Indian Diet Plan For Diabetics

Parasakthi

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#1
Diet plays an important role in the treatment of diabetes. The diet may be used alone or in combination with insulin injections or oral hypoglycaemic drugs.


Type of carbohydrate and amount of fibre:

More of carbohydrate must be given as complex starches rather than simple sugars as they breakdown more slowly to release glucose in blood. The presence of fibre in complex carbohydrate like grains, vegetables and other starches slows the glucose absorption. One should emphasise more on the high fibre foods instead of high fibre supplements available in the market.
 

Parasakthi

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#2
[TABLE]
[TR]
[TD]Food groups
[/TD]
[TD]High fibre foods
[/TD]
[TD]Low fibre foods
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Cereals
[/TD]
[TD]Whole cereals like whole wheat, dalia, whole wheat flour
[/TD]
[TD]Refined cereals like rice, bread, maida, suji, noodles, macaroni, etc
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Milk and milk products
[/TD]
[TD]-
[/TD]
[TD]Milk and milk products
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Pulses
[/TD]
[TD]Whole dals and dals with husk
[/TD]
[TD]Washed dals
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Meat, fish and poultry
[/TD]
[TD]-
[/TD]
[TD]Eggs, chicken, fish
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Vegetables
[/TD]
[TD]Vegetables like peas, beans, lotus stem etc.
[/TD]
[TD]Vegetables like potato, lauki etc.
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Fruits
[/TD]
[TD]Fruits like apple, cherries, pears, peaches, plums, guava etc.
[/TD]
[TD]Fruit juices and fruits like banana and papaya
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Fats
[/TD]
[TD]-
[/TD]
[TD]Fats
[/TD]
[/TR]
[/TABLE]
 

Parasakthi

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#3
Sample diet plan (for NIDDM)


[TABLE]
[TR]
[TD]Meal
[/TD]
[TD]Menu
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Early morning
[/TD]
[TD]Tea (preferably without sugar)
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Breakfast
[/TD]
[TD]Dalia (salted)/ Paneer on toast
Tea without sugar
Apple
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Lunch
[/TD]
[TD]2 chapatti
Channa curry / or any other whole dal
Beans sabzi / or any other sabzi (avoid potatoes)
Curds / ghia raita
Salad
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Tea
[/TD]
[TD]Tea
Salty biscuits
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Dinner
[/TD]
[TD]Vegetable soup / tomato soup / chicken soup
2 chapatti / missi roti (combining wheat flour with channa flour and soya flour)
Palak paneer sabzi / paneer bhurji
Curds
[/TD]
[/TR]
[/TABLE]
 

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#4
Sample diet plan (for IDDM)


[TABLE]
[TR]
[TD]Meal
[/TD]
[TD]Menu
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Early morning
[/TD]
[TD]Tea (without sugar)
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Breakfast
[/TD]
[TD]Corn flakes
Boiled egg
Toast
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Mid-morning
[/TD]
[TD]Fruit chat
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Lunch
[/TD]
[TD]2 chapatti (add extra chapatti if required)
Lobia curry / or any other whole dal
Capsicum sabzi / karela / or any other sabzi
Curds / raita
Salad
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Tea
[/TD]
[TD]Tea / milk
Vegetable sandwich
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Dinner
[/TD]
[TD]2 chapatti
Dry dal
Cabbage sabzi / or any other sabzi
Salad
[/TD]
[/TR]
[TR]
[TD]Bed time
[/TD]
[TD]Kheer / fruit custard
[/TD]
[/TR]
[/TABLE]
 

Parasakthi

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#5
Important points To remember

  • It is important to control the amount and time of food intake.
  • Meals should not be missed.
  • Consider the likes and dislikes of the patient.
  • Try to substitute the craving for sweet by taking some fruit.


Foods to be avoided


Glucose, sugar, honey, all sweets, chocolates and candies.


Foods to be restricted


Potatoes, yam, arbi, sweet potatoes, mangoes, grapes, bananas, alcoholic beverages, fried foods, paranthas, poories, pakoras, mathris, deep fried foods, dry fruits, salad oils, cakes and pastries.


Foods to be used freely


Green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, cucumber. radish, soups, buttermilk, tea and coffee without sugar.
 

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