Emergency Care - Everyone Must Know it - அவசர சிகிச்சை

PriyagauthamH

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#1
Hi Friends ,

I am going to try and cover some common medical emergencies in this thread ......... Excuse the language used ......I will be using Tamil, English and Tanglish ..........


First and foremost should carry a medical card with the following info :

1.Every one should know their blood group and their rhesus status ......

2. Always know about any drug allergies you have ...If you have reacted to any medication adversely do note it's name and also the symptoms you suffered ......eg itching or throat swelling etc....

3.Any medical conditions you suffer from ....

4.List of any medication you take on a normal day to day basis .....

5.An emergency contact number (ICE)....

6. Your physician's details.....

You can type these info and print it and Laminate it ....Carry it on your person/Pocket or Bag all the Time ........... This sure helps a great deal .....

Also allergy bands are available and you can wear one with name of allergen on it ........

Keep it up to date ....

Medication:

If you suffer from medical problems and have been prescribed medication then do (your prescription's copy too)carry it where ever you go ....esp - inhalers ,epipen, glucose if diabetic, glyceryl nitrate tablets or sprays etc.....

Check for the expiry dates too ...........

Some drugs interact --- If your doctor has mentioned you to avoid a particular medication because it does not agree with any long term life saving medication you are on do include it in your list ......

Always consult a doctor ....Do not buy over the counter at pharmacies without a physician's advice .... This applies to simple antibiotics too .....

When travelling with young children it is a very good idea to carry a firstaid kit ,thermometer and any medication for common ailments .....



I will try to cover Hypoglycemia (Low sugar ), Simple faint , Panic attacks ,
Heart attacks and CPR , Choking ............

This Article has been published in Penmai eMagazine Feb 2014. You Can download & Read the magazines HERE.



 
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smahi

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#2
re: Emergency Care - Everyone Must Know it - அவசர சிகிச்சை

Hi Friends ,

I am going to try and cover some common medical emergencies in this thread ......... Excuse the language used ......I will be using Tamil, English and Tanglish ..........


First and foremost should carry a medical card with the following info :

1.Every one should know their blood group and their rhesus status ......

2. Always know about any drug allergies you have ...If you have reacted to any medication adversely do note it's name and also the symptoms you suffered ......eg itching or throat swelling etc....

3.Any medical conditions you suffer from ....

4.List of any medication you take on a normal day to day basis .....

5.An emergency contact number (ICE)....

6. Your physician's details.....

You can type these info and print it and Laminate it ....Carry it on your person/Pocket or Bag all the Time ........... This sure helps a great deal .....

Also allergy bands are available and you can wear one with name of allergen on it ........

Keep it up to date ....

Medication:

If you suffer from medical problems and have been prescribed medication then do (your prescription's copy too)carry it where ever you go ....esp - inhalers ,epipen, glucose if diabetic, glyceryl nitrate tablets or sprays etc.....

Check for the expiry dates too ...........

Some drugs interact --- If your doctor has mentioned you to avoid a particular medication because it does not agree with any long term life saving medication you are on do include it in your list ......

Always consult a doctor ....Do not buy over the counter at pharmacies without a physician's advice .... This applies to simple antibiotics too .....

When travelling with young children it is a very good idea to carry a firstaid kit ,thermometer and any medication for common ailments .....



I will try to cover Hypoglycemia (Low sugar ), Simple faint , Panic attacks ,
Heart attacks and CPR , Choking ............

Thank you so much for this useful tips Priya.
 

Rudhraa

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#3
re: Emergency Care - Everyone Must Know it - அவசர சிகிச்சை

Hi, priya really good and much needed thread. Most of us, except the life science students don't know these things. Pls continue and empower our knowledge with emergency care medical informations.
 

PriyagauthamH

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#4
Fainting ( மயக்கம் வருவது )

Fainting, can occur in otherwise healthy people too . It can affect people of all ages, but is particularly common in young women. Fainting is a particular problem for the elderly, who may suffer serious injuries from falls when they faint.


You may suffer from a simple fainting spell due to anxiety, fear, pain, intense emotional stress, hunger, or use of alcohol or drugs. Most people who suffer from simple fainting have no underlying heart or neurological (nerve or brain) problem.


  • In patients with overly sensitive nervous systems, straining and stress causes blood to pool in their legs. As a result, blood pressure may drop, reducing circulation to the brain. In others, their heart rate slows, sending insufficient blood to the brain, causing fainting.

Remember
Stress ,Anxiety are common causes that bring on a fainting episode....


Explanation:

The cause is low heart rate or blood pressure, leading to inadequate circulation to the brain. This results in fainting, or loss of consciousness .

Simple faint almost always happens when the patient is standing. It is a much less common occurrence when lying down or sitting.

How to recognise a faint

Usually the first signs are paleness, sweatiness, rapid heart rate(PALPITATIONS), dizziness, or tightness in the throat. This can last anywhere from a few seconds to a few minutes.Sometime they may have nausea too... The person may complain of a sensation that the room is moving , Ringing in the ears, Tingling or numbness of fingertips and around lips......

Fainting usually follows directly. This too may last a few seconds to a few minutes.

