order to function healthily.
A balanced diet must contain carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins, mineral salts and fiber. It must contain these things in the correct proportions.

  • Carbohydrates: these provide a source of energy.
  • Proteins: these provide a source of materials for growth and repair.
  • Fats: these provide a source of energy and contain fat soluble vitamins.
  • Vitamins: these are required in very small quantities to keep you healthy.
  • Mineral: these are required for healthy teeth, bones, muscles etc..
  • Fiber: this is required to help your intestines function correctly; it is not digested.
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Parasakthi

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#2
FUNCTIONS OF CARBOHYDRATES:

  • Carbohydrates spare protein so that protein can concentrate on building, repairing, and maintaining body tissues instead of being used up as an energy source.
  • For fat to be metabolized properly, carbohydrates must be present. If there are not enough carbohydrates, then large amounts of fat are used for energy. The body is not able to handle this large amount so quickly, so it accumulates ketone bodies, which make the body acidic. This causes a condition called ketosis.
  • Carbohydrate is necessary for the regulation of nerve tissue and is the only source of energy for the brain.
  • Certain types of carbohydrates encourage the growth of healthy bacteria in the intestines for digestion.
  • Some carbohydrates are high in fiber, which helps prevent constipation and lowers the risk for certain diseases such as cancer, heart disease and diabetes.
 

Parasakthi

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#3
FUNCTIONS OF PROTEINS:
  • Proteins are required for building and repair of body tissues (including muscle)
  • Enzymes, hormones, and many immune molecules are proteins
  • Essential body processes such as water balancing, nutrient transport, and muscle contractions require protein to function.
  • Protein is a source of energy.
  • Protein helps keep skin, hair, and nails healthy.
 

Parasakthi

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#4
FUNCTIONS OF FAT

  • Fat provides needed energy.
  • Fat is needed so our body can absorb the fat soluble vitamins A, D, E, K, and prevent deficiencies of these vitamins.
  • Provides back-up energy if blood sugar supplies run
  • Provides insulation under the skin from the cold and the heat.
  • Protects organs and bones from shock and provides support for organs.
  • Fat surrounds and insulates nerve fibers to help transmit nerve impulses.
  • Fat is part of every cell membrane in the body. It helps transport nutrients and metabolites across cell membranes.
  • Our body uses fat to make a variety of other building blocks needed for everything from hormones to immune function
 

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