ProbioticS

YOKI

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#1
[h=3]What are probiotics?[/h]
Yep,


Who could forget Élie Metchnikoff? Don’t know him? He’s only considered the inventor of probiotics. He came up with a theory that aging is caused by toxic bacteria in the gut; to prevent this, he drank sour milk every day. He was born in 1845 and made it to 71, so he may have been on to something.

The term probiotic comes from the Latin or Gree pro, “before, forward”, and bios, or “life” — thus probiotics are life-promoting. In this case, we use the term probiotics to refer to beneficial bacteria.

We have billions of friendly bacteria living in our digestive tract. If you extracted all of the microbes that live in your body, you’d have over a quart of sludge. Each person’s bacterial flora may be as unique as fingerprints.

Friendly bacteria help us digest our food and absorb nutrients effectively. In a sense, we don’t actually digest many components of our food — the bacteria digest it.
 

YOKI

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#2
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has defined probiotics as – live microorganisms, which, when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit to the host. [h=3]Names of some probiotics in use:[/h]
  • Bifidobacterium lactis
  • Bifidobacterium infantis
  • Lactobacillus acidophilus
  • Probiotic lactobacillus
Bifidobacterium infantis are the first bacteria to arrive when we are breast-fed as babies. These organisms take up permanent residence in our intestines. When we are on antibiotics or in certain medical conditions like irritable bowel syndrome or helicobacter pylori infection, these good bacteria are destroyed.


[h=2]Probiotics are excellent for your well-being and better digestive health.[/h]
 

YOKI

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#3
What do gut bacteria do?
In our gut, good bacteria can displace bad bacteria and influence our overall health, metabolism, digestion, and body composition.
Gut bacteria are involved in immunity and help to ensure our immune system doesn’t have an itchy trigger finger.

Gut bacteria also:

  • help synthesize B and K vitamins
  • enhance gastrointestinal motility and function
  • enhance digestion and nutrient absorption
  • obstruct the growth of “bad bacteria” and other pathogens
  • help metabolize other plant compounds/drugs
  • produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and polyamines
  • produce coagulation and growth factors
  • produce cytokines (cell signaling molecules)
  • help regulate intestinal mucus secretion and ultilization
  • help regulate blood flow to the viscera
 

YOKI

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#4
Our internal bacterial environment is very lively and complex. Scientists estimate that we have over 50 genera of bacteria that provide over 500 different species! There’s a party in our tummies!
Some researchers even suggest that our bacteria are like an entirely distinct organ — a “microbe organ” that is nearly as big and important (if not more so) than the liver.


Thus, given the extent of bacteria’s roles, and the importance of these good bacteria to proper physical functioning, it’s important for us to help keep a healthy bacterial environment.
Probiotics can help replenish and nourish this internal supply of good bacteria.
Adequate consumption of probiotics can help to eliminate abdominal pain, gas, bloating, reflux, allergies, nausea, food poisoning and vomiting. Probiotics may even alleviate irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and dermatitis. You guessed it – this means they are anti-inflammatory.
 

YOKI

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#5


Probiotics are generally seen in fermented foods such as fermented milk, yoghurt, soy milk, tofu, kimchi and some dietary supplements. In most of these foods probiotics are added as active live cultures during the manufacturing stage.

Yoghurt and kefir, another fermented milk product are natural sources of probiotics. It is also present in miso soup and certain juices.
 

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