Purattasi Special - புரட்டாசி

Angu Aparna

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#1
Purattasi is an important Tamil month like Aadi, while Aadi month is for Amman Puratasi is for Perumal.

According to Legend Lord Venkateswara appeared on earth in Purattasi Masam and also there is a myth that Lord Sani losses his power in this month.

The most important festivals in Purattasi are:
1. Saturdays of Purattasi
2. Mahalaya Amavasai
3. Navarathri
4. Thirupathi Pramotsavam
 

sumitra

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Absolutely right madam. Purattaasi month is very important month for the followers of Lord Vishnu (vaishnavaas). But you please explain the significance and thatparyam of following . 1. Saturdays of Purattasi
2. Mahalaya Amavasai
3. Navarathri
4. Thirupathi Pramotsavam

thanks
 

Rudhraa

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Hi sumitra,

I will give explanation of each festival one by one,

Puratassi Month:
The popular belief is that Lord Venkateswara made his divine presence on the earth in this month and returned to Vaikunata also in the month of puratassi. There is also a legend that Shani Dev loses his powers in Puratassi month and therefore cannot create any trouble.

Naradar wanted to know how people can worship Lord Ventakeshwara after his departure to Vaikunta. Lord advised Naradar that he will bless the devotees who fast on the saturdays of puratassi month and pray to Him. He will also relieve hardship caused by Lord Shani during Puratasi month.

Since Saturdays are free from the evil influences of Lord Shani, it is easy to please him on this day. It is also believed that Sani Dev loses his powers in Puratasi month and therefore he will not come in the way of prayers dedicated to Lord Balaji. Thus it is easy to get blessings from Lord Venkateswara in this month.

During every Saturday in in the month of Puratasi the devotees of Vishnu visit Thirupathi. For those who cannot travel it is through the rice flour lamp (Mavilakku) that He (Vishnu) manifests Himself to the devotees. Hence, this practice is being followed on Saturdays.

Some significance,
  • Vishnu, the God of Wealth has a unique power on these Saturdays and is particularly effective in minimizing negative effects from Saturn.
  • People offer Ghee Lamp or Ellu Lamp to Lord Shani in this month.Whatever fasting, prayer and sacrifice done during these months; award greater benefit than all the other months.
  • Also, the carbon emanated through the mixture of rice flour and cow's ghee is said to remove all the ill radiations and negative vibrations from one's home and that too when one recites aloud the name of the Lord God when the lighted cotton soak goes off. To make it worthy, devotees used to recite the Lord Gods name several times. Govindaa, Govinda, Govindaa. Sure, the fragrance, a temple like atmosphere and the divine recitals and the devotion, all that makes one refreshed and happy.
  • This fast is an abstinence of eating meat, smoking, consuming alcohol etc...
 

Rudhraa

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#4
Mahalaya Amavasya

Mahalaya Amavasya or Pitra Amavasya is the new moon day of Pitri Paksha or Mahalaya Paksha, the fortnight which is especially sacred for offering oblations to the departed ancestors. It is believed that performing Tarpanams or Tarpan during the auspicious Mahalaya Paksha will bless your ancestors and will free them from all their sins.

Each day in the Mahalaya Paksha is ruled by a particular Tithi or Moon Phase and the benefits of offering Tarpan on each day are different. Mahalaya Amavasya is the last day of theMahalaya Paksha, which is considered as the most important day in the year for performing obsequies and rites and on this day people donate food, clothes etc.

Appreciate Your Departed Ancestors on
Mahalaya Paksha


The easiest way to access God's grace is to feed a famished human being starving for food. Donating food is considered to be the greatest charity of all the charities and it is believed that whoever donates food will attain an 'elevated status'. There is an interesting legend highlighting the importance of donating food from the great epic Mahabharata.

Mahalaya Paksha - The Legend Behind

The renowned hero of the Mahabharata, Karna, was a great philanthropist and he never said no to anyone who approached him for help. He had donated huge wealth and had done all kinds of charity, except for donating food.Karna left the earthly curl after his death and reached heaven. The great charity which he had done on the earth plane was returned to him hundredfold here, but it was all material wealth and no food at all. He then realized that although he had done all kinds of charities, he did not donate food. He prayed to the God of Death, who sent him back to earth for 14 days, to make up for this deficiency.Karna fed the Brahmins and poor and offered oblations of water during the 14 days, which are observed in the Mahalaya Paksha. On his return to Heaven, he had plenty of food and it has been anticipated that offerings made during the period of Mahalaya Paksha benefits all the departed souls, whether they are connected to you or not.

Mahalaya Paksha: The Ancestors' Time

Great enlightened beings, who have turned their body into light, visit the earth daily in their light form. Our departed ancestors also come and stay on this earth plane for 15 days in a year in our body, mind and soul and can change all these 3 positively.Even Gods cannot do what these ancestors can do for you; in fact, Gods ask you to go through your ancestors for blessings. These auspicious 15 days of Mahalaya Paksha, is the most important two week period to appreciate your departed ancestors.

Source: Mahalaya Amavasya
 
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Rudhraa

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#5
NAVARATRI

Navratri is a festival dedicated to the worship of a Hindu deity Shakti. During these nine nights and ten days, nine forms of Shakti/Devi are worshiped. The 10th day is commonly referred to as Vijayadashami or "Dussehra".

First three days
The goddess is separated as a spiritual force called Durga also known as Kali in order to destroy all our impurities.

