Common vaginal infections

sudhar

Commander's of Penmai
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#1
[h=2]About common vaginal infections[/h]
Certain types of bacteria live naturally inside the vagina. They produce acid, which helps to fight off other bacteria, as well as viruses and fungi that don't normally live in the vagina. Anything that lowers the acidity of the vagina can cause a vaginal infection.
Vaginal infections are common. For example, half to three-quarters of women will have thrush in their lives.


[h=2]Symptoms of common vaginal infections[/h]t's normal and healthy for a woman of childbearing age to have a vaginal discharge. The amount and colour of the discharge can change during your menstrual cycle, sexual excitement and pregnancy.

Symptoms of a vaginal infection include:

  • unusual vaginal discharge (may be unusual in colour and smell unpleasant)
  • irritation and soreness of the vulva (the skin around the outside of the vagina) vaginal itching
  • pain during sex
  • bleeding after sex
  • abdominal pains
  • redness, swelling, lumps, blisters, or ulceration of the vulva or anus pain when passing urine
It's important that you see your GP if you have any of these symptoms.
 

sudhar

Commander's of Penmai
Joined
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Location
chennai
#2
[h=2]Causes of common vaginal infection[/h]
Certain types of bacteria live naturally inside the vagina. Many factors such as hormonal changes, stress, or even using soap to clean the genital area can unbalance the acid levels in your vagina. This can cause bacteria living naturally inside the vagina to grow more than usual and cause a vaginal infection.


A foreign body, such as a forgotten tampon, can also encourage bacteria to grow and cause an infection. Rarely, it can produce a life-threatening complication known as 'toxic shock syndrome'.
Vaginal infections can also be caused through unprotected sexual intercourse or skin-to-skin contact. These are known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs).


[h=2]Prevention of common vaginal infection[/h]
Chlamydia, gonorrhoea, genital warts and herpes, and trichomoniasis are transmitted by skin-to-skin contact, such as during unprotected sexual intercourse. All sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are preventable. A condom provides good protection against many STIs.
You can reduce your risk of having thrush or BV by:

  • wearing cotton pants and changing them daily.
  • not using perfumed soaps or feminine hygiene sprays
  • not using vaginal douches - they disturb the natural protective acidity of the vagina
 

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