when to start solid food for babies

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#1
hello ladies. happy new year to all. i want a suggestion and advice from you. i am a mother of 3 month daughter. i want to know when will i give solid foods to her? whether i can start from now? if so, what are all the solid foods i can give her now?
 

jv_66

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#2
You can start giving solid foods to your baby,only after 6 months.

Now the baby cannot digest the solid food. Everything should be only in the liquid form.

After 6 months, you can introduce, ragi koozh, mashed vegetables, mashed bananas, mashed , cooked but not fried potato like that. After 7 months, you can start giving mashed rice, dal etc.

You can check the below links also.


When and which Solid foods to introduce?
When to start introducing solid food to baby - குழந்தைகளுக்கு எப்பொழுது இணை உண




 

naliniselva

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#3
HI, VASUMA....
Government guidelines now suggest that you wait until your baby is six months old before offering him solid foods. However, some parents still choose to introduce solids a little earlier.


By about six months of age, you'll probably start noticing signs that your baby is ready to expand her diet. By now, she'll be able to hold her head up by herself, and will have lost the tongue-thrust extrusion reflex, which means she can now learn to take more than just liquid food. She'll also start showing an interest in your food, looking at your meals and possibly reaching for your plate.

Of course, this doesn't mean your baby is able to sit down with a knife and fork. A baby's first solid foods aren't solid at all; in fact, first foods should be semi-liquid, as eating is a skill your baby will learn gradually.

So what can you start with? The most often recommended first food is iron-fortified baby rice cereal, which is easily digested and the least likely to trigger an allergic reaction.

To start, mix a teaspoon of cereal with four to five teaspoons of breast milk, formula milk, or boiled, cooled water. You can use a baby-feeding spoon, but some experts recommend using your clean finger. Simply dip your fingertip into the cereal mixture and offer it to your baby. Don't expect her to eat very much at a time - tiny tummies need tiny portions, and most of her nutrition will continue to come from breastmilk or formula for months to come.

Other foods you can start at six months include fruits, such as pureed bananas, pears, and apples, and vegetables, such as carrots, butternut squash, parsnips and cauliflower. You might also like to try starchy vegetables, such as potatoes, yam and sweet potato. It's important you offer your baby savoury foods as well as sweet at this stage, or she may develop a sweet tooth..


 

vaishnav

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#4
There’s nothing more adorable than a picture of a happy baby contentedly smearing food on his face -- and everywhere else. (Until it’s time to clean up, of course.) Starting your baby on solid food can be fun, playful, and messy!

For some parents, introducing solid foods can also be confusing. When should you start? How much should you offer? What comes first?
Feeding baby solids doesn’t need to be a challenge. There are just a few simple rules and milestones to keep in mind to make sure your baby’s food is just right to grow on.
[h=3]Baby’s First Foods: When to Introduce Solids[/h] When today’s parents were small babies, pediatricians often recommended starting them on cereal and other solid foods at just a few weeks old. “It’ll help him sleep through the night!” they were told.
Now we know that’s not true, and for most babies, cereal in a bottle at 6 weeks is no way to start solids. (Some babies with bad reflux may benefit from cereal in a bottle, however. Ask your pediatrician.)
Between the ages of 4 and 6 months, most babies are developmentally ready to get their first taste of solid foods. At this point, they lose the extrusion reflex that is beneficial for sucking a breast or bottle but can shove a spoonful of baby cereal right back out.
[h=3]Starting Solids: How to Know When Your Baby Is Ready[/h] Here are some signs that your child is ready to try solids:

  • She can sit up (with support) and can hold her head and neck up well.
  • Her birth weight has doubled.
  • She’s interested in what you’re eating and may even try to grab food from your plate.
  • She can keep food in her mouth rather than letting it dribble out.
  • She shows signs of being hungry for more than she’s getting by clamoring for more when her bottle is empty or wanting to nurse more often.