Second three days
The Mother is adored as a giver of spiritual wealth, Lakshmi, who is considered to have the power of bestowing on her devotees inexhaustible wealth, as she is the goddess of wealth.

Final three days
The final set of three days is spent in worshiping the goddess of wisdom, Saraswati. In order to have all-round success in life, believers seek the blessings of all three aspects of the divine femininity, hence the nine nights of worship.

In South India, people set up steps and place idols on them. This is known as golu. Predominantly with that of the gods and goddesses depicting mythology.

View attachment 65638

When people come to a person's house to see the Kolu, usually they are given prasad (the offering given to God that day), kumkum and a small bag of gifts. These are only given to girls and married women. In the evenings, a "kuthuvilakku" (small lamp) is lit, in the middle of a decorated "kolam"(Rangoli), before the Kolu and devotional hymns and shlokas are chanted. After performing the puja, the food items that have been prepared are offered to the goddesses.

In Tamilnadu and other parts of South India Saraswati puja is performed on the 9th day. Ayudha Puja is conducted in many parts of South India on the Mahanavami (Ninth) day with much fanfare. Weapons, agricultural implements, all kinds of tools, equipments, machinery and automobiles are decorated and worshipped on this day along with the worship of Goddess. The work starts afresh from the next day, i.e. the 10th day which is celebrated as 'Vijaya Dashami'. Many teachers/Schools in south India start teaching Kindergarten children from that day onwards.

During Navratri, some devotees of Durga observe a fast and prayers are offered for the protection of health and prosperity. Devotees avoid meat, alcoholic drinks, grains, wheat and onion during this fast. Grains are usually avoided since it is believed that during the period of Navratri and seasonal change, grains attract and absorb lots of negative energies from the surrounding and therefore there is a need to avoid eating anything which are produced from grains for the purification of Navratri to be successful. Navratri is also a period of introspection and purification, and is traditionally an auspicious and religious time for starting new ventures.
 

Rudhraa

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#6
Thirupathi Brahmotsavam

View attachment 65639

The Brahmotsavam festival is one of the most important and auspicious functions in Tirupati. Popular stories trace the origin of this celebration to Brahma, the creator God, who first conducted this festival to Sri Balaji at Tirupati. Brahma worshiped Sri Balaji on the banks of the holy Pushkarini in Tirupati as a way to give thanks for the Lord's protection of mankind. Hence, this utsava bears his name as "Brahmotsavam," which means "Brahma's Utsavam." In Tirumala, Brahmotsavam is celebrated in the month of October.

The Brahmotsava is performed over a nine-day period. On the evening prior to the start of the first day, the rite of "Ankurarpana" (sowing of the seeds to signify fertility, prosperity and abundance) is performed along with a festival for Sri Vishvaksena (the leader of Narayana's retinue who removes obstacles and protects worship).On the first day, the main activity is the "Dhvajarohana," the hoisting of the Garuda flag at the Dhvajastambham. This signifies the commencement of the Brahmotsava. It is believed that Garuda goes to Devalokam and invites the Devas to attend the function. During the nine days of the festival, the religious activities include daily homas and processions for the utsava murti on different vahanas, which are the chariots that can be seen in the Temple. Every evening, the utsava vigrahas are decorated with different alankarams. The concluding day is the Janma Nakshatra (birth star) of Sri Balaji, which is celebrated in a grand way with Avabhritha Utsava (special abhishekams for the utsava murti). In Tirupati, the Sudarsana Chakra is bathed in the Pushkarini and all the devotees bathe afterwards. In Aurora, a priest takes the Sudarsana Chakra on his head and takes a holy bath near the Dhvajastambham. Afterwards, the Chakra is placed on a high platform, so the devotees can walk under it and be blessed with the water dripping down from Sudarsana. The celebration officially concludes with "Dhvajavarohanam," the lowering of the Garuda flag. The priests pay respects to Gods and Sages with the chanting of Vedic mantras and see them off on their return to the Devaloka.

The Brahmotsavam celebration provides a unique opportunity for all devotees to participate in the festivities and utsavas and experience the "Vaikuntha Anubhava" (heavenly enjoyment and feeling) and receive the blessings of Sri Venkateswara Swami. Every year, millions of devotees witness the processions,celebrations during the annual Brahmotsavams of Lord Venkateswara at Tirumala. Every day of Brahmotsavam will be a feast for the eyes of the devotees who gather there. On the first day the Garudadhwaja (flag with the emblem of a black garuda) is hoisted near the Srivari Alaya Dhwajasthambham. A festive procession of Lord Venkateswara on the Pedda Seshavahana proceeds around the four streets of the main temple for two hours until midnight.Ankurarpana and Senadhipati Utsavam are celebrated on the day preceding the first day of Brahmotsavam.

Some interesting observations during brahmotsavas are: As incredibly as the swan which separates the water content from milk, the reigning deity of the seven hills too, on Hamsavahan, relegates the paap and blesses the bhakta based on his punya. As the powerful snake transforms itself as a vehicle for the Lord during the Seshavahan and Chota Seshavahan in the Brahmotsavam celebrations, the essence of the Sharanagati Tatva explains the moral behind this utsav. The initial prayers offered at the Dwajarohan utsav and Garudotsav is to pray for an unscathed living with high moral values, while Garuda, requested by the Lord himself to stay in the hills, guards the skies from anything untoward coming by.
 

harsne

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#7
Thanks Rudraa for your brief explanations..
 

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