Monsoon health guide: Top 5 diseases common in the monsoon


Lord of Penmai
Jul 5, 2011
Monsoon health guide: Top 5 diseases common in the monsoon

The great Indian monsoon is upon us, and with it comes a bouquet of diseases so often seen in the Indian subcontinent.

It's time to begin preventive measures against these diseases even as we prepare to deal with the dampness, humidity, overflowing potholes and stagnant pools of water. In some unfortunate cases, one can even come in contact with life-threatening diseases during the rainy season. But where does one begin? Right here! Today, we've jotted down for you the five most common monsoon diseases, which you should be weary off while the rain pours and the clouds thunder...

Malaria: One of the deadliest monsoon diseases of the developing world, malaria is spread by female Anopheles mosquitoes, which transmit the pathogen from an infected person to a healthy one. One might suffer from fever, headaches, nausea, muscle pain and weakness in malaria.

First and foremost, make sure that you limit outside activity between dusk and dawn. Mosquito bites can be really deadly, as they are the first and the most obvious cause of malaria. Make sure there are no unscreened entry points into your house and keep all windows and doors are closed at the time of twilight and at night.

Using a mosquito net decreases the risk of coming in contact with mosquitoes. It is also important to stock up on some basic anti-malaria medication, stay dry (as infected mosquitoes are especially attracted to sweaty skin) and keep some fever medication at home for sudden fevers in the night.

Cholera: Vibrio cholera is the pathogen, which affects the small intestine. Mostly caused by food and water contaminated by human faeces, cholera spreads faster in poor sanitation areas. One might suffer from severe diarrhoea, watery stools, rapid weight loss, severe muscle cramps when one suffers from cholera. Adults might suffer from mental apathy too.

A child needs to be immunized against cholera in the first six months after being born. Make sure all your eatables are duly covered and the food is well cooked, so that there is no scope of breeding germs.

Typhoid: Typhoid is a disease caused by bacterium Salmonella typhi, and is highly infectious. Typhoid generally tends to develop from contaminated food and water. Do note that even after you are cured from the disease, some patients might carry this disease infection in the gall bladder.

One might suffer from prolonged fever, headache, and severe abdominal pain, followed by constipation or diarrhoea when they have typhoid. It is a must to get yourself vaccinated against typhoid.

Common cold and flu: A self contagious illness, common cold is one of the most frequently occurring illnesses of the world. It can be caused by a number of different viruses. Medically known as viral upper respiratory tract infection, the common cold may include a cough, runny nose, congestion, sore throat and sneezing.

The common cold can easily be transmitted due to contaminated surfaces or by inhaling the airborne virus. It can spread quickly through surface objects, such as telephones, computers, books and pens.

In order to treat the common cold, one should drink a lot of fluids like fresh fruit juices, soups and water. Gargle with lukewarm saline water and avoid smoking and drinking.

H1N1 scare: Even though H1NI is not a pandemic scare anymore, one should go for medical checkups in case of any flu symptoms. Make sure you avoid touching too many objects in crowded and public spaces. Cover your nose and mouth while sneezing and make use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers. Keep away from people with cold and flu symptoms and use respiratory masks if the need arises.
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