After fainting, patients usually appear flushed, and their heart rate may be slow.


Treatment

  • Anyone experiencing the symptoms of fainting should lie down immediately, with their legs elevated. They should be given plenty of room and air. If possible, whatever provoked the stress or anxiety should be stopped.
  • They should remain lying down until complete recovery.
  • Try reviving them by putting a cold, wet washcloth on their face or neck. If they feel cold to the touch, cover them with a blanket.
  • If he or she was lying down, wait several minutes before asking them to sit up. Ask them to sit for several minutes before standing. Then be prepared to support them in case they faint again when they stand.

Prevention


  • Anyone with a history of fainting when receiving injections or having blood drawn should lie down before the procedure. They should try not to look at the needle, and their legs should be kept elevated if possible.

Points to note :

Medical conditions that cause fainting apar
t from anxiety are

  • Heart problems such as irregular heart beats
  • Seizures
  • Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia),
  • Anemia (a deficiency in healthy oxygen carrying cells)
  • Problems with how the nervous system (the body's system of nerves) regulates blood pressure
  • Some types of fainting seem to run in families


See your doctor about any unexplained esp repeated faints to rule out underlying medical conditions ....


This Article has been published in Penmai eMagazine March 2014. You Can download & Read the magazines HERE.


 
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PriyagauthamH

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#5
re: Emergency Care - Everyone Must Know it - அவசர சிகிச்சை

Thank you Mahi and Rudhra ....Sure will keep posting on common and important emergencies ........
 

thenuraj

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#6
re: Emergency Care - Everyone Must Know it - அவசர சிகிச்சை

சூப்பர் ப்ரியா...
அனேகமா எல்லாருக்குமே இந்த thread ரொம்ப பயனுள்ளதா இருக்கும்....
தேங்க்ஸ்
 

PriyagauthamH

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#8
Hypoglycaemia (Low Sugar ) ரத்தத்தில் சர்க்கரை அளவு குறைந்து இருப்பது .........This is a very serious emergency .....Any diabetic should be aware of this and know how to manage it ..........
What is diabetes?
The amount of sugar in the blood is usually controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is produced by the pancreas (a gland behind the stomach).


When food is digested and enters your bloodstream, insulin moves glucose out of the blood and into cells, where it is broken down to produce energy.
However, if you have diabetes, your body is unable to break down glucose into energy. This is because there is either not enough insulin produced to move the glucose, or the insulin produced does not work properly.
Diabetics are treated with tablets or insulin injection depending on the type ..... They are more prone to fluctuations in their blood glucose levels ......Too much glucose damages organs ....On the other hand reduction in the blood glucose level can be life threatening .......So it is very important to recognise the symptoms and treat appropriately ..........
Causes : In a Known diabetic
Skipping a meal
Over dosage of antidiabetic tablet or insulin injection
Diabetic excercising without taking proper meal but still taking medication
Diabetic consuming excess alcohol
In Non diabetics Hypoglycemia is less common /rare ... Certain medication and medical conditions cause it .......
Symptoms to look for


  • feeling hungry
  • sweating
  • dizziness
  • tiredness (fatigue)
  • blurred vision
  • trembling or shakiness
  • going pale
  • fast pulse or palpitations
  • tingling lips
  • irritability
  • difficulty concentrating
  • confusion
  • disorderly or irrational behaviour, which may be mistaken for drunkenness
If hypoglycaemia isn't treated promptly and blood glucose levels drop low enough, you may become drowsy or even lose consciousness.

Management
In most cases, hypoglycaemia can be self-treated when you recognise the symptoms.
The immediate treatment for hypoglycaemia is to have some food or drink that contains sugar, such as dextrose tablets or fruit juice, to correct your blood glucose levels.


After having something sugary, you may need to have a longer-acting "starchy" carbohydrate food, such as a few biscuits or a sandwich.

Never try to put food or drink into the mouth of someone who is drowsy or unconscious, as they could choke. This includes some of the high sugar preparations specifically designed for smearing inside the cheek.

If person has lost consciousness it is an EMERGENCY ......Call ambulance ...If the person carries Glucagon injection ....It needs to be given
asap by someone who knows how to inject it ........

Prevention

If you have diabetes, sticking to your medication plan and eating regular meals can help prevent hypoglycaemia.

When exercising and or indulging in strenuous physical activities balance the medication and diet ...Initially it needs to be done with doctor's advice ....

It is also important to monitor your blood sugar (glucose) levels.


Spot the signs early and make others aware.. Carry sugary food with you ....

Points to note :
If you had read the previous post on fainting you would have understood that the symptoms are similar ........ So it is important to carry a card advising and warning others of your diabetes to avoid hypoglycemia being mistaken for a simple faint ......



Moderator Note:

This Article has been published in Penmai eMagazine April 2014. You Can download & Read the magazines HERE.
 
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naliniselva

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#9
re: Emergency Care - Everyone Must Know it - அவசர சிகிச்சை

useful tips priyaG...thank you
 

PriyagauthamH

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#10
re: Emergency Care - Everyone Must Know it - அவசர சிகிச்சை

Welcome Thenu .....
Dear PS, Nals , Thank you both..............
 

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