Some experts cite another important reason to start solid foods by 6 months: That’s when babies’ natural stores of iron begin to deplete, and some babies may not get enough iron in their liquid diets to replace them. (There is more iron in formula than in breast milk, but the iron in breast milk is more readily absorbed.) Iron-fortified baby cereals are a good early source of iron, but once your baby is eating a variety of foods, there are several iron-rich options, including meats, beans, and spinach.
 

sumitra

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#5
Dear Vasuma, don't be in a hurry. Please read the following before starting to give solid food to your baby.

6 Reasons To Delay Introducing Solid Food



WHY WAIT? 6 REASONS


Gone are the days when pressured mothers stuffed globs of cereal into the tight mouths of reluctant six- week- olds. Nowadays parents feed their baby on the timetable that is developmentally and nutritionally correct -- as determined by their baby. Don't be in a rush to start solids. Here are some good reasons for waiting.
1. Baby's intestines need to mature. The intestines are the body's filtering system, screening out potentially harmful substances and letting in healthy nutrients. In the early months, this filtering system is immature. Between four and seven months a baby's intestinal lining goes through a developmental growth spurt called closure,meaning the intestinal lining becomes more selective about what to let through. To prevent potentially-allergenic foods from entering the bloodstream, the maturing intestines secrete IgA , a protein immunoglobulin that acts like a protective paint, coating the intestines and preventing the passage of harmful allergens. In the early months, infant IgA production is low (although there is lots of IgA in human milk), and it is easier for potentially-allergenic food molecules to enter the baby's system. Once food molecules are in the blood, the immune system may produce antibodies to that food, creating a food allergy . By six to seven months of age the intestines are more mature and able to filter out more of the offending allergens. This is why it's particularly important to delay solids if there is a family history of food allergy, and especially to delay the introduction of foods to which other family members are allergic.
2. Young babies have a tongue-thrust reflex. In the first four months the tongue thrust reflex protects the infant against choking. When any unusual substance is placed on the tongue, it automatically protrudes outward rather than back. Between four and six months this reflex gradually diminishes, giving the glob of cereal a fighting chance of making it from the tongue to the tummy. Not only is the mouth-end of baby's digestive tract not ready for early solids, neither is the lower end.
3. Baby's swallowing mechanism is immature. Another reason not to rush solids is that the tongue and the swallowing mechanisms may not yet be ready to work together. Give a spoonful of food to an infant less than four months, and she will move it around randomly in her mouth, pushing some of it back into the pharynx where it is swallowed, some of it into the large spaces between the cheeks and gums, and some forward between the lips and out onto her chin. Between four and six months of age, most infants develop the ability to move the food from the front of the mouth to the back instead of letting it wallow around in the mouth and get spit out. Prior to four months of age, a baby's swallowing mechanism is designed to work with sucking, but not with chewing.
4. Baby needs to be able to sit up. In the early months, babies associate feeding with cuddling. Feeding is an intimate interaction, and babies often associate the feeding ritual with falling asleep in arms or at the breast. The change from a soft, warm breast to a cold, hard spoon may not be welcomed with an open mouth. Feeding solid foods is a less intimate and more mechanical way of delivering food. It requires baby to sit up in a highchair – a skill which most babies develop between five and seven months. Holding a breastfed baby in the usual breastfeeding position may not be the best way to start introducing solids, as your baby expects to be breastfed and clicks into a "what's wrong with this picture?" mode of food rejection.
5. Young infants are not equipped to chew. Teeth seldom appear until six or seven months, giving further evidence that the young infant is designed to suck rather than to chew. In the pre-teething stage, between four and six months, babies tend to drool, and the drool that you are always wiping off baby's face is rich in enzymes, which will help digest the solid foods that are soon to come.
6. Older babies like to imitate caregivers. Around six months of age, babies like to imitate what they see. They see you spear a veggie and enjoy chewing it. They want to grab a fork and do likewise.
 

