Signs & Symptoms of Diabetes!

deepa bala

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#1
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes?

Type 1 Diabetes symptoms:


frequent urination
unusual thirst
unusual weight loss
extreme fatigue and irritability


may also have:


abdominal pain
nausea
vomiting
skin infections
thrush
extreme hunger
poor concentration and performance


Type 1 Diabetes is an auto-immune disease where the body turns against the cells called beta cells found in the pancreas that make insulin.


This process happens over time. So, usually a patient just diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes will still have some insulin being produced. However, gradually insulin production decreases until it finally stops.


It commonly occurs in young children, but can occur in people of any age. It is also less common than type 2 diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes - signs and symptoms
High blood glucose levels:


fatigue and irritability
thirst
frequent urination
blurry vision
frequent infections
hunger and weight loss
nose going numb or ringing in the ears
tingling, numbness
burning or pain in the extremities
eye disturbances
sores, blisters or cracks that won't heal
recurring skin, gum, or bladder infections
sometimes no symptoms at all




Low blood glucose levels:
confusion
hunger
weakness
shakiness
rapid heartbeat
perspiration
dizziness
nervousness or irritability

Type 2 Diabetes is when the body becomes insulin resistant and does not utilize insulin properly, or does not produce enough insulin to process blood glucose into fuel that the body can use. This is the most common form of diabetes and was once thought of occurring mainly in older people, but people of all ages can develop this type of diabetes.
 

deepa bala

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#2
Gestational Diabetes - What is Gestational Diabetes?


Gestational diabetes occurs in women during pregnancy, who don't have diabetes, but their blood glucose levels rise above normal.


It is unclear what causes gestational diabetes, but what we do know is that that the placenta which supplies baby's needs, produces hormones that help baby to develop. Unfortunately, these hormones can also inhibit insulin working in the mother's body. This is called insulin resistance, and it means the body does not use the insulin properly, so that more insulin is required, sometimes as much as three times more.


Gestational diabetes occurs much in the same way as Type 2 Diabetes does, in that your body cannot produce or use all the insulin it needs while pregnant. Without enough insulin needed to utilize blood glucose, the levels begin to rise causing hyperglycaemia.
 

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