Fetal Alcohol Syndrome-Definition, Symptoms and Treatment!!

gkarti

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Definition

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS, by its initials) is a set of abnormalities that children have whose mothers consume alcohol during pregnancy and it is the leading cause of mental retardation. Once the alcohol enters the bloodstream of the child remains there in very high concentrations over long periods of time, causing brain damage and injures other body organs.

It is not known yet which is the amount of alcohol that may harm the fetus, but that even if alcohol is "soft" such as wine or beer are harmful. It is also true that birth defects and development may differ, depending on how long the fetus was exposed to alcohol during development.


Symptoms

Babies with fetal alcohol syndrome may experience the following physical symptoms:

• Low birth weight
• Born very small and retarded growth
• Small head
• Small eyes
• Short and flattened nose
• Cheeks flattened
• small Quijadas
• Unusually shaped ears of the mother
• Thin upper lip
• Tremors or agitation
• Visual and hearing
• Cardiac defects
• Brain with little or malformation
• Minor defects in the joints which may restrict movements
• Teeth prone to cavities
• Vision problems
• Ear infections


As the child grows may develop other symptoms, including:

• Difficulty eating and sleeping
• Delay in learning to talk
• Learning disability
• Hyperactivity
• Low IQ
• Mental retardation
• Little coordination
• A range of short attention
• Behavioral problems
• Little ability to control their impulses
• Trouble socializing with other children


Treatment

There is no treatment for these children because there is no cure. As Enloe Medical Center said "For the baby the hangover will last a lifetime". Yes we need a supportive environment in which the routines are maintained, are set rules, limits and consequences, which praise the desirable behavior and which are not threatening and that violence increases the risk that the child learns to react similarly. The child with this syndrome needs to go to special education.

It is also advisable for parents to attend professional help to learn to cope with caring for a child with birth problems. Training includes forms for parents to control behavioral problems and stress control techniques.


Disclaimer: Please consult a medical practitioner before using sensitive information.
 

sumitra

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You have clearly explained about fetal alcohol syndrome. thank you Karthiga!
 

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