smahi

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#6
ஹாய் வசுமா இதயும் படிங்க

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பிரசவம் முடிந்துவிட்டால், நிம்மதி அடைந்துவிட வேண்டாம். ஏனெனில் இனிமேல் தான் வேலையே இருக்கிறது. என்ன புரியலையா? அது தான் குழந்தையை நன்கு பராமரிப்பது. ஏனெனில் பிரசவத்திற்கு பின் சிறிது நாட்கள், அம்மா, உறவினர்கள் என்று வீட்டில் இருப்பார்கள். அப்போது எந்த பிரச்சனையும் இல்லை. ஆனால் குழந்தை பிறந்த பின்பு, அந்த குழந்தைக்கு எந்த அளவு தாய்ப்பால் கொடுக்க வேண்டும், மேலும் வளர வளர எவ்வளவு உணவு கொடுத்தால், குழந்தை நன்கு ஆரோக்கியமாக இருக்கும் என்பதை முதலில் தெரிந்து கொள்ள வேண்டும். ஏனெனில் தற்போதுள்ள குழந்தைகள் விரைவில் குண்டாக மாறிவிடுகின்றனர். எனவே அவர்களின் உடலை ஆரோக்கியமாகவும், ஃபிட்டாகவும் வைத்துக் கொள்ள வேண்டியது ஒரு தாயின் கடமை. இப்போது குழந்தை பிறந்த பின்னர், ஒரு வயது ஆகும் வரை எவ்வளவு உணவானது தேவைப்படும் என்பதைப் படித்து தெரிந்து கொள்ளுங்கள்...

0-4 மாதம் நிறைய ஆய்வுகள், குழந்தை பிறந்த பின்னர், அவர்களுக்கு தாய்ப்பாலிலேயே குழந்தைக்கு வேண்டிய அனைத்து சத்துக்களும் கிடைத்துவிடும் என்று சொல்கிறது. ஏனெனில் தாய்ப்பாலில் அளவுக்கு அதிகமான நோய் எதிர்ப்புச் சக்தி நிறைந்துள்ளது. மேலும் அந்த தாய்ப்பால், அவர்களின் உடலில் உள்ள கழிவுகள் வெளியேற்றுவதோடு, பிறந்த குழந்தைக்கு மஞ்சள் காமாலையை ஏற்படுத்தும் பிலிரூபின் என்னும் நிறமியை வெளியேற்றிவிடும். அதிலும் அந்த தாய்ப்பாலை குறைந்தது நான்கு மாதங்களுக்கு கொடுக்க வேண்டும். இதனால் அவர்களது உறுப்புகள் அனைத்தும் வலுவடைவதோடு, செரிமான மண்டலமும் நன்கு செயல்பட ஆரம்பிக்கும்.

4-6 மாதம் நான்கு மாதங்களுக்குப் பின்னர் குழந்தைகள் வேறு உணவை சாப்பிடுவதில் கவனத்தை செலுத்துவது போன்று தெரிந்தால், அப்போது ஒரு டேபிள் ஸ்பூன் வேக வைத்த இனிப்பு உருளைக்கிழங்கு, கேரட், ஆப்பிள், வாழைப்பழம், பீச் போன்றவற்றை நன்கு மசித்து கொடுக்க வேண்டும். அதிலும் இவர்களது ஆர்வத்தை எவ்வாறு தெரிந்து கொள்வதென்றால், ஒரு நாளைக்கு 8-10 முறை தாய்ப்பால் கொடுத்தும் அவர்கள் பசிக்கு அழுதால், அப்போது இந்த உணவுகளையும், தாய்ப்பால் கொடுத்து சிறிது நேரத்திற்குப் பின் கொடுக்கலாம். அதுவும் ஒரு டேபிள் ஸ்பூன் தான் கொடுக்க வேண்டும்.

