Preparing For Emergencies

nlakshmi

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#2
CPR - GUIDE

1. CALL Check the victim for unresponsiveness. If the person is not responsive and not breathing or not breathing normally. Call 911(You country of Residence Emergency Contact Number) and return to the victim. In most locations the emergency dispatcher can assist you with CPR instructions.[/TD]



2. PUMP
If the victim is still not breathing normally, coughing or moving, begin chest compressions. Push down in the center of the chest 2 inches 30 times. Pump hard and fast at the rate of at least 100/minute, faster than once per second.


3. BLOW Tilt the head back and lift the chin. Pinch nose and cover the mouth with yours and blow until you see the chest rise. Give 2 breaths. Each breath should take 1 second.


CONTINUE WITH 30 PUMPS AND 2 BREATHS UNTIL HELP ARRIVES

NOTE: This ratio is the same for one-person & two-person CPR. In two-person CPR the person pumping the chest stops while the other gives mouth-to-mouth​
 
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nlakshmi

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#5
Before providing care, put on protective gloves or use a barrier between you and the victim, to reduce the chance of disease transmission while assisting the injured person. Cleanse your hands thoroughly with soap and water when finished.
First Aid - Bleeding

Basic first aid treatment:

CALL (Emergency Contact Number for your Country of Residence) for medical assistance.
  • Keep victim lying down.
  • Apply direct pressure using a clean cloth or sterile dressing directly on the wound.
  • DO NOT take out any object that is lodged in a wound; see a doctor for help in removal.
  • If there are no signs of a fracture in the injured area, carefully elevate the wound above the victim's heart.
  • Once bleeding is controlled, keep victim warm by covering with a blanket, continuing to monitor for shock.
 
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nlakshmi

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#6
Cleaning and Bandaging the Wounds

  • Wash your hands and cleanse the injured area with clean soap and water, then blot dry.

  • Apply antibiotic ointment to minor wound and cover with a sterile gauze dressing or bandage that is slightly larger than the actual wound.
 

nlakshmi

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#7
Eye Injuries


  1. If an object is impaled in the eye, CALL Your Country of Residence's Emergency Contact Number and DO NOT remove the object.
  • Cover both eyes with sterile dressings or eye cups to immobilize.
  • Covering both eyes will minimize the movement of the injured eye.
  • DO NOT rub or apply pressure, ice, or raw meat to the injured eye.
  • If the injury is a black eye, you may apply ice to cheek and area around eye, but not directly on the eyeball itself.

How to flush the eyes: If chemical is in only one eye, flush by positioning the victim's head with the contaminated eye down. . . to prevent flushing the chemical from one eye to another. Flush with cool or room temperature water for 15 minutes or more. Remove contact lenses after flushing.
 

nlakshmi

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#8
Burns:

First Degree Burn:
Skin will appear red and may be swollen or painful. Generally does not require medical attention.
Second Degree Burn: Skin will appear red, blistered and swollen. May require medical attention.
Third Degree Burn: Skin will be visibly charred and may be white. Usually very painful. REQUIRES MEDICAL ATTENTION.

Basic first aid treatment for 1st degree & some 2nd degree burns:
  • Submerge burn area immediately in cool water until pain stops.
  • If affected area is large, cover with cool wet cloths.
  • Do not break blisters if they are present.
  • If pain persists but no medical assistance is needed, apply medicated first aid cream or gel and cover with sterile dressing.
  • If medical attention is needed, do not apply any cream.
  • Just cover with a dry, sterile dressing and seek medical help immediately.
Basic first aid treatment for 3rd degree & some 2nd degree burns:

  • CALLYour country of residence's ER contact number.
  • Third degree burns MUST RECEIVE MEDICAL ATTENTION IMMEDIATELY! DO NOT try to remove any clothing stuck to the burned area.
  • Cover with sterile dressing or clean sheet.
  • DO NOT apply any creams or gels.
 

nlakshmi

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#9
Chemical Burns:

  • Flush the affected area with cool running water for at least 15 minutes.
  • Remove all clothing and jewelry that has been contaminated.
  • Monitor victim for shock and seek medical assistance.
  • If chemical burn is in the eyes, flush continuously with water and seek medical attention immediately.
 

nlakshmi

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#10
Sun Burn:

  • Avoid any further exposure to direct sunlight.
  • Drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration.
  • Do not apply cold water or ice to a severe burn.
  • Use over-the-counter remedies to remove discomfort.
  • If burn is severe and blisters develop, seek medical attention.
 

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