6-8 மாதம் இந்த மாதங்களல் தாய்ப்பால், பழங்களை கொடுக்கும் போதோ, மெதுவாக வேக வைத்து மசித்த சாதம், காய்கறிகள், பருப்பு வகைகள், சிக்கன் போன்ற அனைத்தையும் கொடுக்கலாம். அதிலும் அவ்வாறு கொடுக்கும் போது, அவர்களுக்கு 3-9 டேபிள் ஸ்பூன் செர்லாக், 2-3 முறை தாய்ப்பால் மற்றும் 1/4 அல்லது 1/2 கப் வேக வைத்து மசித்த காய்கறிகள் என்று கொடுக்க ஆரம்பிக்கலாம். மேலும் அவ்வாறு இவற்றையெல்லாம் கொடுக்கும் போது, குழந்தைகளுக்கு அந்த உணவுகளால் ஏதாவது அலர்ஜி போன்று வருகிறதா என்று அவ்வப்போது கவனமாக பார்த்துக் கொள்ள வேண்டும். அவ்வாறு வந்தால், உடனே அந்த உணவுகளில் எவற்றால் ஆகிறது என்று மருத்துவரிடம் சென்று ஆலோசித்து, அவற்றை தவிர மற்றவற்றை கொடுக்கலாம்.

8-10 மாதம் இந்த வயதில், சீஸ், தயிர் மற்றும் இரும்புச்சத்துள்ள தானியங்களான அரிசி, பார்லி, கோதுமை மற்றும் ஓட்ஸ் போன்றவற்றை மெதுவாக கொடுக்க ஆரம்பிக்கலாம். மேலும் அத்துடன் 1/4 கப் புரோட்டீன் உணவுகளான முட்டை, மீன் போன்றவற்றையும் கொடுக்க ஆரம்பிக்கலாம்.

10-12 மாதம் இந்த வயதில் அனைத்து உணவுகளையும் கொடுக்கலாம். ஆனால் அது அளவாக இருக்க வேண்டும். மேலும் இந்த வயதில் உணவுகள் கொடுக்கும் போது மிகவும் கவனமாகவும், அளவாகவும் கொடுக்க வேண்டும். அதாவது 1/3 கப் பால் பொருட்கள் அல்லது 1/2 கப் சீஸ் உடன் 1/4 அல்லது 1/2 கப் சாதத்துடன், காய்கறிகள் மற்றும் புரோட்டீன் உணவுகளை நிச்சயம் கொடுக்க வேண்டும்.
 

GayathriArun

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#8
Hi,

I fed my first son with semiliquid who was born in 2003 at 4 months as per doctor's advise.

When my second son was 4 months (he was born in 2010) the same doctor told me to follow semiliquid at 6 months. When i asked her the reason she said that researches proved that children are able to take and digest semi liquid and semi solid as of 6 months. It purely depends on the child's interest in taking semi solid. Nalini had well explained about this in her post "Signs that your baby is ready to expand her diet", so if your baby shows such signs you can start semiliqid at the end of 4 months ie strictly after 120 days of your child's birth.
Startup with semi liquid for 2 months, semi solid for 1 month, then you can advance for solid food slowly. At the end of 1 year of age make sure you introduce all kinds of food.

Rice cereal is a less than perfect choice for the first complementary food given to infants. Rice cereal is low in protein and high in carbohydrates. It is often mixed with varying amounts of breast milk or formula. I used to give cooked apple (without skin) with sugar and breast milk. In the beginning 2 tablespoon of semi liquid food will be enough for the child. You can increase the frequencies and quantity depending on your child's interest but never over feed. I used to boil Ajwan (omam) in water, and give a tea spoon of it 3 or 4 times a day until 1 year, which helps in digestion. You can give the fruits and vegetables one by one in the same method by cooking and mixing with sugar and breast milk. Make sure you introduce one kind of food continuously for atleast 4 days so that you will know whether your baby has any allergy to that particular food. Slowly introduce to semi solid and solid food.

Happy Feeding!
 

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